Overview of Bulgaria

  • Bulgarian cuisine seems to be oriented toward meat and potatoes, but vegetarians needn’t worry as several of the most popular dishes are dairy-based and in general Bulgarians consume a lot of salads (the most popular is shopska salad, a tasty mix of tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, occasionally roasted peppers, topped with sirene (white brined sheep cheese).
  • Bulgaria, Romania, and Greece were content to sit on the fence and observe the fortunes of war before deciding whether to declare their sympathies.[1]
    The government of Vasil Radoslavov aligned Bulgaria with Germany and Austria-Hungary, even though this meant also becoming an ally of the Ottomans, Bulgaria’s traditional enemy.
  • Bulgaria was determined to observe it until the end of the war; but it hoped for bloodless territorial gains in order to recover the territories lost in the Second Balkan War and World War I, as well as gain other lands with a significant Bulgarian population occupied by neighboring countries.
  • Bulgaria (along with the entire Balkan Peninsula) was among the first region in Europe to be settled by migrating Neolithic farmers from Asia Minor, who by the late 7th millennium BC, brought the achievements of the Neolithic revolution to Europe and established vibrant Neolithic societies.
  • Bulgaria, in alliance with Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottomans, won military victories against Serbia and Romania, taking much of Macedonia (taking Skopje in October), advancing into Greek Macedonia, and taking Dobruja from the Romanians in September 1916.
  • Bulgarians don’t really do chit chat, so trying to make conversation with a fewone at a till in a shop will probably result in odd looks (either from not understanding or not wanting to engage) or they will just ignore you.
  • Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov has revealed that a big new vaccine supply contract that the European Union is seeking from Pfizer-BioNTech (PFE.N), (22UAy.DE) from 2022 will be at a significantly increased price.
  • Bulgarian police have white Opel Astra patrol cars, marked “POLICE” with blue letters – keep that in mind, because in the past there have been several cases of fake police officers stopping cars and robbing travellers.
  • Bulgaria’s numerous lakes may be coastal (which include the large lakes around Varna and Burgas, both on the Black Sea), glacial (which include those in the southern mountains), structural, or karst in origin.
  • Bulgaria recovered under Khan Krum (reigned 803–814), who, after annihilating an imperial army, took the skull of Emperor Nicephorus I, lined it with silver, and made it into a drinking cup.
  • Population

    Pleven, the seventh-largest city in Bulgaria regarding population, attracts a relatively large amount of backpackers and vacationers with its unconventional spirit, cultural attractions, waterfalls, unique art galleries, and wine museums, and many other things that keep a constant influx of tourists coming through.


    Bulgarian education emphasizes foreign language studies, and especially the English language.In the south people often understand Greek and Turkish.Older people may speak Russian, as it was a compulsory second language in schools during the communist era.The use of Russian has been declining since the collapse of the iron curtain, with English now being far more popular.

    What’s the best thing about Switzerland?

    What’s the best thing about Switzerland?

    I don’t know, but the flag is a big plus….

    What’s the history of bagpipes in Bulgaria?

    Bagpipes have always been played in Chepelare and the surrounding Smolyan region for entertainment, says Uchikov.They form part of the soul of the Rhodope mountains that surround the town, being played at weddings and celebrations.

    How much does Bulgaria pay and receive?

    How much each EU country pays into the EU budget is calculated fairly, according to means.The larger your country’s economy, the more it pays – and vice versa.The EU budget doesn’t aim to redistribute wealth, but rather focuses on the needs of Europeans as a whole.

    FAQ 3: How long does it take to have my Bulgarian ID card?

    Under the express procedure, the cards are ready on the third business day following the day of application.

    Aren’t bagpipes Scottish?

    When you hear the distinctive drone of a bagpipe you may think of Scotland, but the instrument is also one of the most distinctive symbols of folklore music in the Balkans.

    How are bagpipes made?

    Great skill and loving care goes into crafting every instrument; from salting a sheepskin to preserve it, to allowing the wood to dry for five years before carving the blowpipe.

    FAQ 1: Can I study in another EU country as a Bulgaria PR holder?

    Yes, you can but you will be classed as a foreign student and will need to pay additional student fees.However, the European Commission has launched many exchange programs between the EU Universities to enable students to have easier access to study abroad.

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    FAQ 2: How many trips do I have to make to Bulgaria?

    There are two statutory trips for each applicant at different stages of the process.


    As one of the youngest EU member states, Bulgaria boasts a rich and diverse culture, temperate climate, and ideal location in Southeast Europe.

    What is happening with the Bulgarian protest movement?

    For two months, Bulgarians have protested against a scandal-ridden government which refuses to resign.

    Why join?

    Watch our editor-in-chief Koert Debeuf explain the reasons in this 30-second video.

    History of Bulgaria

  • (In 1934, the Jewish population of Sofia was about 25,000, 9 percent of the capital’s total population.) Police brutally suppressed popular protests staged by both Jews and non-Jews.
  • In 1185 AD, the brothers Petar, Asen and
    Kaloyan – Bulgarian aristocrats and Byzantine vassals – revolted against their
    suzerain and revived the Bulgarian Empire with Tarnovo as its new capital
  • In 1235 a church council was convened in the town of Lampsakos.
  • In 1394, the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate gave the authorisation to the Metropolitan of Moldavia, Jeremiah, “to move with the help of God to the holy Church of Turnovo and to be allowed to perform everything befitting a prelate freely and without restraint.” By around 1416, the territory of the Patriarchate of Turnovo was totally subordinated to the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
  • In 1396, Bulgaria (technically the Vidin Empire – the last
    independent part of the decentralized medieval Bulgarian Tsardom) was
    conquered by the Ottomans and remained part of that empire until 1878.
  • In 1579 the sovereign of Moldavia, Petru Schiopul (Peter the Lame), ordered the banishment of the Jews on the grounds that they were ruining the merchants.
  • In 1652 and 1653 Cossacks invaded Moldavia, attacking many Jews from Jassy.
  • In 1689 it was burned to the ground by Austrian forces to eradicate a cholera epidemic, after which it declined until a revival in the 19th century with the building of the Belgrade–Thessaloníki railway.
  • In 1714, there was a small pogrom in Bucharest and the synagogue (built of stones) was destroyed on the order of the sovereign of Wallachia, Stefan Cantacuzino.
  • In 1762, St.
  • In 1817, the Principality of Serbia became suzerain from the Ottoman Empire, and in 1867, it passed a Constitution which defined its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  • In 1830, Greece became the first country to break away from the Ottoman Empire after the Greek War of Independence.
  • In 1831, the Great Bosnian uprising against Ottoman rule occurred.
  • In 1876, Bulgarians instigate the April Uprising against Ottoman rule.
  • In 1878 after the Russo-Turkish Liberation War, the modern Bulgarian state was established as a constitutional monarchy.
  • In 1878, Russia forced Turkey to give Bulgaria its independence after the Russo-Turkish War (1877?1878).
  • In 1885, the Bulgarian National Bank introduced notes for 20 and 50 gold leva, followed in 1887 by 100 gold leva and, in 1890, by 5 and 10 gold leva notes.
  • In 1895, the Tarnovo Constitution formally established the Bulgarian Orthodox Church as the national religion of the nation.
  • In 1899, 5, 10 and 50 silver leva notes were issued, followed by 100 and 500 silver leva in 1906 and 1907, respectively.
  • In 1903, there was a Bulgarian insurrection in Ottoman Macedonia and war seemed likely.
  • In 1905, it was renamed as IMORO and after World War I the organization separated into the IMRO and the ITRO.
  • In 1908, Ferdinand used the struggles among the Great Powers to declare Bulgaria an independent kingdom with himself as Tsar.
  • In 1913, during the second Balkan War, Albania was occupied by the Serbs.
  • In 1914 William, prince of Wied, became King but was soon expelled by his premier.
  • In 1916 Romania entered World War I on the Entente side.
  • In 1917, despite fierce Romanian resistance, especially at Mărăşeşti, due to Russia’s withdrawal from the war following the October Revolution, Romania, being almost completely surrounded by the Central Powers, was forced to also drop from the war, signing the Armistice of Focșani and next year, in May 1918, the Treaty of Bucharest.
  • In 1918, at the end of World War I, Transylvania and Bessarabia united with the Romanian Old Kingdom.
  • In 1918, Serbia, which included much of Macedonia, joined in union with Croatia, Slovenia, and Montenegro to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929.
  • In 1919 by the Treaty of Saint-Germain and in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon most of territories claimed were assigned to Romania.
  • In 1931, Isaak Cohen, a young Jew from Salonika and member of Maccabi who went to Sofia for a regional Maccabi meeting, was falsely accused on the front page of Makedonia of going to Bulgaria for Macedonian nationalist meetings and riots broke out against Salonikan Jewry in much of the eastern part of the city, which was heavily Jewish.
  • In 1934, Bulgaria had a population of more than six million people.
  • In 1934, King Aleksandar was assassinated abroad, in Marseille, by a coalition of the Ustaše and a similarly radical movement, the Bulgarian IMRO.
  • In 1935, Boris established a royal dictatorship.
  • In 1940, Romania ceded Bessarabia and northern Bukovina to the USSR, northern Transylvania to Hungary, and southern Dobruja to Bulgaria.
  • In 1941, with the Second World War already on way, most of the region of Vardarska Banovina was incorporated into Bulgaria.
  • In 1942–43 the Romanian government began tentatively to consider signing a separate peace treaty with the Allies.
  • In 1944, North Macedonia was constituted as are public in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • In 1945, the Jewish population of Bulgaria was still about 50,000, its prewar level.
  • In 1946, the monarchy was abolished, its final Tsar was sent into exile, and the Kingdom was replaced by the People’s Republic of Bulgaria.
