Overview of Botswana
Botswana’s vast stock of natural resources — a combination of minerals, energy, protected areas, crops, pastureland and non-timber forest products — account for one-third of the country’s total wealth and underpin many important contributions that drive the economy which include nature-based tourism, mining and agricultural activities.
Botswana has in turn put in place plans to become a net exporter of power to the regional pool, through governmental expansion of the Morupule power station, as well as encouraging private investment in the form of a 4 gigawatt power station by the Canadian Greenfield company CIC Energy.
Botswana’s newest National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS includes mention of programmes for key populations, but most of these programmes are currently picked up by external donors 5 In 2013, HIV prevention programmes were reaching only 44.9% of these key affected populations.6
Botswana’s authorities must lift the suspension of four High Court judges unfairly targeted if the independence of the judiciary is to be preserved, said Amnesty International and SADC Lawyers’ Association today following a High Court decision yesterday not to reinstate them.
Botswana’s post advises that it’s suspending all international mail operations, including acceptance and processing of all inbound and outbound mail, from April 2 through April 30, or any other date announced, in compliance with a government lockdown.
Botswana’s national strategic HIV response aims to reduce these inequalities, focusing on the provision of psychosocial services for young women, female economic empowerment and greater focus on effective HIV prevention programmes for secondary school girls.15
Botswana has been a stable representative democracy since independence and has been largely devoid of the racial and ethnic conflict a few of its neighbours have suffered from — perhaps due in part to the relative dominance of its majority Tswana ethnic group.
Botswana is known for its superb luxury camps and its policy of low impact tourism: the country limits the number of people staying in conservation areas, which means that a safari in the country seems to be relatively expensive.
Botswana produced a total over 30 million carats (6,000 kg) of diamonds (about 25% of worldwide production) from the three Debswana mines in 1999, and is the highest producer of diamonds by value in the world.
Botswana President Mokgweetsi Masisi has appointed trade minister Peggy Serame to the position of finance minister, replacing Thapelo Matsheka, the president's office said late on Friday.
In contrast to the sad situation of its eastern neighbour, Zimbabwe, kleptocracy has been absent and Botswana now also has the second highest Human Development Index of all continental Sub-Saharan African countries.One of the poorest countries at independence, Botswana transformed itself into one of the fastest-growing economies in the world with a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about USD14,000 per annum.
To address this funding shortfall, in 2015 Botswana produced a national HIV investment framework that promotes effective, efficient and sustainable investments in their HIV responses by targeting specific locations and populations.83 Although a shift to greater domestic funding is challenging, it can also bring more sustainable resourcing for health and HIV.
Botswana has a 90-member American Business Council that accepts membership from American-affiliated companies.corporations, such as H.J.Heinz and AON Corporation, are present through direct investments, while others, such as Kentucky Fried Chicken and Remax, are present via franchise.investment in Botswana remains at relatively low levels but continues to grow.Major U.S.The sovereign credit ratings by Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s clearly indicate that, despite continued challenges such as small market size, landlocked location, and cumbersome bureaucratic processes, Botswana remains one of the best investment opportunities in the developing world.U.S.
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What can I do to avoid bed bugs?
Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.
When is the best time to visit Botswana?
Botswana has two seasons: it has a hot, wet summer and a cooler, dry winter.The presence or absence of water governs wildlife viewing.This obviously affects the peak and off-peak seasons.The best time to visit Chobe and the Okavango Delta on a Botswana safari is during the Southern African winter, which is from May to October.You should experience cool mornings with pleasantly warm days.Rainfall is non-existent and there are no bugs.It is a time you see the movement of herds while animals search for water and it is the best time to see them by boat cruise safari.Elephant herds make a boat cruise here not to be missed.
History of Botswana
In 1885, Britain established the area as a protectorate, then known as Bechuanaland.
In 1888, Northern and Southern Rhodesia (now Zambia and Zimbabwe) were proclaimed a British sphere of influence.
In 1953 Southern Rhodesia was joined with the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the Central African Federation, but this dissolved in 1963, and Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland became independent as Zambia and Malawi in 1964.
In 1961, Britain granted a constitution to the country.
In 1961, South Africa left the Commonwealth of Nations (whose members were strongly critical of South Africa’s apartheid policies) and became a republic.
In 1964 the Three Chiefs went back to the UK and told the Queen that they did not need the protection any more.
In 1965 Smith issued a Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the UK.
