Overview of Bangladesh
Bangladesh sought admission in the UN with most voting in its favour, but China vetoed this as Pakistan was its key ally. The United States, also a key ally of Pakistan, was one of the last nations to accord Bangladesh recognition. To ensure a smooth transition, in 1972 the Simla Agreement was signed between India and Pakistan.
Bangladesh officially came into existence in 1971 when Bengali-speaking Muslim-majority East Pakistan was allocated as a Pakistani colony seceded from its Union with Punjabi dominated populous West Pakistan after a 9 month bloody civil war between the former countrymen.
Bangladeshis (then East Pakistanis) were initially agitated by a decision by the Central Pakistan Government to establish Urdu, a minority language spoken only by the supposed elite class of West Pakistan, as the sole national language for all of Pakistan.
Bangladesh’s The Daily Star published 579 articles related to maternal health from 1 January 2008 to 31 March 2013, compared to 342 in Rwanda’s The New Times/The Sunday Times and 253 in South Africa’s Sunday Times/The Times over the same time period.
Bangladesh and Pakistan both indicate “a willingness to strengthen relations,” Kugelman told DW, adding that Pakistan has been turning to its neighbors in the hopes of increased regional interconnectivity and economic activity.
Bangladesh, mostly low-lying and at the confluence of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra rivers, is prone to seasonal flooding, landslides, and cyclones, making it one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to the effects of climate change.
Bangladesh was part of the ancient Silk Road which primarily consisted of land routes and road networks connecting East Asia and Southeast Asia with South Asia, Persia, the Arabian Peninsula, East Africa and Southern Europe.
Bangladesh – English中国 – 简体中文Hong Kong – EnglishIndia – EnglishIndonesia – English日本 – 日本語대한민국 – 한국어Malaysia – EnglishPhilippines – EnglishSingapore – EnglishThailand – EnglishVietnam – English
Bangladesh has a few of the largest shopping malls in the world, especially the ones located in Dhaka City, like Jamuna Future Park and Bashundhara City Shopping Complex located in Panthapath.
Bangladesh will start a two-Test tour of Sri Lanka this month despite renewed coronavirus restrictions at home, Sri Lankan cricket chief Arjuna de Silva said on Wednesday.
Bangladesh has a rich tradition of folk songs, with lyrics rooted in vibrant tradition spirituality, mysticism, devotion.Lyricists like Lalon Shah, Hason Raja, Kangal Harinath, Romesh Shill, Abbas Uddin, many unknown anonymous lyricists have enriched the tradition of folk songs of Bangladesh.Several dancing styles in vogue in the northeastern part of the Indian subcontinent, like Manipuri Santhali dances, are practiced, but Bangladesh has developed its own distinct dancing styles.Such folk songs revolve around other themes, including love.The most prevalent folk songs music traditions include Bhatiali, Baul, Marfati, Murshidi, Bhawaiya.
(14) In January 2019, Rapid Action Battalion units arrested an Armed Police Battalion officer on charges of forcing two 12-year old girls into prostitution.(14,50) However, the government subsequently denied the case.(14,91,92) However, sources indicate that some border guards, police, and military members are involved in facilitating the trafficking of children, including into prostitution.(56)(56) In particular, in 2018 two border guards were accused of raping two girls after they refused to engage in commercial sex while a third border guard stood watch.(56,110) The guards’ commanding officer dismissed the allegations as “rumors” and NGO personnel were prevented from visiting the girls in the hospital.In 2019, the Bangladesh Army and Rapid Action Battalion were deployed to assist in identifying and investigating violations related to the possible trafficking of Rohingya refugees, a population with children vulnerable to child labor and commercial sexual exploitation.In registered brothels, some police accepted bribes to not check documentation that workers were older than 18 and to procure falsified documents for workers, some as young as ten years old.
Bangladesh is the world’s most densely populated country, with 161 million people living in a land area roughly the size of Iowa.In addition to population growth, urbanization and natural resource depletion have led to the degradation of Bangladesh’s land and bodies of water, which poses a great threat to its agriculture sector.In Bangladesh, Feed the Future targets areas vulnerable to water scarcity, rising sea levels, extreme shocks and changing weather patterns to maximize impact and strengthen resilience.Poverty, lack of access to agricultural land and poor eating habits contribute to some of the highest rates of undernutrition and child stunting in the world.
What can I do to avoid bed bugs?
Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.
What is happening in Bangladesh?
