Overview of Chile

  • Chile’s democracy in those early years was precarious; President Patricio Aylwin, elected to succeed Pinochet and lead the transition, admitted as much, famously conceding that he would pursue justice for the many victims of the military regime only “insofar as it’s possible.” In any case, Aylwin had no authority to remove Pinochet as head of the armed forces.
  • Chile’s unusual, ribbon-like shape — 4,300 kilometres long and on average 175 kilometres wide — and North/South orientation crossing many latitudes has given it a varied climate, ranging from the world’s driest desert—the Atacama—in the north, through a Mediterranean climate in the centre, to a rainy temperate climate in the south.
  • Chile’s unconditional NDC target is 95 MtCO2e by 2030, therefore with full implementation of its planned policies, including the shutdown of all coal power plants and the electromobility strategy, Chile could meet or potentially overachieve its new unconditional target.
  • Chile, one of the United States’ strongest partners in Latin America, has maintained a robust democracy for the last 29 years including respect for the rule of law and a focus on economic stability, education, environmental protection, human rights, and development.
  • Chile lives in peace with its neighbors Argentina, Bolivia and Peru, but the country is always preparing for an attack, which a few Chileans think might happen since it’s a small and narrow country compared to its bigger neighbour Argentina, for example.
  • Chile has distinct geographic regions which can be roughly divided into four areas: the arid North; the fertile central valley midlands; the forested land and lakes in South-Central Chile; and the archipelagos, fjords, and channels of the far south.
  • Chile established two free trade zones: the Free Zone of Iquique (ZOFRI) in the northern tip (Region I), and the Free Zone of Punta Arenas (PARANEZON) in the southern tip (Region XII) during the 1970s to encourage trade.
  • Chile also claims sovereignty over 482,628 sq mi (1,250,000 sq km) of Antarctic territory; the Juan Fernndez Islands, about 400 mi (644 km) west of the mainland; and Easter Island, about 2,000 mi (3,219 km) west.
  • Chilean teachers are categorized according to their areas of specialization: preschool education 7 percent, special education 3 percent, elementary education 52 percent, and secondary education 39 percent.
  • Chile en nogada is a roasted poblano pepper stuffed with sweet ground beef with a cream sauce of walnuts, sherry, white wine and goat cheese at Cuishe Cocina Mexicana, a Mexican restaurant in Stone Oak.
  • Continent

    In the nineteenth century, while most Latin American countries were submerged in endless civil wars and constant social upheaval, Chile was a relatively prosperous nation with stable constitutional governments.The Chilean nation became highly respected in the rest of the continent and Chileans soon fully realized their country was in many aspects an honorable exception in this restless part of the world.This idea of representing an exception has heavily nurtured the sense of nation among Chileans and has helped them to differentiate themselves from the neighboring countries.


    But experts say the country’s speedy and efficient vaccination drive — only Israel, the United Arab Emirates and Seychelles have vaccinated a larger share of their populations — gave Chileans a false sense of security and contributed to a sharp spike in new infections and deaths that is overloading the health care system.


    Chile manufactures lovely leather shoes, but, compared with US-manufactured footwear, the choice of lasts is smaller and most ready made shoes come only one width for each size.Chileans dress stylishly and shop windows display fashionable, well-made clothes.Hand knit wool and cotton sweaters are a good buy here, as are leather goods.However, large sizes are difficult to find, and extra-long men’s clothing is unavailable.Locally made clothing is of good quality and reasonably priced, imported brands are more expensive.Long and narrow widths are available in only 2 or 3 stores.

    ¿En qué situación está Chile comparativamente?

    OCDE360 te ofrece los últimos análisis y datos de las principales publicaciones de la OCDE, junto con una serie de gráficos que ilustran temas de actualidad.

    From New Zealand?

    Go to: http://www.safetravel.govt.

    What public holidays are celebrated in Chile?

    For a current list of public holidays in Chile go to: https://www.worldtravelguide.

