Overview of Algeria

  • Algeria topped group C with a perfect record, winning all three matches including a 1–0 victory over 2018 FIFA World Cup’s participant Senegal.[24] Algeria’s solid performance continued with a 3–0 win over Guinea in the round of sixteen;[25] before they overcame Ivory Coast in a hard-fought encounter which they won in a penalty shootout 4–3, after having drawn 1–1 after 120 minutes.[26] The Algerians then went on to defeat Nigeria 2–1 with a dying minute’s free kick shot by Riyad Mahrez.[27] Facing Senegal once again in the final, Baghdad Bounedjah scored the only goal of the game as Algeria won 1-0, earning them their second title since 1990.
  • Algeria · Angola · Benin · Botswana · Burkina Faso · Burundi · Cameroon · Cape Verde · Central African Republic · Chad · Comoros · Democratic Republic of the Congo · Republic of the Congo · Côte d'Ivoire · Djibouti · Egypt · Eritrea · Ethiopia · Equatorial Guinea · Gabon · The Gambia · Ghana · Guinea · Guinea-Bissau · Kenya · Lesotho · Liberia · Libya · Madagascar · Malawi · Mali · Mauritania · Mauritius · Mozambique · Namibia · Niger · Nigeria · Rwanda · São Tomé and Príncipe · Senegal · Seychelles · Sierra Leone · Somalia · South Africa · Sudan · Swaziland · Tanzania · Togo · Tunisia · Uganda · Western Sahara (SADR) · Zambia · Zimbabwe
  • Algeria arrived to the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations with plenty of confidence and with the emergence of Islam Slimani and El Arbi Hillel Soudani, as well as the addition to the squad of talented Valencia CF winger Sofiane Feghouli, Algeria was even considered one of the favorites to win the competition, but unfortunately for them they lacked experience and despite clear domination against their opponents, they finished last in their group after losing the first game against Tunisia 1–0 after a crucial 90’minute goal from Youssef Msakni.
  • Algeria is a huge country and travelling between major cities can take a lot of time and nerves as well, while the distances in the more populated north are not so big and a trip from the east to the west can be done in a day travelling to cities in the Sahara is more difficult since the south is barely connected with good roads, train and bus connections.
  • Algeria has struggled with ongoing economic and social problems, including: a 25% youth (16-25) unemployment rate combined with a very young population (the median age of the population is 28), a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, and government inefficiencies and corruption.
  • Algeria’s fantastic diversity of landscapes and extremely rich cultural legacy (boasting no less than 7 World Heritage sites), combined with its high level of economical and social development (at least by African standards), could easily make it one of the most popular tourist spots in Africa.
  • Algeria also participates in the African Development Bank, G-77, G-15, G-24, League of Arab States, African Union, the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the Arab Maghreb Union, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), OAPEC, and OPEC.
  • Algerian officials said the militants were members of an offshoot of al-Qaeda called Al Mulathameen and were acting in retaliation for France’s intervention in nearby Mali to beat back militants who had crossed into government-controlled areas.
  • Algeria’s finances in 2000 and 2001 benefited from an increase in oil prices and the government’s tight fiscal policy, leading to a large increase in the trade surplus, record highs in foreign exchange reserves, and reduction in foreign debt.
  • Algeria’s phosphate deposits at Djebel Onk, in the northeast, are among the largest in the world, covering about 2,072 sq km (800 sq mi), with an output of 905,000 metric tons in 2003, down from 1.16 million tons in 1998.
  • Continent

    In the Constitution of Algeria, it is defined as an Islamic, Arab, and Amazigh (Berber) country.It is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, and Morocco as well as a few kilometers of its annexed territory, Western Sahara, in the west.The name Algeria is derived from the name of the city of Algiers, and officially from the Arabic language word al-jazā’ir which translates as "the islands." These islands refer to islands which lie off that city's coast.The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, commonly referred to as Algeria, is a nation in North Africa and is the second largest country on the African continent.


