Overview of Brazil

  • Brazilians make a dessert called canjica by boiling corn kernels in sweetened milk.In the Americas and the United Kingdom, many people like to boil, grill, or roast whole ears of corn and simply eat the kernels off the cob.
  • Brazil has not accepted the Additional Protocol in relation to its safeguards agreements with the IAEA on the principled basis that the international system promotes non-proliferation rather than the more fundamental question of nuclear disarmament, and practically because its application to the submarine program is unclear and because it could cut across ABACC (Argentina also has not signed the Additional Protocol).
  • Brazil was a colony of Portugal until the early 19th century and during this century and the early 20th century had mixed rules, with a few regions still on LHT, switching these remaining regions to RHT in 1928, the same year Portugal switched sides.[63] Other Central and South American countries that later switched from LHT to RHT include Argentina, Chile, Panama,[64] Paraguay,[65] and Uruguay.
  • Brazil has more than 12,700,000 cases and 320,000 deaths; India has over 12,200,000 cases; France has over 4,700,000 cases; Russia and England have over 4,300,000 cases; Italy has more than 3,600,000, Turkey has over 3,300,000 cases, Spain has over 3,200,000 cases; Germany has more than 2,800,000 cases; Columbia has 2,400,000 cases; Poland and Argentina have over 2,300,000 and Mexico has over 2,200,000 cases.
  • Brazil’s financing of the US$19 billion Itaipú Dam on the Paraná River between Paraguay and Brazil had far-reaching consequences for Paraguay; it had no means of contributing financially to the construction, but its cooperation, including controversial concessions regarding ownership of the construction site and the rates for which Paraguay agreed to sell its share of the electricity, was essential.
  • Brazil is the second worst-hit country in terms of deaths related to coronavirus disease (Covid-19) and a team of public health experts warned this week that the Latin American nation could be head for even worse times because of a “dangerous combination of inaction and wrongdoing.” Brazil has so far reported more than 368,000 deaths related to Covid-19, according to Johns Hopkins University.
  • Brazil faces the Atlantic Ocean along 4,600 miles (7,400 km) of coastline and shares more than 9,750 miles (15,700 km) of inland borders with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador—specifically, Uruguay to the south; Argentina, Paraguay, and Bolivia to the southwest; Peru to the west; Colombia to the northwest; and Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana to the north.
  • Brazil is a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) since 1998 as a non-nuclear-weapon state (it signed in 1995), but has been a party to the Tlatelolco Treaty since 1967f. Its reservations on the NPT were that it did not exempt peaceful nuclear explosions for civil engineering, and it was weak on global disarmament.
  • Brazil Air Pass
    If you inseem to visit various cities within Brazil, you should consider getting a Brazil Air Pass, offered by TAM or Gol— you purchase between 4 and 9 flight tickets which can be used at any time for any destination within Brazil served by the airline.
  • Brazil's Carolina Meligeni Alves took the tie into a deciding doubles with a win over Katarzyna Kawa but the Poles prevailed 3-2 as Kawa and Magdalena Frech came back from a set down to beat Meligeni Alves and Luisa Stefani.
  • Continent

    Americans are the people from all the countries inside the continent (from Canada to Argentina).Brazil is the original and true “America”, if one want’s to be tight, but it was just the name used for the entire “New World”.In italian USA citizens are called “statunitensi”.The term “America” was being used some 200+ years before the founding of the USA, and the first ever map drawn of the American continent had the term “America” slapped on Brazil.


    For example, only 19% of men who have sex with men surveyed by Brazil’s Ministry of Health in 2013 reported being tested for HIV in the last 12 months and knowing their results.36 Factors that prevent people from key population groups from testing include fear of discriminatory treatment from health care workers and fear of discrimination if they test positive for HIV.37However HIV testing among key populations remains low.