    Can I use my mobile/cell phone while in Chile?

    Mobile phone coverage is good in Chile’s cities, but may not be available in rural and mountainous areas.Ensure global roaming is activated with your service provider before leaving home.

    What went wrong?

    Critics have accused the Piñera government of getting caught up in triumphalism over the vaccine rollout and of having loosened coronavirus restrictions too fast.Critics have accused the Piñera government of getting caught up in triumphalism over the vaccine rollout and of having loosened coronavirus restrictions too fast.

    Are credit cards accepted widely in Chile?

    Major credit cards are widely accepted in Chile’s large cities and towns but may not be accepted by smaller vendors such as family restaurants and markets stalls in small towns and rural areas.Make sure to carry enough cash when visiting these parts in case credit cards are not an option.

    Factbox: Has China's $16 trillion economy fully recovered?

    China's GDP expanded by a dizzying 18.3% in the first three months of 2021 from a year earlier, sealing its status as COVID-19's "first in, first out" economy.It was the only major economy that showed an increase in gross domestic product (GDP) last year after successfully controlling the spread of the coronavirus pandemic at home.

    Is tipping customary in Chile?

    Leaving an extra 10% on top of your restaurant bill is considered polite in Chile, as is tipping porters and other service workers.Feel free to leave spare change or tip extra if the service is particularly good.

    Do I need any vaccinations before visiting Chile?

    No vaccines are required in order to enter Chile but some are recommended for protection against disease.Visit your doctor or travel clinic for advice and make sure to schedule vaccinations 4–6 weeks before your departure date, as some require time to become effective.

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    What are the toilets like in Chile?

    Toilets in Chile will vary depending on what area you are travelling in.Flushable, western-style toilets are common in the cities, large hotels, malls and clubs but more modest squat toilets are the standard in rural areas and while camping.Either way, carrying a supply of toilet paper and soap is a good idea, as these aren’t always available in public toilets.

    Do I need a visa to travel to Chile?

    Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveller.Entry requirements can change at any time, so it’s important that you check for the latest information.Please visit the relevant consular website of the country or countries you’re visiting for detailed and up-to-date visa information specific to your nationality.Check the Essential Trip Information section of the itinerary for more information.

    Will I experience altitude sickness in Chile?

    Most people can start to feel the effects of altitude at over 2000 m (6561 ft) regardless of age, gender or fitness level.Santiago is well below this elevation, but travellers heading to San Pedro de Atacama and the northern and central Andes might experience symptoms of high altitude.It’s important to take it easy, drink plenty of water and speak to your group leader at once if you feel unwell.

    Can I drink the water in Chile?

    Tap water is generally safe to drink in Chile, though some may get an upset stomach from the different mineral content.If you have a delicate stomach, you may want to opt for filtered water to avoid this.For environmental reasons, try to avoid buying bottled water.Instead, bring a reusable water bottle that can be filled with filtered water.Your leader or hotel can tell you where to find filtered water.

    From US?

    Go to: http://travel.state.

    Do I need to purchase travel insurance before travelling to Chile?

    Absolutely.All passengers travelling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of your trip.Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip.Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

    Is Chile a safe destination for LGBTQI-travellers?

    Chile is a relatively hassle-free destination for LGBTQI-travellers.Though traditionally a very Catholic and conservative nation, attitudes are increasingly changing.Same-sex marriage was legalized in 2015 and people are now more open about their sexuality.Santiago hosts an annual gay pride parade and has an active gay scene, particularly in Barrio Bellavista.Beach resorts, such as Vina del Mar, also have a number of gay clubs.

    What is the internet access like in Chile?

    Internet access is widely available in cities and tourist areas where there are many internet cafes and Wi-Fi hot spots.Internet access is less frequent in rural and remote areas.

    What is ATM access like in Chile?

    ATMs are found widely throughout Chile, so withdrawing cash shouldn’t be problematic in most areas.Some smaller villages and rural areas may not have ATM access, so prepare for this before venturing too far from a city or major town.

    From Canada?

    Go to: https://travel.gc.

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    Where is Chile?

    Chile is a country located in the southwestern part of South America.It is geographically positioned both in the Western and Southern hemispheres.Chile occupies a long, narrow coastal land strip wedged between the Andes Mountains to the east and the South Pacific Ocean to the west.It is bordered by Peru to the north; by Bolivia to the northeast; by Argentina to the east and by the Drake Passage to the south.

    History of Chile

  • In 1538 Dominican friar Vicente de Valverde became first bishop of Cuzco, a diocese that extended from modern Colombia to Chile.
  • In 1541, a Spaniard, Pedro de Valdivia, marched into Chile founded Santiago.
  • In 1542 this province became part of the newly established Viceroyalty of Peru, with its seat in Lima.
  • In 1765, a European explorer recorded the cultivation of F.
  • In 1818 Chile formally proclaimed independence.
  • In 1828 Peru fought a war against Gran Colombia over control of Jaén and Maynas territory, called the Gran Colombia-Peru War.
  • In 1837, the Peru-Bolivian Confederation was also created, but it was dissolved two years later due to Chilean military intervention.
  • In 1845 an official Chilean colonizing agency was set up in Europe to stimulate immigration, particularly from Germany.
  • In 1848 the Law of Colonization was passed by Spanish colonists interested in attracting foreign immigrants.
  • In 1855, El Ferrocarríl (The Railroad) became Santiago’s most distinguished newspaper; it ran until 1911.
  • In 1864, Spain organized a so-called naval expedition, whose main objective was to recover control of its former colonies.
  • In 1866, a revolt led by Juan Prim was suppressed, but it was becoming increasingly clear that the people of Spain were upset with Isabella's approach to governance.
  • In 1866, a Spanish attempt to regain possession of Peru was frustrated off the port of Callao.
  • In 1868, the Glorious Revolution broke out when the progresista generals Francisco Serrano and Juan Prim revolted against her, and defeated her moderado generals at the Battle of Alcolea.
  • In 1879 Peru entered the War of the Pacific, which lasted until 1884.
  • In 1879, Peru entered the War of the Pacific which lasted until 1884.
  • In 1881, it signed a treaty with Argentina confirming Chilean sovereignty over the Strait of Magellan.
  • In 1882, Monsignor Celestino del Frate was sent by the Vatican on special assignment to solve the conflict, but agreement between the two parties was never fruitful, the Papal dignitary was declared persona non grata, and subsequently, expelled from the country by the Chilean government.
  • In 1885 the United States occupied the city of Colón, Panama.
  • In 1891, Jorge Montt, a naval officer, led a revolt that resulted in eight months of civil war.
  • In 1903, a piece of Bolivia’s Acre Province, rich in rubber, was ceded to Brazil.
  • In 1909, “The Funny Jungleland Moving Pictures Book” was given to customers in the stores at the time of purchase of two packages of Kellogg’s Corn Flakes.
  • In 1909, The Funny Jungleland Moving Pictures Book came with the purchase of two packages of corn flakes.
  • In 1920, a coalition of middle and working class groups elected Arturo Alessandri Palma as president.
  • In 1925 the union designed their own flag, incorporating the arms of the four provinces.[5]
  • In 1928, two new educational systems were adopted in the country: escuelas experimentales (experimental schools) and escuelas modelo (model schools).
  • In 1929 Peru and Chile signed a final peace treaty, by which Tacna returned to Peru and Peru yielded permanently the rich provinces of Arica and Tarapaca but kept certain rights to port activities in Arica and a role in decisions over what Chile can do in those territories.
  • In 1929, Chile returned Tacna to Peru.
  • In 1940, the escuelas consolidadas were specifically developed in rural areas or urban poor neighborhoods to attend the needs of a growing population to continue their education.
  • In 1942, the Radicals won election easily over former dictator Ibáñez.
  • In 1945 Lucila Godoy Alcayaga (who wrote under the pseudonym Gabriela Mistral) became the first Latin American to receive this award.
  • In 1945 the Escuela de Educadora de Párvulos was authorized and incorporated to the University of Chile’s educational programs.
  • In 1950 Argentina won its first and only World Championship to date, with a squad formed entirely by amateur players, after defeating France (twice), Brazil, Chile, Egypt and the United States in the decisive match.
  • In 1952, along with Peru and Chile, Ecuador signed the Declaration of Santiago (joined later by Colombia) to enforce these rights.
  • In 1960 the first paved road was completed, linking the extreme north with Puerto Montt, located at the far southern tip of the Central Valley (Valle Central).
  • In 1967 the National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research was created.
  • In 1969 the American Kennel Club recognized these dogs as American Staffordshire Terriers and refused to recognize the American Pit Bull Terrier.
  • In 1969, Colombia, along with Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru, formed what is now the Andean Community.
  • In 1969, Colombia, along with Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Perú, formed what is now the Andean Community.
  • In 1970 Chile was exporting US$33 million in agriculture, forestry, and fishing products.
  • In 1970, about 49.0 percent of Chilean adolescents attended secondary schools as compared to 75.0 percent in 1989, and 81.8 in 1998.
  • In 1970, Chilean citizens elected the Socialist politician Salvador Allende as national president.
  • In 1970, however, the government nationalized the Lima Telephone Co.
  • In 1970, Salvador Allende became the first president in a non-Communist country freely elected on a Marxist program.
  • In 1970, Senator Salvador Allende, a Marxist and member of Chile’s Socialist Party, who headed the “Popular Unity” (UP) coalition of socialists, communists, radicals, and dissident Christian Democrats, won a plurality of votes in a three-way contest and was named President by the Chilean Congress.
  • In 1970, Senator Salvador Allende, a Marxist and member of Chile’s Socialist Party, who headed the “Popular Unity” (UP) coalition of socialists, communists, radicals, and
  • In 1970, Senator Salvador Allende, a Marxist and member of Chile’s Socialist Party, who headed the “Popular Unity” (UP) coalition of socialists, communists, radicals, and dissident Christian Democrats, won a plurality of votes in a three-way contest and was named President by the Chilean Congress.
  • In 1971, after nationalization of copper under the government of Salvador Allende, Codelco Chile took over operation of the El Salvador mine.
  • In 1975, non-mineral exports made up just over 30% of total exports, whereas now they account for about 60%.
  • In 1975, non-mineral exports were about 30 percent of total exports; by 1997 they accounted for 52 percent of export earnings.
  • In 1975, the first section of a new subway was opened in Santiago; the second section was opened in 1980.
  • In 1975, the government engaged Spanish consultants to undertake major tourist development on the island.
  • In 1975, the junta began to restore some of the traditional powers exercised by the 13-member Supreme Court.
  • In 1977, free trade zones were established in Iquique and Punta Arenas.
  • In 1978, the land reform law was replaced by new legislation that removed restrictions on the size of holdings.
  • In 1979 agriculture constituted 7.4 percent of the GDP, rising to 8.7 in 1989, and 8.4 in 1998.
  • In 1980 Chile had eight universities, while by 1990 this number increased to sixty, most of them being private institutions.
  • In 1980, Pinochet wrote a new Chilean Constitution and implemented the Ley de Seguridad Interior del Estado (State Security Law), which was intended to control and maintain social order for the purposes of expanding the economy.
  • In 1980, Pinochet wrote new laws and a new constitution.
  • In 1981, about 78 percent of Chilean students were registered in municipal schools as compared to 56 percent in 1996; and 15 percent of students in 1981 registered in private subsidized schools as compared to 35 percent in 1996.
  • In 1982 domestic production was at 2.48 million cubic meters.
  • In 1982, however, a severe economic slump (caused by the worldwide recession, low copper prices, and an overvalued peso) led to an inflation rate of 20.7%, a drop in the GDP of 15% in real terms, and jump in unemployment to 30%.
  • In 1983 the unemployment figure rose to 28.
  • In 1983, the School of Journalism of the University of Chile expanded its centers and established the Center for the Study of the Press.
  • In 1985 the sale of frozen and pre-packaged products stood at 1,120 tons.
  • In 1986 4.358 million cubic meters of gas were produced.
  • In 1986, about one-third of the island was a national park.
  • In 1987–97, science and engineering students accounted for 42% of college and university enrollments.
  • In 1987, students graduating from all schools of journalism in the country numbered 4,058, of which 2,690 were women.
  • In 1987, the School of Journalism expanded its degree programs to include the credential of Licenciado en Información Social (equivalent to a bachelor’s degree in social information) to the professional title of Journalist.
  • In 1988, Australia introduced its first polymer bank note and in 1996, Australia became the first country in the world to have a complete series of polymer notes.
  • In 1989 those figures were 41.8 and 18.9 percent, respectively.
  • In 1989, a series of amendments went into effect, reducing the influence and power of the military and consolidating the power of elected authorities.
  • In 1989, GDP growth rose to 10% and unemployment fell to 5%, although inflation remained in double digits (17%).
  • In 1989, Pinochet lost a plebiscite on whether he should remain in power.
  • In 1990 a National Office of Refugees was established to facilitate the reincorporation of returning exiles into Chilean society.
  • In 1990, President Cesar Gaviria instituted a national system of economic liberalization known as apertura, or opening.
  • In 1990, the elected government of President Patricio Alywin expanded the economic reforms that had been originally initiated by the military in the late 1970s.
  • In 1990, to ensure that Pinochet’s preferred presidential candidate would not take office, several center-left parties came together as the Coalition of Parties for Democracy (Concertación) and backed a single candidate.
  • In 1991, a constitutional amendment was passed granting some autonomy to local areas, but compared to other countries in the region; local governments in Chile remained weak.
  • In 1991, some 377,485 Peruvians left the country, and 309,136 returned.
  • In 1992 a National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development was established to finance first-rate research projects.
  • In 1992 the Chilean Ministry of Education created Fondart, a national fund for the development of art and culture.
  • In 1993-98, wine exports increased from US$129 million to US$500 million.
  • In 1994 Chile was the largest producer of finfish and shellfish with a 7 million ton catch, approximately 6 percent of the world’s total.
  • In 1994, five percent of Chile’s land was used for crops and 18 percent was designated as permanent pasture.
  • In 1994, the Chilean Ministry of Education, who had enacted a plan like this one, recognized that these policies had had negative effects on the quality of education.
  • In 1995 an undeclared war took effect between Peru and Ecuador along the disputed southern border.
  • In 1995, of those age 15 and over, some 95.2 percent of the total population was literate.
  • In 1995, some 86 percent of the total population lived in urban centers and 41 percent of the total population lived in urban agglomerations of one million or more.
  • In 1995, the leading causes of death per 100,000 were diseases of the circulatory system (150), cancer (116), injuries or accidents (64), and respiratory diseases (61).
  • In 1996 inflation was 8.2 percent, and it fell to 6.1 percent in 1997.
  • In 1996, Chile had 52 newspapers and newsprint consumption was 5,326 kilograms per one thousand inhabitants.
  • In 1996, Chile’s industrial carbon dioxide emissions totaled 48.7 million metric tons.
  • In 1996, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) office closed after 22 years of operation in Chile, as it was determined that the need for asylum for Chileans no longer existed.
  • In 1996, there were 814 legal Cubans, mostly working as musicians.