    The post independence policy of Arabization that included replacing French with Arabic as the state language led to clashes with the Berber population, who saw French as their “avenue to advancement.” At the same time, a grassroots Islamic revivalist movement was created that aimed to establish an Islamic state in Algeria.


    Algeria’s low-to medium-size economy is heavily dependent on natural gas and hydrocarbons, which account for about 95 percent of export earnings, 52 percent of budget revenues, and 25 percent of GDP.Other light industries can also be found, but their contribution to GDP is modest.The industrial sector is the largest contributor to the economy, accounting for 51 percent of GDP and employing 13.6 percent of the labor force.The sector is dominated by oil-related industries.The services sector is the second largest economic sector, accounting for 37 percent of GDP and employing 13.5

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

    Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.

    New Openings for China in the New Algeria?

    Algeria’s financial situation is precarious.Once-substantial savings in the oil stabilization fund (Fonds de Régulation des Recettes, or FRR) — a key source of financing in recent years — have been almost completely depleted, at the very time when fiscal and current account deficits are sharply rising.This raises the question of how the government intends to cover the country’s ballooning budget deficit.

    Is a visa required for entry?

    Depending on your country of origin, a passport valid for six months is required for entry into Algeria.However, there are some exceptions for visitors from Morocco and six other countries whom can stay for 90 days without obtaining a visa.Travelers from Israel and not allowed either entry or transit.For US and Canadian citizens visas are required.

    What is the temperature like in Algeria?

    The weather and climate in the North, along the Mediterranean coast, is mild and pleasant.Naturally, Algeria’s desert and mountain regions have much more diverse climatic conditions that significantly contrast depending on the time of year.For example, in Algiers the temperature ranges from a minimum of 6 °C (43 °F) in January to a high of 32°C (90 °F) in the summer months of July and August.Temperatures in the Biskra (known as the Gateway to the Sahara) can range from a minimum of 6 °C (43 °F) to a high of 40 °C (104 °F) from June through August.

    Is Algeria’s Hirak dead?

    Although the Hirak faces major challenges, the revolutionary spirit in Algeria is alive and well.

    What languages are spoken in Algeria?

    The official languages are Arabic and Berber.Other languages include French which is used for administrative, commercial and educational matters and Darja (Algerian Arabic) which is the language that is used to make communication possible between people who do not share a first language (lingua franca).

    Is Algeria safe for travelers?

    Travelers to Algeria should consider all of their options before planning a visit.Generally, the larger cities are considered safe for tourists although traveling in remote areas and along shared borders must be done with extreme caution due to a number of “no go” zones.Guided tour operators are available with many reputable companies able to serve you.Be sure to do your research with your embassy as well as government resources before exploring on your own.