In 1965, the capital of the Bechuanaland Protectorate moved from Mafeking to Gaberones. When Botswana gained its independence, Lobatse was the first choice as the nation’s capital. However, Lobatse was deemed too limited, and instead, a new capital city would be created next to Gaberones. The city was chosen because of its proximity to a fresh water source, its proximity to the railway to Pretoria, its central location among the central tribes, and its lack of association with those surrounding tribes.
In 1966 the UN Security Council imposed mandatory economic sanctions on Rhodesia.
In 1966, Prime Minister Verwoerd was assassinated by a discontented white government employee.
In 1969 DeBeers created a partnership with the Botswana government to create the company Debswana.
In 1971, because of the growth of illegal settlements, the Gaborone Town Council and the Ministry of Local Government and Lands surveyed an area called Bontleng, which would contain low-income housing.
In 1973, the Botswana Housing Corporation (BHC) built a “New Naledi” across the road from the “Old Naledi”.
In 1977, attacks from Rhodesian and South African forces led to the Botswana Defense Force being created.
In 1977, the Western Contact Group (WCG) was formed including Canada, France, West Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
In 1982, Zimbabwe was chosen by the Organization of African Unity to hold one of the nonpermanent seats in the UN Security Council, and in 1986, Zimbabwe was the site of the Nonaligned Movement summit meeting, and Mr.
In 1986, the population totaled 7 million with an annual growth rate of 3.7%.
In 1988, as apartheid started to wind down, Lesotho hosted some 4,000 refugees from South Africa, while there were 7,000 in Swaziland and several thousands in Botswana.
In 1994, the
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) won 27 of 40 contested National Assembly
seats and the
Botswana National Front (BNF) won 13.
In 1994-95, non-traditional sectors of the economy grew
at over 5%,
partially offsetting a slight decline in the minerals sector.
In 1997, Mokhehle remained prime minister as he broke from the BCP and founded the Lesotho Congress for Democracy party (LCD), reducing the BCP to the opposition.
In 1997, the St.
In 1998–99, non-mineral sectors of the economy grew at 8.9%, partially offsetting a slight 4.4% decline in the minerals sector.
In 1999, the nation suffered its first budget deficit in 16 years because of a slump in the international diamond market.
In 2001, Botswana had the highest rate of HIV infection in the world (350,000 of its 1.6 million people).
In 2002, Mosisili was reelected under a revised political system that gave opposition parties a larger role in Parliament.
In 2004 Botswana was once again assigned “A” grade credit ratings by Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s.
In 2004 the government introduced routine HIV testing, with tests being offered as a part of routine health check-ups in public and private clinics in Botswana.
In 2004, Botswana’s agricultural imports (primarily cereals) exceeded agricultural exports by $102.5 million.
In 2008, Australia’s Kimberley Diamond Company opened a mine in Lerala, Botswana’s fifth mine and the first not operated by Debswana. However, Kimberley shut down the mine in May 2017, citing weak market conditions.
In 2008, Sir Seretse Khama International Airport handled 15,844 aircraft movements, second only to Maun Airport (ICAO code: FMBN IATA code: MUB) Air traffic in Gaborone has decreased since 2006.
In 2010, South Africa hosted the first Football World Cup to be held on the African continent.
In 2011, the Bushmen won access through the courts for the right to return to their lands and access to water.
In 2012, CIC Energy was acquired by India’s Jindal Steel and Power.
In 2013 several policies were introduced to reduce discrimination in access to healthcare services.
In 2014 the Botswana Network of People Living with HIV and partners conducted a study of 1,231 people with HIV.
In 2014, 315,185 people aged 15 years and older had received HIV testing and counselling (HTC) during the past 12 months and knew their results, with more women testing than men.29
In 2014, 636 public health facilities and 32 civil society facilities were providing HTC.
In 2014, for the second year in a row, President Khama highlighted the importance of NCA to Botswana’s economic development in his annual State-of-the-Nation address.
In 2016, in line with World Health Organization treatment guidelines, Botswana launched a ‘treat all’ strategy.
In 2019, Botswana GDP was an estimated $18.7 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 3.0%; and the population was 2 million.
In 2020, the central bank eased rules to meet capital requirements and introduced measures to increase liquidity.
In the 1960s there were international attempts to wrest South West Africa from South Africa’s control, but South Africa tenaciously maintained its hold on the territory.
In the 1970s and 1980s, and particularly after the 1976 Soweto Youth uprising, the small kingdom – along with Botswana and Swaziland – became a safe haven for political opponents, some of them later joining the African National Congress (ANC) leadership in exile, in Tanzania or Zambia.
On 7 June, they lost a home friendly 2–1 to Mauritius.