    Another good reason for buying clothes and shoes in Brazil is that the quality is usually good and the prices often cheap.Brazilians have their own sense of style and that makes tourists – especially those in Hawaiian shirts or sandals with socks – stand out in the crowd.Have some fun shopping, and blend in.However, this does not apply to any foreign brand as imports are burdened by high import taxes – therefore, do not expect to find any good prices on brands like Diesel, Levi’s, Tommy Hilfiger, etc.It will make you less obvious as a tourist, and give you months of satisfied gloating back home about the great bargains you got whenever you are complimented on your clothing.It’s not a bad idea to pack light and acquire a Brazilian wardrobe within a couple of days of arrival.To figure your Brazilian trousers size, measure your waist in centimeters, divide by 2, and round up to the next even number.

    Brazil: Daily confirmed cases: how do they compare to other countries?

    Differences in the population size between different countries are often large.To compare countries, it is insightful to look at the number of confirmed cases per million people – this is what the chart shows.

    Brazil: Cumulative confirmed cases: how do they compare to other countries?

    This chart shows the cumulative number of confirmed cases per million people.

    Brazil: Global deaths in comparison: how are deaths changing across the world?

    In our page on COVID-19 deaths, we provide maps and tables on how the number and change in deaths compare across the world.

    Brazil: Cumulative confirmed deaths: how do they compare to other countries?

    This chart shows the cumulative number of confirmed deaths per million people.

    Brazil: Global cases in comparison: how are cases changing across the world?

    In our page on COVID-19 cases, we provide maps and tables on how the number and change in cases compare across the world.

    Are you sure?

    Verified reviews are considered more trustworthy by fellow moviegoers.



    What is important to note about these case figures?

    → We provide more detail on these points in our page on Cases of COVID-19.

    Heaviest Brazil ever?

    Some waves were made to be ridden, some not so much.Brazil’s freak-of-nature novelty slab, called “Shock,” hovers somewhere right on the border.

    Brazil: How did confirmed deaths and cases change over time?

    So far we’ve focused on confirmed deaths and on confirmed cases.

    Brazil: Global vaccinations in comparison: which countries are vaccinating most rapidly?

    In our page on COVID-19 vaccinations, we provide maps and charts on how the number of people vaccinated compares across the world.

    Have the billionaires and bankers had enough of Bolsonaro?

    Five hundred businessmen and bankers tell Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro to take action to control the pandemic.

    Why is this happening?

    Experts say the sheer number of Covid cases in the country – the second-highest number in the world – have increased the likelihood that Brazil's babies and young children are affected.

    What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

    Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.

    What does the data on deaths and cases tell us about the mortality risk of COVID-19?

    To understand the risks and respond appropriately we would also want to know the mortality risk of COVID-19 – the likelihood that someone who is infected with the disease will die from it.

    How have countries responded to the pandemic?

    Travel bans, stay-at-home restrictions, school closures – how have countries responded to the pandemic? Explore the data on all policy measures.

    What is this thing?

    Tests for the virus that use polymerase chain reaction (PCR) involve a cyclical amplification of the virus’s genome.As a result, if you start with more viral genomes, you’ll reach a detectable level of signal in fewer cycles.This is thought to mean that the cycle count needed for detecting the virus provides a rough measure of the viral load carried by the person the sample came from.In the case of the P.1 strain, tests showed a fairly consistent, if small, indication of increased viral load.

    Brazil: Are countries testing enough to monitor their outbreak?

    To be able to properly monitor the spread of the virus, countries with more widespread outbreaks need to do more testing.

    Why is data on testing important?

    No country knows the total number of people infected with COVID-19.All we know is the infection status of those who have been tested.All those who have a lab-confirmed infection are counted as confirmed cases.

    Brazil: Daily confirmed deaths: how do they compare to other countries?

    This chart shows the daily confirmed deaths per million people of a country’s population.

    Why is it useful to look at biweekly changes in deaths?

    For all global data sources on the pandemic, daily data does not necessarily refer to deaths on that day – but to the deaths reported on that day.

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    Why adjust for the size of the population?

    Differences in the population size between countries are often large, and the COVID-19 death count in more populous countries tends to be higher.Because of this it can be insightful to know how the number of confirmed deaths in a country compares to the number of people who live there, especially when comparing across countries.