    History of Algeria

  • In 1991, the secretive construction of the Es-Salam reactor spurred substantial concerns among U.S.
  • In 1492, after centuries of Muslim rule, the Spanish monarchs Isabel of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon, drove out the Muslims living in Spain and established imperial occupation of the Maghreb.
  • In 1516, the amir of Algiers, Selim b.
  • In 1617 they raided Madeira, stealing the church bells and taking 1,200 people captive.[5] As a result of the French Cassard expedition in 1712 in which Ribeira Grande was destroyed, the capital was partly moved to Praia in the east, which later became the capital in 1770.
  • In 1669, Moulay al-Rashid overthrew the last Saadi ruler in Morocco and united the country by founding the Arab Alaouite dynasty, which remains the current dynasty of the Kingdom of Morocco.
  • In 1816, a British squadron under Lord Exmouth (a descendant of Thomas Pellew, taken in an Algerian slave raid in 1715), assisted by Dutch men-of-war, bombarded the city.
  • In 1832, Abdelkader ibn Muhieddine, who wished to free Algeria from colonial rule, led a revolt against the French.
  • In 1844, after the French conquered Algeria, the Franco-Moroccan War took place, with the bombardment of Tangiers, the Battle of Isly, and the bombardment of Mogador.
  • In 1848, northern Algeria was proclaimed a part of France and was organized into three provinces.
  • In 1848, northern Algeria was proclaimed an integral part of France and was organized into three provinces.
  • In 1869, Tunisia declared itself bankrupt and an international financial commission took control over its economy.
  • In 1881, using the pretext of a Tunisian incursion into Algeria, the French invaded with an army of about 36,000 and forced the Bey to agree to the terms of the 1881 Treaty of Bardo (Al Qasr as Sa’id).[58] With this treaty, Tunisia was officially made a French protectorate, over the objections of Italy.
  • In 1910 there were 105,000 Italians in Tunisia.[59]
  • In 1917, the French made primary education compulsory for boys who lived within two miles of a public Algerian school.
  • In 1919, voting rights were given to a few Muslims, based on education and military service qualifications.
  • In 1934, Muslims, incited by events in Nazi Germany, rampaged in Constantine, killing 25 Jews and injuring many more.
  • In 1944, a plan to enroll one million Algerian boys and girls in primary school by 1964 was introduced.
  • In 1944, Ferhat Abbas formed the Friends of the Manifesto and of Liberty (Amis du Manifeste et de la Liberté—AML), a moderate reform group that was later transformed into the Democratic Union of the Algerian Manifesto (Union Démocratique du Manifeste Algérien—UDMA).
  • In 1944, fifteen-year-old Olivier Todd found a dog-eared copy in the cupboard of a Jewish woman who had lent Todd and his mother her apartment in occupied Paris after she had fled the Nazis.
  • In 1946, some AML members joined the PPA and, under Messali Hadj’s leadership, formed a legal front organization, the Movement for the Triumph of Democratic Liberties (Mouvement pour le Triomphe des Libertés Démocratiques—MTLD).
  • In 1947, Arabic became an official language and was introduced into schools.
  • In 1951, an Algerian Front was formed by the MTLD, the UDMA, the Algerian Communist Party, and the Society of ‘Ulema, a political-cultural organization.
  • In 1955, there were 140,000 Jews in Algeria.
  • In 1957, all Muslims became French subjects, but about 9 million Muslims and 500,000 Europeans voted in separate elections for a joint assembly.
  • In 1957, all Muslims became French subjects, but about nine million Muslims and 500,000 Europeans voted on separate electoral rolls for a joint assembly.
  • In 1957, Anders Österling, the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, acknowledged the importance of Camus’ Algerian upbringing when he presented him with the Nobel Prize in Literature, a towering achievement, won when he was only 43.
  • In 1958, the French army used mobile forces to take FLN strongholds throughout the country, and they managed to regain control of Algeria.
  • In 1958, the French Fourth Republic collapsed due to political instability and its failures in dealing with its colonies, especially Indochina and Algeria.
  • In 1959, a Roman cemetery was found near the center of town.
  • In 1961, public opinion in France was turned in favor of an independent Algeria, and soon talks opened between the FLN and French leaders.