  • In 1997 Chile had a labor force of 5.7 million, with 38.3 percent occupied in services (including 12 percent in public services), 33.8 percent in industry and commerce, 19.2 percent in agriculture and forestry, 19.2 percent in fishing, 2.3 percent in mining, and 6.4 percent in construction.
  • In 1997 it accounted for 16.7 percent of Chile’s total world exports.
  • In 1997, exports reached US$17 billion and imports US$18.9 billion.
  • In 1997, the censorship laws written by Pinochet were still in effect and had a wide definition for constituting material that could be censored.
  • In 1997, there were 63 local and national television broadcast stations.
  • In 1998 a U.S.-based company, Boise Cascade, undertook a joint venture with the Chilean company Maderas Condor.
  • In 1998 Chile sold forest products to 95 countries, with Asia leading at 34.8 percent, followed by North America with 24 percent, and Europe at 23 percent.
  • In 1998 Chilean military expenditures
    amounted to $2.12 billion (U.S.), constituting 3.5 percent of the gross domestic product.
  • In 1998 construction accounted for 3 percent of the country’s GDP.
  • In 1998 forest exports reached an impressive US$1.66 billion, although this was down 9.3 percent from 1997.
  • In 1998 salmon sales provided approximately 42 percent of industry revenue and accounted for greater than 4 percent of global country exports.
  • In 1998 the Chilean workforce amounted to 5.8 million individuals.
  • In 1998 the tariff was 11 percent; it dropped to 9 percent in 2000 and will fall by 1 percent through the year 2003, at which time it will stabilize at 6 percent.
  • In 1998 the top exports were denim cloth, polyester viscose, and combed wool.
  • In 1998 this industry earned US$883.2 million from exports, increasing from US$722.4 million in 1996 and US$456.9 million in 1993.
  • In 1998, Alejandro Guillier Álvarez, a news anchor on Chile’s national television station, TVN, said government statistics showed that 80 percent of the news in Chile, came from official state agencies.
  • In 1998, Chile faced its first recession in 20 years.
  • In 1998, however, growth was slowed to 3.2% and then turned negative (-1.0%) in 1999 in the first contraction since 1983, as the effects of the Asian financial crisis of 1997, the Russian financial crisis of 1998, and the Brazilian financial crisis of 1999 were felt.
  • In 1998, Pinochet retired as head of the military and became a senator for life.
  • In 1998, the Ministry of Education allocated 82.7 percent of its financial resources to preschools, elementary and secondary educational systems, 16.1 percent to higher education, and 1.2 percent to cultural programs.
  • In 1998, the National Radio Association (ARCHI) reported that there were 179 AM and 614 FM stations in the country, with 24 AM and 32 FM stations in Santiago.
  • In 1998, the poorest 10 percent of Chilean households received only 1.2 percent of the national income, while those in the richest tenth possessed 41.3 percent of national wealth.
  • In 1998-1999 a pilot project sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Division of Multicultural and Bilingual Education, made a national call to compile didactic material for 1st and 2nd grades on a competitive basis.
  • In 1998-99 the Asian financial crisis reduced that region’s demand for copper, causing the price to significantly decrease.
  • In 1999 a severe drought exacerbated the recession by reducing crop yields and causing hydroelectric shortfalls and rationing.
  • In 1999 ENAP’s general manager issued a statement indicating that exhaustive exploration had failed to find new oil fields and that currently exploited deposits would be depleted within 6 years.
  • In 1999, 73 percent of total government revenues were derived from taxes.
  • In 1999, Chile experienced negative economic growth for the first time in more than 15 years.
  • In 1999, Chile had, in addition to the Central Bank, 29 banks and 3 finance societies (which have less capital than banks and cannot perform foreign trade operations).
  • In 1999, due to a regional recession, the Chilean construction sector was one of the worst performers of the year.
  • In 1999, exports amounted to $15.6 billion (U.S.).
  • In 1999, Peru continued to produce more refugees than it received, due particularly to human rights violations.
  • In 1999, the Chilean Minister of Foreign Affairs signed a resettlement agreement for refugees from the former Yugoslavia.