    What is happening in Brazil?

    Doctors Without Borderd/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams are working to improve medical care for Venezuelan migrants and asylum seekers as well as local communities.The crisis in neighboring Venezuela has generated the largest human displacement in Latin America’s recent history.Most Venezuelans entering Brazil arrive in Roraima, the least-developed state in the country, putting an additional strain on the already precarious public services there.

    What is counted as a test?

    The number of tests does not refer to the same thing in each country – one difference is that some countries report the number of people tested, while others report the number of tests (which can be higher if the same person is tested more than once).And other countries report their testing data in a way that leaves it unclear what the test count refers to exactly.

    Brazil: How many tests are performed each day?

    This chart shows the number of daily tests per thousand people.Because the number of tests is often volatile from day to day, we show the figures as a seven-day rolling average.

    You haven’t finished your review yet, want to submit as-is?

    You can always edit your review after.

    Why is it useful to look at biweekly changes in confirmed cases?

    For all global data sources on the pandemic, daily data does not necessarily refer to the number of new confirmed cases on that day – but to the cases reported on that day.

    History of Brazil

  • In 1415, Portugal gained the first of its overseas colonies when a fleet conquered Ceuta, a prosperous Islamic trade center in North Africa.
  • In 1462, the town of Ribeira Grande (now Cidade Velha) was founded on the south coast of Santiago.[1]:77 The settlement became a key port of call for Portuguese colonisation towards Africa and South America.
  • In 1488, Bartolomeu Dias reached the Cape of Good Hope, proving that Asia was accessible by sea.
  • In 1498, Vasco da Gama finally reached India and brought economic prosperity to Portugal and its then population of one million residents.
  • In 1498, Vasco da Gama reached the west coast of India.
  • In 1500, Pedro Álvares Cabral, en route to India, discovered Brazil and claimed it for Portugal.
  • In 1542 natives destroyed Buenos Aires, and the Spaniards there fled to Asunción.
  • In 1542 this province became part of the newly established Viceroyalty of Peru, with its seat in Lima.
  • In 1581, Philip II of Spain invaded Portugal and held it for 60 years, precipitating a catastrophic decline in Portuguese commerce.
  • In 1603 Asunción was the seat of the First Synod of Asunción, which set guidelines for the evangelization of the natives in their lingua franca, Guaraní.
  • In 1616 the Portuguese trader Gaspar Bocarro journeyed through what is now Malawi, producing the first European account of the country and its people.[5][6] The Portuguese were also responsible for the introduction of maize to the region.
  • In 1617 they raided Madeira, stealing the church bells and taking 1,200 people captive.[5] As a result of the French Cassard expedition in 1712 in which Ribeira Grande was destroyed, the capital was partly moved to Praia in the east, which later became the capital in 1770.
  • In 1640, John IV (1603-1656) spearheaded an uprising backed by disgruntled nobles and was proclaimed king on December 1, 1640.
  • In 1644, the population of Barbados was estimated at 30,000, of which about 800 were of African descent, with the remainder mainly of English descent.
  • In 1650, Lord Willoughby, the governor of Barbados, furnished out a vessel to settle a colony in Suriname.
  • In 1663 most of the work on the 50 or so plantations was done by native Indians and 3,000 African slaves.[9] There were around 1,000 whites there, joined by Brazilian Jews, attracted by religious freedom which was granted to all the settlers by the English.[citation needed]
  • In 1665 the Peace Treaty of The Hague was signed, Portugal lost its Asian colonies and had to pay 63 tons of gold to compensate the Dutch Republic for the loss of its colony.
  • In 1807, Portugal refused Napoleon's demand to join an embargo against the United Kingdom.
  • In 1827 at Ituzaingó Brazil was defeated.
  • In 1827, a law school was founded at the Convent of São Francisco, today part of the University of São Paulo.