MSF remains one of the main providers of medical humanitarian assistance to the stateless Rohingya, approximately one million of whom live in the largest refugee camp in the world, in Cox’s Bazar.More than two years since the initial emergency, people still live in the same overcrowded and basic bamboo shelters, entirely dependent on aid and with little hope for the future.Outbreaks of waterborne and vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles, acute watery diarrhea and diphtheria, pose a serious ongoing threat.
Should Pakistan apologize to Bangladesh for the 1971 war?
Islamabad and Dhaka have signaled hopes to improve bilateral relations.But experts warn Pakistan must issue an apology for atrocities committed during Bangladesh’s war of independence for there to be any real progress.
Monsoon response ?
UNHCR rushed additional aid to Bangladesh to prepare refugees and host communities for the monsoon rains, which fall between May and September, increasing the risk of floods and landslides.Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees have found shelter in Cox’s Bazar district – one of the wettest areas of the country. Humanitarian partners estimate that up to 200,000 Rohingya refugees could be at risk during the monsoon season.Many live on rugged, undulating terrain prone to landslides and flooding and are in urgent need of relocation.
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Where Do the Rohingya Go After the Coup in Myanmar?
In the countrywide protests against the coup, nobody is talking about the future of the persecuted Rohingya minority.
It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.
What is UNHCR doing to help?
Together with our partners, we are working in support of the Bangladesh government to respond to the massive humanitarian needs.
History of Bangladesh
In 1206 the Delhi Sultanate was created.
In 1880 there was 1 Bigo family living in Kentucky.
In 1931, the East Bengal Cinematograph Society released the first full-length feature film in Bangladesh, titled the Last Kiss.
In 1952, the emerging middle classes of East Bengal underwent an uprising known later as the Bangla Language Movement.
In 1966, Mujib demanded that separate foreign exchange accounts be kept and that separate trade offices be opened overseas.
In 1970 Pakistan's first democratic elections since independence from British colonial rule, led to war, the break up of Pakistan and the creation of a new country, Bangladesh.
in 1970, Yahya Khan organised Pakistan’s first federal general election.
In 1971 it became the independent country of Bangladesh, with its capital at Dhaka.
In 1971, after the Liberation War, it became the capital of an independent Bangladesh.
In 1971, when Johnson and Kissinger saw a basket case, the infant mortality rate was 158.
In 1973 the Bangladeshi government announced an amnesty for them in exchange for Pakistani recognition.
In 1975, boat people from across the South China Sea in Vietnam started coming, and Malaysia became one of the most important places of first refuge for Indochinese refugees, but in general, only those of the Muslim Champa minority were invited to stay permanently.
In 1980, the Bangladesh population had grown to 90.4 million and similar rises have been recorded on a decade by decade basis ever since.
In 1988, Australia introduced its first polymer bank note and in 1996, Australia became the first country in the world to have a complete series of polymer notes.
In 1988, Islam was made the state religion.
In 1990 the proportion of elderly people was highest in Europe and lowest in sub Saharan Africa.
In 1994 Oman joined the International Labor Organization (ILO).
In 1994, manager Thawatchai Sartjakul assembled a team that has been denounced as the “dream team” with players like Kiatisuk Senamuang, Tawan Sripan and Dusit Chalermsan.
In 1995, they beat Brunei and the Philippines and two years later in the Jakarta SEA Games, they also beat Malaysia.
In 1998, flooding struck due to an unusual melt-off of Himalayan glaciers, covering two-thirds of Bangladesh with floodwater, and in 2017, hundreds of villages were submerged, and tens of thousands of people were displaced by two months of monsoon flooding.
In 1998, Hasina hosted a rare and unprecedented trilateral economic summit in Dhaka with Prime Ministers Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan and I.
In 2002, Pakistan participated in their second Asian Test Championship.
In 2002, some News media claimed that after the contribution made by the Bangladesh UN Peacekeeping Force in the Sierra Leone Civil War under the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone, the government of Ahmad Tejan Kabbah declared Bengali an honorary official language in December 2002. But this information is not supported by any official declaration from Sierra Leone.
In 2004, captain Heath Streak was sacked by the ZCU (now Zimbabwe Cricket), prompting a walkout by 14 other players in protest against political influence in the team’s management and selection policies.
In 2006, Yunus received the Nobel Peace Prize for his innovation.
In 2007 the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC) proposed two 500 MWe nuclear reactors for Rooppur by 2015, quoting likely costs of US$ 0.9-1.2 billion for a 600 MWe unit and $1.5-2.0 billion for 1000 MWe.
