Central African Republic

Overview of Central African Republic

  • The Central African Republic is roughly the size of France and is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan and South Sudan to the north and east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) and the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) to the south, and Cameroon to the west.
  • The Central African Republic is one of the least developed countries in Africa and its road network is in poor condition and services are almost non-existent away from the largest cities and towns.
  • The Central African Republic is ranked 44th among 47 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region, and its overall score is below the regional and world averages.
  • Central African Republic’s President Faustin-Archange Touadéra was sworn in on Wednesday in a ceremony atseemed by foreign dignitaries in the capital Bangui.
  • Central African Republic consists of 80 ethnic groups, each having their own language, including the Gbaya, Banda, Mandija, Sara, Mboum, M’baka and Yakoma.
  • Central African Republic has been in a state of emergency since January, making it easier for the military to detain suspects in its crackdown on rebels.
  • Central African Republic war crimes suspect Mahamat Said Abdel Kani has made
    his first appearance at the International Criminal Court (ICC).
  • Central African Republic is currently our 198th largest goods trading partner with $21 million in total (two way) goods trade during 2019.
  • The Central African Republic is situated just north of the Equator with daily temperatures normally reaching at least 30 degrees Celsius.
  • The Central African Republic is one of the world’s least-developed countries, with over 60 percent of its population living in poverty.
  • What is UNHCR doing to help?

    UNHCR is helping people affected by the violence and conflict.Inside CAR, UNHCR’s focus remains on life-saving protection and assistance, distributing basic relief items to the newly displaced and new community shelters are being set up in response to the growing number of IDPs.In neighbouring countries, UNHCR and its partners continue to respond to new arrivals while building refugee’s livelihoods and ability to sustain themselves.

    International Engagement in Fragile States: Can’t we do better?

    The 2011 Monitoring Report synthesises main findings and recommendations from across 13 countries, providing evidence from the ground of what works and what doesn’t.

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    Promoting responsibly sourced minerals: What can donors do?

    About the work of the DAC International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF) to support implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas.

    What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

    Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.

    How we’re helping in Central African Republic?

    The pervasive insecurity repeatedly hampered the ability of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) to deliver medical care and respond to the urgent needs of vulnerable people.Nevertheless, we continued to run 12 projects for local and displaced communities in six prefectures and the capital, Bangui, providing general  and emergency care, trauma surgery, maternal and pediatric services, assistance to victims of sexual violence and treatment for malaria, HIV and tuberculosis (TB).In addition, we launched a number of emergency interventions and maintained our assistance to Central African refugees living in Ndu, Democratic Republic of Congo, across the River Mbomou from CAR’s Bangassou.

    Healthcare for Mothers—and a Pathway to Peace?

    The Central African Republic (CAR) often tops lists of the world’s most neglected or forgotten humanitarian crises.One-quarter of…

    What is happening in Central African Republic?

    Although there have been fewer large-scale attacks on civilians, thousands of people are still living in constant fear, exposed to beatings, rape and murder, with no access to health care or other basic services.By the end of 2019, over 687,000 people were internally displaced, while the number of refugees from CAR in neighboring countries had risen to 592,000.

    History of Central African Republic

  • In 1849, the French captured a slave ship and released the passengers at the mouth of the Komo River.
  • In 1900, Rabih was overthrown by the French, who absorbed these kingdoms into the colony of French Equatorial Africa, as part of Ubangi-Shari (now the Central African Republic), in 1913.
  • In 1908, France organized French Equatorial Africa (AEF), comprising its colonies of Middle Congo (modern Congo), Gabon, Chad, and Oubangui-Chari (modern Central African Republic).
  • In 1908, France organized French Equatorial Africa (AEF), comprising the Middle Congo, Gabon, Chad, and Oubangui-Chari (the modern Central African Republic).
  • In 1910 it was joined with Gabon and the Middle Congo to become French Equatorial Africa.
  • In 1910, Gabon became one of the four territories of French Equatorial Africa, a federation that survived until 1959.
  • In 1946, the territory, now known as Chad, became an autonomous republic within the French Community.
  • In 1956, the Republic of Congo and the
    other three countries became autonomous members of the French Community.
  • In 1958 the territory voted to become an autonomous republic within the French Community, and on Aug.
  • In 1961 the team made a first appearance of the Africa Cup of Nations.
  • In 1966, they formed the Central African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC) to harmonize tariffs and to coordinate economic development.
  • In 1970, President Jean-Bédel Bokassa inaugurated the University of Bangui.[8] He established the national airline Air Centrafrique the following year and ordered the construction of two new luxury hotels in Bangui.
  • In 1976, cupro-nickel 500-franc coins were introduced.
  • In 1977, Libya seized a strip of Chadian land and launched an invasion two years later.
  • In 1991, it was the only sub-Saharan nation to send a contingent to participate in Operation Desert Storm in the Middle East.
  • In 1993, after more than 30 years of mostly incompetent and frequently brutal military regimes, a democracy was established.
  • In 1997, the Congo’s government had US$302 million in revenues and US$468 million in expenditures, with a major share of its revenues derived from oil drilling.
  • In 2000, a team of specialists determined that, although only 15 villages reported cases in 1999, Guinea worm disease probably was endemic.
  • In 2000, Senegal sent a battalion to the Democratic Republic of Congo to participate in the UN peacekeeping mission, and agreed to deploy a U.S.-trained battalion to Sierra Leone to participate in another UN peacekeeping mission.
  • In 2004, the U.S.
  • In 2006, The Carter Center honored the Central African Republic for having halted Guinea worm disease transmission for five years. In 2000, a team of specialists determined that, although only 15 villages in the Central African Republic reported infections in 1999, Guinea worm disease probably was endemic to the country. In 2007, the World Health Organization certified the Central African Republic as free of Guinea worm disease.
  • In 2013, an outbreak of violence between armed groups forced more than 640,000 people to flee the country in search of safety and an additional 630,000 were internally displaced (IDPs).
  • In 2013, mostly Muslim Séléka rebels led by Michel Djotodia overthrew Bozizé.
  • In 2016, the country ranked 188 out of 188 on the Human Development Index, despite the territory’s wealth, including diamonds, gold, timber, biodiversity, uranium, oil, and other resources coveted by international markets.
  • In 2016, the country’s first peaceful, democratic election raised hopes that CAR was beginning to stabilize, but more recently, violence between armed groups has escalated.
  • In 2019, Central African Republic GDP was an estimated $2.3 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 3.0%; and the population was 5 million.
  • In 2021, UNICEF will prioritize child-centred, life-saving interventions and risk reduction to support displaced, returning and host community people in the Central African Republic who have been impacted by the enduring crisis, recurring epidemics and natural disasters, while maintaining a strong focus on the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • In the 1880s, the area was under French control.
  • In the 1980s rising oil revenues provided the Congolese government with the ability to finance large-scale development projects by borrowing against a large share of its future oil income.
  • On 1 December 1958 the colony of Ubangi-Shari became an autonomous territory and took the name Central African Republic.
  • On 5 July Gabon gained another impressive victory, beating Rwanda 3–0.
  • On 9 July they faced Group A winners the Congo, and were narrowly beaten 1–0.