  • In 1846, the Brazilian slave ship L’Elizia, carrying slaves from the Congo, was captured near Loango by the French navy which was tasked with contributing to the British Blockade of Africa.
  • In 1851 the Argentine general Urquiza drove out Rosas and brought an end to the Uruguayan civil war.
  • In 1888, the “Golden Law” (Lei Áurea) was sanctioned by Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil,
    abolishing the institution of slavery in Brazil.
  • In 1903, a piece of Bolivia’s Acre Province, rich in rubber, was ceded to Brazil.
  • In 1904, at the request of the Franco-Brazilian aviator Alberto Santos, Cartier developed one of the first ever wristwatches known to mankind – the Cartier Santos.
  • In 1904, Louis Cartier created his first wristwatch, the Cartier Santos.
  • In 1919, it became a history museum.
  • In 1922, the Brazilian Modernist Movement, launched in São Paulo, began to achieve cultural independence.
  • In 1923 Urioste, a Brazilian, concluded that T.
  • In 1929, Chile returned Tacna to Peru.
  • In 1945, public water fluoridation was implemented for the first time in the US, and was recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the main delivery method of fluoride to improve oral health (16).
  • In 1950 Argentina won its first and only World Championship to date, with a squad formed entirely by amateur players, after defeating France (twice), Brazil, Chile, Egypt and the United States in the decisive match.
  • In 1952, Heitor Villa-Lobos wrote his Symphony Number 10 (‘Ameríndia’) for the 400th anniversary of São Paulo: an allegorical, historical and religious account of the city told through the eyes of its founder José de Anchieta.[166]
  • In 1958, the group excelled with the play “Eles não usam black tie” by Gianfrancesco Guarnieri which was the first in the history of the Brazilian drama to feature labor workers as protagonists.[169]
  • In 1963, the Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) granted the breed official recognition.
  • In 1970, the government decided to seek bids for an initial nuclear plant.
  • In 1974, the Netherlands beat both Brazil and Argentina in the second group stage, reaching the final for the first time in their history.
  • In 1975, the government adopted a policy to become fully self-sufficient in nuclear technology and signed an agreement with West Germany for the supply of eight 1300 MWe nuclear units over 15 years.
  • In 1981, the Pug Dhandys Favorite Woodchuck won the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in the United States, the only Pug to have won there since the show began in 1877.[22] The World Champion, or Best in Show at the 2004 World Dog Show held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was a Pug named Double D Cinoblu’s Masterpiece.[5]
  • In 1982 domestic production was at 2.48 million cubic meters.
  • In 1984, Algeria took third place in the 1984 Africa Cup of Nations in Ivory Coast.
  • In 1986 4.358 million cubic meters of gas were produced.
  • In 1988, a new company, Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil S.A. (INB) took over the front end fuel cycle subsidiaries of Nuclebrás.
  • In 1989, GDP growth rose to 10% and unemployment fell to 5%, although inflation remained in double digits (17%).
  • In 1989, Jordan won the F3000 drivers’ championship with future Formula One star Jean Alesi.
  • In 1989, the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis, IBAMA) was created to carry out environmental licensing of all facilities (including nuclear), but CNEN remains a co-authority on radiation aspects of nuclear licensing.
  • In 1990 a National Office of Refugees was established to facilitate the reincorporation of returning exiles into Chilean society.
  • In 1990 the proportion of elderly people was highest in Europe and lowest in sub Saharan Africa.
  • In 1990, the incorporation of literature in English was part of the English language programme beginning at the lower secondary level.
  • IN 1991, breed-specific legislation (BSL) prohibited four different types of dog in the UK: pit bull terrier, Japanese tosa, Fila Braziliero and dogo Argentino.
  • In 1991, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) was set up.
  • In 1993, 38 percent of world production of REEs was in China, 33 percent was in the United States, 12 percent was in Australia, and five percent each was in Malaysia and India.
  • In 1995 an undeclared war took effect between Peru and Ecuador along the disputed southern border.
  • In 1995, domestic political considerations constricted Colombia’s economic liberalization.
  • In 1996 and 1997 the administration of US president Bill Clinton decertified Colombia as a country fully cooperative with US narcotics policy.
  • In 1996, a second anticholinergic, tolterodine tartrate, was introduced as an alternative to oxybutynin.
  • In 1996, Brazil became a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
  • In 1996, the Brazilian government took the decision to make antiretroviral treatment universally available.
  • In 1996, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) office closed after 22 years of operation in Chile, as it was determined that the need for asylum for Chileans no longer existed.
  • In 1997 it accounted for 16.7 percent of Chile’s total world exports.
  • In 1997, exports reached US$17 billion and imports US$18.9 billion.
  • In 1998 salmon sales provided approximately 42 percent of industry revenue and accounted for greater than 4 percent of global country exports.
  • In 1998 the top exports were denim cloth, polyester viscose, and combed wool.
  • In 1998 this industry earned US$883.2 million from exports, increasing from US$722.4 million in 1996 and US$456.9 million in 1993.
  • In 1998, however, growth was slowed to 3.2% and then turned negative (-1.0%) in 1999 in the first contraction since 1983, as the effects of the Asian financial crisis of 1997, the Russian financial crisis of 1998, and the Brazilian financial crisis of 1999 were felt.
  • In 1998, the OECD established a country-specific programme for Brazil.
  • In 1999 ENAP’s general manager issued a statement indicating that exhaustive exploration had failed to find new oil fields and that currently exploited deposits would be depleted within 6 years.
  • In 1999, Jorge Batlle IbaÑez, also of the Colorado party, was elected president; during the election, he faced a strong challenge on the left from the Broad Front’s Tabaré Vázquez, the former mayor of Montevideo.
  • In 2000, although the country had a land mass of 1,038,700 square kilometers, there were only 3,380 kilometers of railways.
  • In 2000, Tecnicolor, an album recorded in the early 1970s in English by the band, was released with artwork designed by Sean Lennon.[164]
  • In 2000, the government raised the price of Ecuadorian petrol by 60% in order to forge an economic recovery.
  • In 2001, 82.9 percent of males and 54.2 of females are literate.
  • In 2001–02, Argentine citizens made massive withdrawals of dollars deposited in Uruguayan banks after bank deposits in Argentina were frozen, which led to a plunge in the Uruguayan peso, causing the 2002 Uruguay banking crisis.
  • In 2002, Chile’s economy was in a slight recession, although the country was faring far better than its South American neighbors were.
  • In 2002, production totaled 14,000 barrels per day.
  • In 2003, Batlle IbaÑez announced that the government would compensate families of victims of the 1976–85 military dictatorship and of the guerrilla groups that opposed it.
  • In 2003, plans for completing the 692 MWe Atucha 2 reactor (745 MWe gross) were presented to the government.
  • In 2004, Colombia exported 42.1% of its products to the United States, 9.7% to Venezuela, and 6% to Ecuador, totalling over us$23 billion.
  • In 2004, the bulk of exports went to the United States (14%), Japan (11.4%), China (9.9%), South Korea (5.5%), the Netherlands (5.1%), Brazil (4.3%), Italy (4.1%), Mexico (4%).
  • In 2004, the bulk of exports went to the United States (29.5%), China (9.9%), the United Kingdom (9%), Chile (5.1%), and Japan (4.4%).
  • In 2005 Suriname hit world news when 25 new species were discovered in Eastern Suriname (Nassau and Lely Mountains).
  • In 2005 the government implemented “Juntos,” a program to double the income of people living under extreme poverty (less than $1 a day).
  • In 2005, exports reached $16 billion (FOB—Free on Board), while imports grew to $12 billion (FOB).
  • In 2005, exports reached $38 billion (FOB—Free on Board), while imports grew to $30 billion (FOB).
  • In 2005, the livestock population included about 1.5 million goats, 570,000 sheep, 250,000 camels, and 115,000 head of cattle.
  • In 2005, the UAE had 1,520,000 goats, 570,000 sheep, 250,000 camels, and 115,000 head of cattle.