In 2007, 22% of primary school children in England were from ethnic minority families, and in 2011 that figure was 26.5%.
In 2008, U.S.
In 2010, the Bangladesh Supreme Court reaffirmed the principle of separation of mosque and state in the constitution, although Islam remains the state religion. The government generally respects freedom of religion and ensures protection for minorities. Another debate on national identity concerns attitudes towards the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
In 2010, the Supreme Court of Bangladesh reaffirmed secularism as a fundamental principle in the constitution.
In 2012, OSSTEM IMPLANT has introduced number of new products, such as TSIII CA Fixture, TSIII BA Fixture, SmartBuilder, 123 Kit, and ESSET Kit GP-Implant is a professional and innovative company that manufacturers implants, prosthetic parts and tools with more than 15 years of experience in the dentistry field.
In 2013, approximately 208,000 foreign citizens were naturalised as British citizens, the highest number since records began in 1962.
In 2014, it was reported that only 7% of the city was covered by roads. The first phase of the Dhaka Metro is planned for opening in 2021, coinciding with the golden jubilee of Bangladesh’s independence.
In 2015 and 2016, Bangladesh saw increasing assassinations targeting minorities and secularists, including Hindus, Buddhists, Christians, Western and Asian expatriates, LGBT activists, Sufi Muslims, bloggers, publishers and atheists.
In 2015, 34% of Bangladeshis lived in cities. Dhaka is the largest city in Bangladesh and one of the world’s most populous megacities.
In 2015, Bangladesh expressly declared that using cryptocurrencies was a “punishable offence.” Authorities have been on the hunt for illegal bitcoin traders in the country.
In 2015, Misbah signed by Rangpur Riders to play in the third edition of the Bangladesh Premier League.
In 2016, China's SEPCOIII Electric Power Construction signed a deal with S Alam Group, a Bangladeshi conglomerate responsible for construction work at the site.
In 2016, China’s SEPCOIII Electric Power Construction signed a deal with S Alam Group, a Bangladeshi conglomerate responsible for construction at the site.
In 2017 the country faced fresh challenge from incoming Rohingya refugees.
In 2017, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fled to neighboring Bangladesh due to a military crackdown after a series of deadly attacks on police stations in the state of Rakhine.
In 2018, India alone had estimated 120,000 new patients diagnosed, of which about 72,000 patients died .
In 2018-19, the Secretariat helped 6 young people from Bangladesh build understanding on terrorist propaganda.
In 2019, Bangladesh made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.
In 2019, criminal law enforcement agencies in Bangladesh took actions to combat child labor (Table 7).
In 2019, Feed the Future’s partnerships with 29 private companies mobilized nearly $900,000 to develop improved inputs, like seeds, and financial and extension services, which benefited over 65,000 farmers.
In 2019, labor law enforcement agencies in Bangladesh took actions to combat child labor (Table 6).
In 2019, the Bangladesh Army and Rapid Action Battalion were deployed to assist in identifying and investigating violations related to the possible trafficking of Rohingya refugees, a population with children vulnerable to child labor and commercial sexual exploitation.
In 2019, the program included research on forced child labor in the dried fish industry in Cox’s Bazar.
In 2020, the EU allocated €2.3 million to addressing urgent humanitarian needs in Bangladesh, where at least 5.4 million people were affected by cyclone Amphan and by massive monsoon floods.
In 2021, the European Union is providing €25 million in humanitarian aid in response to the Rohingya refugee crisis.
In the 1930s in Honduras, archaeologists discovered dental implants dating back to about 600 A.
In the 1980s, Dhaka saw the inauguration of the National Parliament House (which won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture), a new international airport and the Bangladesh National Museum.
On 4 August 2020, a massive explosion in the Port of Beirut resulted in the death of at least 203 people (with an additional three missing) and the wounding of more than 6,500.
On 7 March 1971, Awami League leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman addressed a massive public gathering at the Ramna Race Course Maidan in Dhaka, in which he warned of an independence struggle. Subsequently, East Pakistan came under a non-co-operation movement against the Pakistani state.
On 8 August 2011, Zimbabwe recorded a resounding victory in the one Test match series over Bangladesh, played in Harare.
On 9 March, 2021 Swedish Prime Minister, Löfven, and Spanish Prime Minister, Sanchez, hosted a meeting with the Heads of State and Governments of Costa Rica, Ethiopia, New Zealand, South Africa, representative from Bangladesh, Canada, Jordan, South Korea and Tunisia together with United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres.