Cabo Verde

Overview of Cabo Verde

  • Cabo Verde served an increasingly important role as an offshore entrepôt with the development of the triangular trade, by which manufactured goods from Europe were traded for slaves, who were sold in turn to plantations in the New World in exchange for the raw materials produced there; with these the ships returned home.
  • Cabo Verde’s government at the end of February announced an agreement with CVA’s management on the resumption of operations that it said foresaw the renegotiation of loans with creditors, also involving the Icelandair group, which via Loftleidir supplies the company’s aircraft.
  • Cabo Verde was especially known for its pano cloths, usually constructed of six strips of fabric made from cotton that was grown, dyed dark indigo, and woven on narrow looms by slaves in Cabo Verde; the cloths were a valuable form of currency for the slave trade on the mainland.
  • Cabo Verde is generally free of major crime or unrest, with the country’s murder rate falling for four years in a row; the government reported 34 murders in 2019, a slight decline from the 37 reported in 2018.
  • Cabo Verde's geography, low proportion of arable land, scant rainfall, and lack of natural resources, territorial discontinuity and small population make it a high-cost economy lacking economies of scale.
  • Cabo Verde annually runs a high trade deficit financed by foreign aid and remittances from its large pool of emigrants; remittances as a share of GDP are one of the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Cabo Verde is a member of a constituency comprised of the following countries: Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Gambia
  • Cabo Verde’s tourism is dependent on international operators which include TUI and concentrated on two islands (Sal and Boa Vista) offering a “sun, sea, and sand” product.
  • Cabo Verde consists of nine inhabited islands, one uninhabited island, and various islets, located between 14°30′ and 17°30′ N and between 22°30′ and 25°30′ W.
  • Cabo Verde, also called Cape Verde, country comprising a group of islands that lie 385 miles (620 km) off the west coast of Africa.
  • Population

    2016 elections were free and fair, and all governments in Cabo Verde have generally respected the human rights of its citizens.Cabo Verde enjoys political stability and has a history of parliamentary democracy and economic freedom that is unusual in the region.In 2008, four years after the United Nations recommendations, Cabo Verde graduated from a Least Developed Country to a Lower Middle Income Country.In May of the same year, five months after the World Trade Organization (WTO) approved the GOCV application; Cabo Verde’s National Assembly unanimously ratified the agreement and formally acceded to the WTO.The country's climate is extremely arid, and prolonged drought frequently affects its economy.The economy is service-oriented, with tourism, transport, commerce, and public services accounting for more than 60 percent of GDP.The Republic of Cabo Verde is an archipelago located in the North Atlantic Ocean 300 miles west of Senegal, off Africa's west coast.This small African nation has a population of approximately 500,000 people spread over nine inhabited islands with limited natural resources.

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

    Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.

    History of Cabo Verde

  • In 1462 the first settlers from Portugal landed on São Tiago (Santiago), subsequently founding there the oldest European city in the tropics—Ribeira Grande (now Cidade Velha).
  • In 1877 it became a municipality.
  • In 1959, however, the Portuguese responded with violence and arrests, which convinced the PAIGC that only a path of armed struggle would be sufficient to end the colonial and fascist regime.
  • In 2008, four years after the United Nations recommendations, Cabo Verde graduated from a Least Developed Country to a Lower Middle Income Country.
  • In 2013, the Cape Verdean government determined that it would thenceforth use the Portuguese name “Cabo Verde” for official purposes, including at the United Nations, even when speaking or writing in English.
  • In 2018, under the Power Africa program, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and ECREEE started a partnership to enhance renewable energy development in West Africa.
  • In 2019, Cabo Verde made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.
  • In 2019, Cabo Verde welcomed almost 820,000 tourists (up from 145,000 tourists in 2000), and the government anticipated reaching one million tourists in 2021.
  • In 2019, criminal law enforcement agencies in Cabo Verde took actions to combat child labor (Table 7).
  • In 2019, labor law enforcement agencies in Cabo Verde took actions to combat child labor (Table 6).