  • In 1962, after a bloody independence struggle in which hundreds of thousands (estimates range between 350,000 and 1,500,000) died (mostly Algerians but also French and Pieds-Noirs) during fighting between the French Army and the Algerian Front de Libération Nationale, Algeria gained its independence, with Algiers as its capital.
  • In 1962, after the country gained its independence, Algiers became the nation’s capital.
  • In 1962, French president Charles de Gaulle began the peace negotiations, and on July 5, 1962, Algeria was proclaimed independent.
  • In 1962, some 180,000 Algerian refugees were repatriated from Tunisia and Morocco; after independence was declared in July 1962, about 650,000 French Algerians and more than 200,000 harkis (Algerian Muslims who fought on the French side during the war of independence and chose to retain French citizenship) emigrated to France.
  • In 1963, Morocco attempted to take part of western Algeria, which led to the Sand War.
  • In 1964, the Ministry for Housing and Construction was created to aid in reconstruction and upgrading of damaged and substandard dwellings.
  • In 1965, Houari Boumediene, President Bella’s chief of staff, seized power from Bella in a bloodless coup that abolished the government and created a revolutionary council backed by the army, with himself as the head.
  • In 1966, a state monopoly based on the Algerian Company of Insurance (ACI), and the Algerian Insurance of Reinsurance Fund (AIRF), replaced foreign insurance companies.
  • In 1966, de Gaulle withdrew French forces from the integrated command of NATO and forced all U.S.
  • In 1966, only 7.9 percent of women and 29.9 percent of men were literate.
  • in 1967 in the wake of the Arab-Israeli War, but reestablished relations in 1974.
  • In 1972, Mauritania, Senegal, and Mali formed the joint Senegal River Development Organization (OMVS) to develop the agricultural and hydroelectric potential of the Senegal River and to foster economic cooperation among the three countries.
  • In 1973, the Sloughi was imported to the United States for the first time.
  • In 1975, the United Nations determined through a national referendum that the vast majority of the Saharan people desired independence, and Spain met with representatives from Morocco, Mauritania and the Algerian-supported Saharan independence movement known as the Polisario Front.
  • In 1976 the National Charter was created.
  • In 1981 slavery was formally abolished by law, making Mauritania the last country in the world to do so.
  • In 1982–83, about 450,000 hectares (1.1 million acres) of land previously nationalized were returned to private ownership, mostly in plots of 10 hectares (25 acres) or less.
  • In 1982, the government committed more than $1.5 billion to prefabricated housing, some of it as part of a program to build “model villages” for workers on state farms or in state-owned enterprises.
  • In 1984, Algeria took third place in the 1984 Africa Cup of Nations in Ivory Coast.
  • In 1985 and 1986 additional reforms developed core programs in general secondary education and channeled university students into vocational specializations, exact sciences, or experimental and human sciences.
  • In 1986, however, because of a severe drop in oil prices, Algeria experienced the first trade deficit since 1978 and the largest ever.
  • In 1986, the fall of oil prices brought about a large deficit and an economic restructuring through the IMF that was intended to help service the country’s debt and begin government privatization.
  • In 1987–97, science and engineering students accounted for 58% of college and university enrollments.
  • In 1987, a further breakup of large state-owned farms into private cooperatives was implemented.
  • In 1988, Algerian youth took to the streets and protested against the poor economic growth and slow political reforms.
  • In 1989, a new constitution was adopted that put an end to the one-party rule and saw the creation of more than fifty political parties, as well as official freedom of the press.
  • In 1989, Mauritania joined Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Morocco to form the Arab Maghreb Union.
  • In 1990 the money and credit law opened the way for substantial international participation in Algeria’s economy.
  • In 1990, a total of 325 vocational training schools were in operation and about 200,000 apprentices were in training.
  • In 1990, Algeria had 284 hospitals with 60,124 beds (2.4 per 1,000 people; as of 1999 this ratio had declined to an estimated 2.1).
  • In 1990, Algeria had 284 hospitals with 60,124 beds.
  • In 1990, Algeria hosted the 1990 Africa Cup of Nations for the first time and were strongly considered to win the competition.