  • In 1950, the Holy Synod adopted a new Statute which paved the way for the restoration of the Patriarchate and in 1953, it elected the Metropolitan of Plovdiv, Cyril, Bulgarian Patriarch.[8] After the death of Patriarch Cyril in 1971, in his place was elected the Metropolitan of Lovech, Maxim, leading the church until his death in 2012.
  • In 1962, another redenomination took place at the rate of 10 to 1, setting the exchange rate at 1.17 leva = 1 U.
  • In 1963, a New Economic System, calling for more efficient and decentralized economic planning, was adopted.
  • In 1964, a treaty of friendship and cooperation—in effect a peace treaty—was signed with the USSR; similar treaties with Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Bulgaria followed in 1967.
  • In 1965, Thailand harbored its first distinct title: the very first place in the Southeast Asian Games.
  • In 1979, Russian was claimed as a native language by a large proportion of Jews (66%) and Belarusians (62%), and by a significant proportion of Ukrainians (30%).
  • In 1990, NDI supported students and other democracy activists from the Bulgarian Association for Fair Elections and Civil Rights (BAFECR) – a citizen election monitoring group that observed the country’s first post-communist election – which helped to pioneer domestic, nonpartisan election observation in Central and Eastern Europe.
  • In 1991 it became the capital of the newly independent Republic of Macedonia, which changed its name to the Republic of North Macedonia in 2019.
  • In 1991, a total of 520 books were published in Moldova, of which 402 were in Romanian, 108 in Russian, eight in Gagauz, and two in Bulgarian.
  • In 1996, Romania signed and ratified a basic bilateral treaty with Hungary that settled outstanding issues and laid the foundation for closer, more cooperative relations.
  • In 2004, the country joined NATO and in January of 2007, it became a full member state of the European Union.
  • In 2005, the EU approved its membership for 2007, subject to the implementation of reforms, especially the cleaning up of corruption and organized crime.
  • In 2007, Bulgaria joined the EU.
  • In 2014, Bulgaria experienced its worst banking crisis since the 1990s.
  • In 2014, intelligence information led then-NATO secretary general Anders Fogh Rasmussen to conclude that Moscow conspired with environmental groups to block fracking activities in Romania, Lithuania and Bulgaria.
  • In 2016, former air force commander Rumen Radev—an independent supported by the opposition Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP)—defeated parliament speaker Tsetska Tsacheva of the Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria (GERB) party, taking more than 59 percent of the vote.
  • In 2017, Serbia reported exporting 600 assault rifles to Congo-Brazzaville.
  • In 2017, the Constitutional Court struck down the law on compulsory voting.
  • In 2017, the government issued a rule that restricted the ability of asylum seekers to move outside of the district where they are housed.
  • In 2019, Bulgaria’s two most popular media groups – NOVA Broadcasting Group and BTV Media Group changed ownership.
  • In 2019, nationalist politicians, including defense minister Krasimir Karakachanov and European Parliament member Angel Chavdarov Djambazki, called for the prosecutor general to disband the Bulgarian Helsinki Committee in the wake of the Jock Palfreeman court case.
  • In the 1830s the tax paid in Moldavia was called – in Romanian – the crupca (also a system of Polish origin; in Polish: korowka).
  • In the 1960s, DPRK first received shipments of short-range ballistic missiles from its main ally, the Soviet Union.
  • In the 1990s, North Korea sold medium-sized nuclear capable missiles to Pakistan in a deal facilitated by China.[182]
  • In the 1990s, the biggest trade increases occurred with South Korea, Bulgaria, Egypt, Japan, and China.
  • In the 1990s,Macedonians speak a language codified in 1946,spoken by less than two million people, and with a very slender literature.
  • On 1 February 1945, the new realities of power in Bulgaria were shown when Regent Prince Kiril, former Prime Minister Bogdan Filov, and hundreds of other officials of the old regime were arrested on charges of war crimes.
  • On 1 March 1941, Bulgaria formally signed the Tripartite Pact, becoming an ally of Nazi Germany, the Empire of Japan, and the Kingdom of Italy.
  • On 3 March 1878, the Treaty of San Stefano was signed, ending the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 and leading to the independence of the Principality of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire.
  • On 4 June 2011, Montenegro drew 1–1 against Bulgaria, with Radomir Đalović scoring for Montenegro early in the second half, but Ivelin Popov scoring minutes later, to keep Montenegro second in the group, behind England on goal difference.
  • On 5 July 1999 the lev was redenominated at 1000:1 with 1 new lev equal to 1 Deutsche Mark.[12] The ISO 4217 currency code for the new Bulgarian lev is BGN.
  • On 5 September 2009, Montenegro took an early lead against Bulgaria in Sofia with Stevan Jovetić putting them 1–0 up, only for Bulgaria to recover and win 4–1.
  • On 6 September 2008, Montenegro played their first World Cup qualifier against Bulgaria at the Podgorica City Stadium.
  • On 7 October, Montenegro came back from 2–0 down to draw 2–2 against England in Podgorica, after Wayne Rooney was sent off.
  • On 7 September 1940, Bulgaria succeeded in negotiating the recovery of Southern Dobruja in the Axis-sponsored Treaty of Craiova.