  • In 2006, Brazil undertook a National Commission on Social Determinants of Health,25 and in Argentina and Chile, policies and governance arrangements were created to promote social determinants in the ministries of health and at high levels of national government.
  • In 2006, Chile has begun FTA negotiations with Japan and India.
  • In 2006, Chile plans to begin FTA negotiations with Japan and India.
  • In 2006, Colombia was the United States’ fifth-largest export market in the Western Hemisphere behind Canada, Mexico, Brazil, and Venezuela and the largest agricultural export market in the hemisphere after the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) countries.
  • In 2006, the Netherlands made it to the round of 16 where, in what was called the “Battle of Nuremberg” they lost by a single goal to Portugal.
  • In 2007 a United Nations international tribunal settled another long-standing boundary dispute between the two countries, in which Suriname was awarded one-third of a disputed area of the Caribbean Sea.
  • In 2007, Chile held trade negotiations with Australia, Thailand, Malaysia, and China.
  • In 2007, Chile plans to begin negotiations with Thailand, Malaysia, and Australia.
  • In 2008 Paraguay’s Colorado Party, the longest continuously ruling political party in the world, lost power for the first time since 1947, though it returned to power in 2013.
  • In 2008, after four years at the club featuring six coaches and only mid-table finishes, Pastor left the club amid severe criticism of his management skills.
  • In 2008, Chile hopes to conclude an FTA with Australia, and finalize an expanded agreement (covering trade in services and investment) with China.
  • In 2008, the city of São Paulo ranked 493rd in the list of the most violent cities in Brazil.
  • In 2009, Italy abolished its breed-specific regulations, which applied to 17 breeds of dogs, in favor of legislation that holds individual dog owners responsible for their dog’s behavior.
  • In 2009, Yoni created a Youtube video on the environmental impact of paper that got nearly 200,000 views.
  • In 2009/2010, the IEC 60906-1 was introduced to Brazil and some newer buildings already have it.
  • In 2010 Brazil, with Turkey, signed an agreement with Iran – the Teheran Declaration – to swap its 20% enriched uranium for foreign fuel for the Teheran research reactor, alleviating concerns about Iran’s intentions in enriching uranium to that level.
  • In 2010, the worldwide demand for rare earth oxides was 127,500 metric tons.45 China produced over 130,000 metric tons of rare earths in 2010 and 2011, eclipsing world demand.46 The next largest producer was India with a paltry 3,000 metric tons, followed by Brazil at 550 metric tons, and Malaysia at thirty metric tons.47 These production rates exemplify the disparity between China and its closest competitors in the industry.
  • In 2011, Brazil’s high court ruled in favor of allowing same-sex unions.
  • In 2011, Dr.
  • In 2011, the United States and Brazil signed the Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation to enhance cooperation on trade and investment between the Western Hemisphere’s two largest economies.
  • In 2012 and 2013 they were supplying about 2% to 3% of world production.
  • In 2012 the government set up Blue Amazon Defence Technologies to develop nuclear submarines, with reactor prototype PWR using low-enriched uranium fuel (<20%) to be ready by 2016 and the first submarine commissioned in 2025.
  • In 2012 the Mountain Pass Mine came back into production, and the United States produced about 4% of the world’s rare earth elements in 2013.
  • In 2012, an $8.4 billion rare-earth deposit was discovered in Brazil.
  • In 2012, Brazil adopted the recommended Option B+, in which pregnant women living with HIV are offered treatment regardless of CD4 count and continue on treatment after childbirth.
  • In 2012, Brazil also created the national land registry system (SICAR), a georeferenced database, which allows monitoring of farms’ environmental liability in order to grant access to rural credit.
  • In 2012, having lost the first leg of a 2013 Africa Cup of Nations qualification round 4–0 to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea recruited nine Brazilian players to help overturn the deficit for the second leg.