  • In 1991, a political entity dominated by religious conservatives called the Islamic Salvation Front engaged in a political test of wills with the authorities.
  • In 1991, it was reported that since the inception of CNEG’s distance teaching programs, more than one million people had enrolled in the various courses and programs offered—including many females.
  • In 1991, many import restrictions were abolished, although foreign exchange and external credit access were still restricted.
  • In 1991, the staff included an American principal, 14 full-time and three part-time teachers, a secretary, and classroom aides.
  • In 1992, the military removed the government and appointed a former leader in the FLN, Mohamed Boudiaf, the chairman of the high council of state, which made him head of the acting government.
  • In 1994 it appointed a retired general, Liamine Zeroual, to the presidency.
  • In 1994, after Morocco accused Algeria of being complicit in a bombing in Marrakesh and deported a majority of Algerians in the country, Algeria closed its border indefinitely.
  • In 1994, Liamine Zeroual, former Minister of Defense, was appointed Head of State by the High Council of State for a 3-year term.
  • In 1994, Liamine Zeroual, former Minister of Defense, was appointed Head of State by the High Council of State for a three-year term.
  • In 1994, the terrorist Armed Islamic Group – GIA declared its intention to eliminate Jews from Algeria; thus far, no attacks have been reported against the Algerian Jewish community.4 Following the announcement, many Jews left Algeria and the single remaining synagogue was abandoned.5 All other synagogues had previously been taken over for use as mosques.
  • In 1995, Algeria signed a three-year program for debt rescheduling with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and rescheduled $13 billion of debt with the Paris Club.
  • In 1995, the Algerian government set up the National Agency of Investment Development (Agence de Promotion, de Soutien, et de Suivi des Investissements—APSI) and regional investment promotion agencies to serve as a network of regional one-stop shops to eliminate layers of bureaucracy for investors.
  • In 1995, the government approved a framework for the privatization and restructuring of public sector enterprises.
  • In 1995, the government created the High Commission for Berber Affairs to protect and promote Berber language and culture.
  • In 1995, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) started the repatriation of the Tuareg refugees back to Mali and Niger.
  • In 1995-1996, a total of 347,410 students enrolled in higher education.
  • In 1996, Algeria returned to African Cup of Nations, but were eliminated by hosts South Africa in the quarter-finals.
  • In 1996, Algeria signed a nuclear cooperative agreement with China, which built the two nuclear reactors in Algeria.
  • In 1996, APSI approved 50 foreign investment projects, including American (2), French (16), Italian (11), Spanish (8), and German (4) investors.
  • In 1996, the total enrollment at primary and secondary
    schools was equivalent to 86 percent of the school age population (89 percent of the boys, 82 percent of the girls).
  • In 1997, 60 percent of the population was urban, an increase of 29 percent from 1966, but the trend toward rural-urban migration is believed to have leveled off.
  • In 1997, the banking industry of Algeria included one Central Bank (Banque d’Algerie), six state-owned banks, one public development bank and one private bank (Union Bank, concentrating on merchant banking since 1995).
  • In 1998, five new private banks opened, including one US-based bank.
  • In 1998, local commercial banks cut interest rates on loans to between 10% and 12.5%, down from a range of 18.5–23.5% in 1996.
  • In 1998, Sonatrach issued bonds for the first time, showing the regime’s loosening hold on the state-run enterprise.
  • In 1998, the government launched an anti-corruption drive, which resulted in as many as 2,000 public officials being prosecuted or awaiting trial on charges ranging from petty crime to grand larceny.
  • In 1998, the World Bank offered the nation a loan of us$150 million for a 10-year program to improve and create low-income urban housing, thus eliminating urban slums.
  • In 1998, Trust-Algeria, the International Company of Insurance and Reinsurance, and Algerian Insurance were approved as Algerian Insurance Companies.
  • In 1998, Zeroual announced he would step down as president before his term ended.
  • In 1999 however, a degree of optimism was seen regarding Algeria’s economic prospects, thanks to rising petroleum prices, and hopes that a return to domestic political stability would attract foreign investment and form the basis for sustained growth.
  • In 1999 that surplus reached $4.4 billion on exports of $13.7 billion and imports of $9.3 billion.
  • In 1999, Italy—Algeria’s largest trade
  • In 1999, Mauritania became only the third Arab League state to establish full diplomatic relations with Israel.
  • In 1999, the country had 1 Internet service provider.
  • In 1999, the government granted FIS members amnesty and eventually the group disbanded.
  • In 1999, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved a US$57 million enhanced structural adjustment loan to support its program.
  • In 1999, thirteen Mauritanians and Malians were killed in a border clash, prompting the establishment of a special Mauritanian-Malian-Senegalese police coordination program force to provide greater border security.
  • In 2000 Algeria was the world’s second-largest exporter of liquefied natural gas (LNG); its exports, which went mainly to Western Europe, accounted for 19% of the world’s total.
  • In 2000, 94% of the population had access to adequate sanitation.
  • In 2000, about 0.9% of the land was forested.
  • In 2000, Algeria’s birth rate stood at 23.14 per 1,000, while the death rate was reported at 5.3 per 1,000.
  • In 2000, Algeria’s labor force was estimated at 9.1 million, up 2.7 million since 1995.
  • In 2000, Blida’s population was estimated at 165,000.
  • In 2000, inflows increased to $9.2 million and then, in 2001, to $30 million.
  • In 2000, Islamic fundamentalists existed as a weakened underground movement on the campuses.
  • In 2000, literacy rates ranged from 62 to 72 percent (males, 73 to 80 percent; females, 43 to 63 percent).
  • In 2000, the government launched a major review of the country’s educational system and in 2004 efforts to reform the educational system began.
  • In 2000, the government launched a major review of the country’s educational system and in 2004 efforts to reform the educational system began.
  • In 2000, the government launched a major review of the country’s educational system.
  • In 2000, the government proposed allowing foreign investors to develop mineral deposits held by the national mining companies.
  • In 2000, the population numbered 31,193,917 people, with 35 percent aged 0 to 14 years, 61 percent aged 15 to 64 years, and 4 percent older than 64.
  • In 2001 (the latest year for which data was available), the state insurer, Société Algérienne d’Assurance (SAA) was the top nonlife and life insurer, with gross written premiums of $81.3 million and $6.4 million, respectively.
  • In 2001 violence by Islamic militants was again on the rise, and the long-disaffected Berber minority engaged in several large-scale protests.
  • In 2001, Algeria concluded an Association Agreement with the European Union, which was ratified in 2005 by both Algeria and the EU and took effect in September of that same year.
  • In 2001, Algeria signed an Association Agreement with the European Union.
  • In 2001, Algeria signed an Association Agreement with the European Union; it has started accession negotiations for entry into the World Trade Organization.
  • In 2001, Algeria was the recipient of a grant under a new U.S.
  • In 2001, Algeria’s total LNG export capacity amounted to over 6 billion cu m (212 billion cu ft) per year.
  • In 2001, Berber activists in the Kabylie region of the country, reacting to the death of a youth in gendarme custody, unleashed a resistance campaign against what they saw as government repression.
  • In 2001, Sonatrach undertook a feasibility study on another natural gas pipeline under the Mediterranean to Sicily, the Italian mainland, and southern France; the project could come on-stream by 2008.
  • In 2001, the 37th summit of the OAU formally adopted the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) to address the challenges facing the continent.
  • In 2001, the 37th summit of the OAU formally adopted the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) to address the challenges facing the continent.
  • In 2001, the government amended the Penal Code provisions relating to defamation and slander, a step widely viewed as an effort to rein in the press.
  • In 2001, the government signed an Association Treaty with the European Union that will eventually lower tariffs and increase trade.
  • In 2002 there were 104,000 km (64,625 mi) of roads, of which about 71,656 km (44,527 mi) were paved, including 640 km (398 mi) of expressways.