  • In 2012, OSSTEM IMPLANT has introduced number of new products, such as TSIII CA Fixture, TSIII BA Fixture, SmartBuilder, 123 Kit, and ESSET Kit GP-Implant is a professional and innovative company that manufacturers implants, prosthetic parts and tools with more than 15 years of experience in the dentistry field.
  • In 2012, Tavares was replaced by Cuban coach Israel Blake Cantero who led the national team through the 2012 Caribbean Championship.
  • In 2013, more than 500 volunteers in this program were randomly assigned to take part in a prediction market covering 113 geopolitical questions, like “Will India and/or Brazil become a permanent member of the U.N.
  • In 2013, São Paulo was the most populous city in Brazil and in South America.[53] According to the 2010 IBGE Census, there were 11,244,369 people residing in the city of São Paulo.[54] The census found 6,824,668 White people (60.6%), 3,433,218 Pardo (multiracial) people (30.5%), 736,083 Black people (6.5%), 246,244 Asian people (2.2%) and 21,318 Amerindian people (0.2%).[55]
  • In 2013, the Brazilian Minister of Health vetoed and then replaced a rights-based, anti-stigma HIV prevention campaign that had been created in partnership between sex workers and the STD/AIDS department of the Ministry of Health.
  • In 2013, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) launched the Freedom to Look Project in the country, in collaboration with the Brazilian government.
  • In 2014, 74 conservative evangelical representatives were elected to the 513-seat lower house of Congress, double the number elected in 2006.
  • In 2014, Jed McCaleb, founder of Mt.
  • In 2014, the Ministry of Health launched #PartiuTeste, a behaviour change communication campaign developed in partnership with young people that utilises traditional media and social media, especially dating aps such as Tinder and Hornet.
  • In 2014, the Netherlands finish atop Group B with wins over Spain, Australia and Chile.[104] In the round of 16 match against Mexico, the Netherlands came back from a goal down to manage a 2–1 win in stoppage time with Klaas-Jan Huntelaar scoring a controversial penalty.[65] In the quarter-finals, they defeated Costa Rica on penalties however they lost to Argentina on penalties in the semi-final.
  • in 2015 want to for!
  • In 2015, after an offer by Fyffes was rejected by shraeholders, the company was bought by two Brazilian companies, Cutrale (the world’s biggest orange and orange juice producer) and Grupo Safra (a powerful private banking group).
  • In 2015, Brazil began providing self-testing kits to the general population.
  • In 2015, less than 50% of TB patients living with HIV had access to ART.
  • In 2015, over 503.675 tons were transported from the airport.[145] Both São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport and Congonhas-São Paulo Airport will be connected to the metropolitan rail system by the end of 2018, with lines Line 13 (CPTM) and Line 17 (São Paulo Metro), respectively.
  • In 2015, the Brazilian Ministry of Health developed a strategy called Viva Melhor Sabendo (‘live better knowing’) to increase HIV testing among key populations.
  • in 2015.
  • In 2016, 87,000 people were diagnosed with TB in Brazil, 13% of whom were living with HIV, although new infections of TB and TB/HIV are declining.
  • In 2016, the Close Certo initiative used Hornet to reach more than 1 million gay men and men who have sex with men with HIV awareness messages during the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Brazil.52
  • In 2016, the Spanish national police and tax authorities dismantled a large criminal network and took down 6 Bitcoin mining centers suspected to be involved in the laundering the proceeds of their crimes .
  • In 2017 Paraguay exported USD 2.1 billion worth of electricity, which represented 7.1 per cent of GDP.
  • In 2017, 33,000 men were newly infected with HIV, compared to 15,000 women.6
  • In 2017, 48,000 people in Brazil were newly infected with HIV.
  • In 2017, 82% of adults and 79% of children were known to be on ART 12 months after starting it, and 59% of people all people living with HIV in Brazil had been virally suppressed.68 This is significant because, when HIV levels in someone’s body are low they are less likely to pass HIV on (if a person is virally suppressed they cannot pass HIV on.
  • In 2017, 84% of people living with HIV in Brazil were aware of their status.34
  • In 2017, around 45% of children living with HIV were receiving ART.64