  • In 2002, Algeria entered into an Association Agreement with the European Union (EU).
  • In 2002, Algeria’s high technology exports totaled $21 million, 4% of the nation’s manufactured exports.
  • In 2002, nearly 7.6 million tons of cereals were imported.
  • In 2002, of some 7,720 km (4,797 mi) of roads, only 830 km (516 mi) were paved.
  • In 2002, there were 104,000 kilometers (64,625 miles) of roads, of which about 75% were paved.
  • In 2002, U.S.
  • In 2003, French president Jacques Chirac visited Algiers, the first state visit by a French president since Algeria won independence in 1962.
  • In 2003, the country still needed 1.5 million housing units.
  • In 2003, their exports were valued at more than 90% of total exports, and around 30% of gross domestic product (GDP).
  • In 2003, there were 372,300 passenger cars and 528,000 commercial vehicles.
  • In 2003, there were an estimated 244 radios and 114 television sets for every 1,000 people.
  • In 2003, there were an estimated 69 mainline telephones for every 1,000 people; about 727,000 people were on a waiting list for telephone service installation.
  • In 2003, there were approximately one million internally displaced persons (IDP) within the country.
  • In 2003, total direct premiums written came to $399 million, of which nonlife premiums totaled $384 million.
  • In 2003, USNAEP programs were rolled over into Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) activities, which provide funding for political and economic development programs in Algeria.
  • In 2003, USNAEP programs were rolled over into Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) activities, which provided $3.5 million for political and economic development programs in Algeria.
  • In 2003, USNAEP programs were rolled over into Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) activities.
  • In 2004 medical personnel numbered 84.6 doctors and 297.8 nurses per 100,000 people.
  • In 2004 there were an estimated 18,700,000 sheep, 3,200,000 goats, 1,560,000 head of cattle, 245,000 camels, 170,000 donkeys, 44,000 horses, and 43,000 mules.
  • In 2004, Algeria was again the recipient of a grant under the Ambassadors’ Fund for Cultural Preservation.
  • In 2004, Algeria was again the recipient of a grant under the Ambassadors’ Fund for Cultural Preservation.
  • In 2004, Algeria’s nationally owned railroad had about 3,973 kilometers (2,471 miles) of track.
  • In 2004, Algeria’s nationally owned railroad had about 3,973 km (2,471 mi) of track, which consisted of 2,888 km (1,796 mi) of standard gauge right of way (283 km electrified), and 1,085 km (675 mi) of narrow gauge track.
  • In 2004, Greece received 7,375 applications for asylum, as compared to 4,367 in 1997.
  • In 2004, medical personnel included 84.6 doctors and 297.8 nurses for every 100,000 people.
  • In 2004, oil production totaled an estimated 6,411 barrels per day, of which crude oil accounted for 2,836 barrels per day, from reserves estimated at 7 million barrels, as of 1 January 2005.
  • In 2004, terrorists also committed numerous abuses in the continuing insurgency.
  • In 2004, the government announced a $55 billion spending program to improve national infrastructure and social services.
  • In 2004, the government announced a $55 billion spending program to improve national infrastructure and social services; subsequent announcements have increased the proposed program to $120 billion.
  • In 2004, the main countries in which over 9,700 Algerians sought asylum were France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Belgium and Germany.
  • In 2004, there were an estimated 18.7 million sheep, 3.2 million goats, 1.56 million head of cattle, 245,000 camels, 170,000 donkeys, 44,000 horses, and 43,000 mules.
  • In 2004, U.S.
  • In 2005–06, the outlook for the current account remained strong.
  • In 2005, agriculture contributed approximately 10% to the gross domestic product (GDP).
  • In 2005, Algeria’s gross domestic product (GDP) was $237 billion, or an estimated $7,300 per person.
  • In 2005, approximately 5% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 31% of the population under 15 years of age.
  • In 2005, the Algerian parliament adopted a new law to further liberalize the hydrocarbons sector.
  • In 2005, the estimated workforce stood at 10.1 million.
  • In 2005, the National Library (Bibliothèque nationale d’Algérie) had seven annex locations to supplement its main location in Algiers.
  • In 2005, the net migration rate for Algeria was estimated at about -0.4 migrants per 1,000 population.
  • In 2005, there were 165,000 refugees from Western Sahara in the Tindouf region of southwestern Algeria.