  • In 2017, Brazil began providing dolutegravir (DTG), the generic name for an ARV that is more effective than other ARVs with fewer side effects, to 100,000 people.
  • In 2017, less than 1000 children (aged 0-14) were newly infected with HIV.53
  • In 2017, prevalence of HIV among female sex workers in Brazil was 5.3%.15 Sex work is legal in Brazil, although owning a brothel or engaging in any business associated with sex work is criminalised.16 The government has implemented HIV prevention interventions through its Ministry of Health which involve a rights-based approach.
  • In 2018, 9,000 men who have sex with men, sex workers and transgender people are being offered PrEP free of change through Sistema Único de Saúde, Brazil’s national health service.
  • In 2018, a call for bidding was made for the expansion of Yacyretá hydropower plant to add three turbine-generator units to the 3.2 GW plant’s existing 20 units.
  • In 2018, after a long period of political chaos prompted by massive public corruption scandals and economic crises, voters elected Jair Bolsonaro of the Social Liberal Party to serve as president.
  • In 2018, DiDi acquired Brazilian ride-hailing company 99 and now claims to have 50% of the ride-hailing market share in South America.
  • In 2018, domestic demand was met using only 35 per cent of Paraguay’s’ overall power production from hydroelectric resources.
  • In 2019, Brazil GDP was an estimated $1.8 trillion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 1.1%; and the population was 210 million.
  • In 2019, over one million hectares of land was deforested in the Legal Amazon – a 34% increase on 2018, and 120% larger than the historic low reached in 2012; an even greater area is expected to be deforested in 2020.
  • In 2019, police in Porte Alegre-Brazil investigating drug trafficking unexpectedly came across a makeshift Bitcoin mining operation of 25 mining machines , many believed to be from China, running sophisticated software.
  • In 2019, they made the farthest they ever had in the CONCACAF Gold Cup by going 3-0 in the group stages including a last-minute goal against Costa Rica and coming back from a 2-0 deficit against Canada in the Quarter-Finals, winning the game 3-2.
  • In 2020, it saw a drop in the ranking from 24th in 2019 to 28th in 2020 in the Global MBA ranking of Financial Times.
  • In 2020, working with crypto exchanges, Colombia introduced a sandbox test environment for cryptocurrencies, before Brazil’s Securities Commission and its Central Bank did the same.
  • in 2020.
  • In the 1750s, between 5,000 and 10,000 slaves were annually sold.[15] By this time, Angola, a Portuguese colony, was in fact like a colony of Brazil, paradoxically another Portuguese colony.
  • In the 1920s, it notoriously defeated Henry Ford's attempts to grow rubber for car tyres in the eponymous Fordlandia, Brazil, losing him an investment (in today's terms) of $250m (£156m).
  • In the 1930s in Honduras, archaeologists discovered dental implants dating back to about 600 A.
  • In the 1950s, South Africa became the leading producer from rare earth bearing monazite deposits.
  • In the 1950s, South
    Africa became the leading producer from rare earth bearing monazite deposits.
  • In the 1970s, Brazil's military government pursued a covert nuclear weapons program.
  • In the 1990s, drum and bass arose as another musical movement in São Paulo, with artists such as DJ Marky, DJ Patife, XRS, Drumagick and Fernanda Porto.[165] Many heavy metal bands also originated in São Paulo, such as Angra, Project46, Torture Squad, Korzus and Dr.
  • On 1 January 1869, the capital city Asunción fell to Brazilian forces led by Gen.
  • On 1 July 2005, the United States reportedly deployed troops and aircraft to the large military airfield of Mariscal Estigarribia as part of a bid to extend control of strategic interests in the Latin American sphere, particularly in Bolivia.
  • On 14/15 May 1811 Paraguay declared its independence from Spain.
  • On 3 February 1989, Stroessner was overthrown in a military coup headed by his close associate General Andrés Rodríguez.
  • On 4 February 2021, many of the developed countries and industrialised nations including the US, Britain, the European Union, Brazil, Japan and others rejected further moratoriums on the intellectual property on vaccines. 
  • On 8 April, 4,249 deaths from COVID-19 were recorded in a single 24-hour period, alongside 86,652 new COVID-19 infections.