  • In 2005, U.S.
  • In 2006, Algeria was again the recipient of a grant under the Ambassadors’ Fund for Cultural Preservation.
  • In 2006, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) rose to prominence in Algeria, and joined forces with Al-Qaeda.
  • In 2006, U.S.
  • In 2007, they killed 30 people and wounded 150 with two car bombs in Algiers.
  • In 2010, the 50th anniversary of Camus’ death in a car accident in France, a committee of intellectuals organized an event they called a “Camus Caravan”—readings in seven Algerian cities.
  • In 2010–2011 massive protests swept the region leading to the overthrow of the governments in Tunisia and Egypt, as well as civil war in Libya.
  • In 2011, protests and riots influenced by the Arab Spring erupted due to these unaddressed problems coupled with a sharp increase in the cost of living.
  • In 2012, the power company Asea Brown Boveri (ABB) in partnership with the Hyflux Corporation began to supply electricity and technology to the Magtaa Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plant in Oran, located in northwest Algeria.
  • In 2015, Algeria’s Islamist parties remained largely powerless.
  • In 2015, Islamist terrorists targeted tourists in Tunisia.
  • In 2017 while a presidential candidate, Mr Macron described colonialism as a “war crime” that would be prosecuted nowadays but later fell short of the apology Algerians have
    been demanding.
  • In 2017, based on his length of time in the industry, influence on pop culture and social media following, Diab earned the top position in Forbes’ Magazine’s new Arab Celebrity 100 list.
  • In 2018, Algeria expelled over 20,000 migrants from its borders, placing it at odds with peers on all fronts: African neighbors resented being stuck with the refouled refugees, European neighbors called for even stricter controls on migration across the Mediterranean Sea, and international human rights watchdogs have loudly opposed them.
  • In 2019, Algeria GDP was an estimated $172.8 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 0.7%; and the population was 43 million.
  • In 2019, Algeria made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.
  • In 2019, criminal law enforcement agencies in Algeria took actions to combat child labor (Table 7).
  • In 2019, labor law enforcement agencies in Algeria took actions to combat child labor (Table 6).
  • In 2019, the ILO conducted a workshop in partnership with the government for approximately 30 Algerian labor inspectors.
  • In 2020, the central bank lowered the reserve requirement ratio.
  • In the 1890s, the French administration and military in Algiers called for the annexation of the Touat, the Gourara and the Tidikelt,[54] a complex that had been part of the Moroccan Empire for many centuries prior to the arrival of the French in Algeria.[55][citation needed] The first years of the 20th century saw major diplomatic efforts by European powers, especially France, to further its interests in the region.[56]
  • In the 1950s, natural gas was found in the east, near the Libyan border, and at Hassi R’Mel in the Sahara.
  • In the 1970s, massive efforts to reduce illiteracy resulted in vast improvements, as nominal literacy rose steadily, reaching 48.6 percent in 1985 (62.7 percent male, 35.0 percent female) and 57.4 percent in 1991 (69.8 percent male, 45.5 percent female).
  • In the 1980s, decentralization was emphasized, with over 90 state corporations split into 300 specialized units.
  • On 1956, in Tunis, Tunisia, was formed the first team to represent Algeria, the Armée de Libération Nationale (ALN) team by Ahmed Benelfoul and Habib Draoua.[9][10] The team was approuved by the FLN on May 1957 and was mannaged by Salah Saidou and the player Abdelkader Zerrar was the captain.[11] The first game was played on 1st June 1957 against Tunisia in the Stade Chedly Zouiten.
  • On 3 March 2003, French president Jacques Chirac visited Algiers, the first state visit by a French president since Algeria won independence in 1962.
  • On 5 August 1979, Mauritania formally relinquished its portion of the disputed territory, except for the military base of LaGuera, near Nouadhibou.
  • On 5 July Gabon gained another impressive victory, beating Rwanda 3–0.
  • On 8 April 2004 a presidential election took place.
  • On 8 August, police in the camps held citizen journalist Mahmoud Zeidan for 24 hours, interrogating him about posts he published online that criticized the way camp authorities handled COVID-19 aid distribution.
  • On 9 July they faced Group A winners the Congo, and were narrowly beaten 1–0.