  • In 1999, there were 66 universities in Chile, and 200 other higher education institutions had been authorized.
  • In 2000 the birth rate stood at 17.19 per 1,000 while the death rate stood at 5.52 per 1,000.
  • In 2000, 94% of the population had access to safe drinking water and 97% had adequate sanitation.
  • In 2000, General Mills launched a national naming contest, eventually landing on the name "BuzzBee" or "Buzz" for short [ PDF ].
  • In 2000, radio was a prime source of current news to millions of Chileans, and the national networks devoted large budgets to maintaining professional news staff.
  • In 2000, the total of carbon dioxide emissions was 59.5 million metric tons.
  • In 2000, the unemployment rate was 9 percent.
  • In 2001 it was estimated that approximately 17% of household consumption was spent on food, 24% on fuel, 20% on health care, and 15% on education.
  • In 2001, FDI inflow was at a near average level of $5.5 billion.
  • In 2001, the “Law on Freedoms of Opinion and Information and the Practice of Journalism” passed in Congress and went into effect when President Ricardo Lagos signed it on May 18.
  • In 2001, the “Law on Freedoms of Opinion and Information and the Practice of Journalism” was signed into law.
  • In 2001, two newspaper chains operated in Chile.
  • In 2002, Chile belonged to several trading partnerships such as Mercosur, the South American free trade agreement.
  • In 2002, Chile signed a free trade agreement with the European Union, becoming the first Latin American nation to do so; in 2003, Chile signed a free trade agreement with the United States, becoming the second Latin American
    nation, after Mexico, to do so.
  • In 2002, Chilean journalists found support for their struggle through journalist organizations throughout the Southern Cone (Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Paraguay).
  • In 2002, Chile’s economy was in a slight recession, although the country was faring far better than its South American neighbors were.
  • In 2002, Condor was the German-language newspaper.
  • In 2002, many of Chile’s dailies were available online for the general audience.
  • In 2002, of the estimated 72,900 km (45,300 mi) of existing roads, only 8,700 km (5,406 mi) were paved.
  • In 2002, production totaled 14,000 barrels per day.
  • In 2002, Qué Pasa had an approximate circulation of 20 thousand readers.
  • In 2002, the dailies ranged from nationally distributed and high quality newspapers to small-town tabloids.
  • In 2002, the lead areas for FDI were transportation, telecommunications, and mining.
  • In 2003 there were 1,373,121 passenger cars and 749,914 commercial trucks, buses, and taxis.
  • In 2003, 27% of exports went to the U.S.
  • In 2003, about 42% of the tertiary age population were enrolled in some type of higher education program.
  • In 2003, airlines carried 5.247 million passengers on domestic and international flights.
  • In 2003, Chile contributed 3.4% to the world’s exports of fish products, valued at $2.13 billion.
  • In 2003, Chile produced 15,580 metric tons of elemental iodine, up from 11,648 metric tons in the previous year.
  • In 2003, Chile produced around 36% of the world’s mined copper, was home to the largest copper mine in terms of production, and continued to be a top producer and exporter of copper by volume and value.
  • In 2003, direct insurance premiums written in Chile totaled $3.396 billion, with $2.117 billion comprised of life insurance and $1.225 billion comprised of nonlife insurance.
  • In 2003, exports accounted for about 29% of GDP.
  • In 2003, lithium carbonate output was 41,667 metric tons, up from 35,242 metric tons in 2002.
  • In 2003, the Chilean economy showed clear signs of recovery, reaching a 3.3% growth in real GDP.
  • In 2003, the consumption of natural gas in Chile totaled an estimated 249.3 billion cu ft.
  • In 2003, there were 119.3 personal computers for every 1,000 people and 272 of every 1,000 people had access to the Internet.
  • In 2003, there were 346,300 automobiles and 234,800 commercial vehicles.
  • In 2003, there were about 319 municipal libraries and smaller 45 branch libraries nationwide.
  • In 2003, there were an estimated 67 mainline telephones for every 1,000 people; about 33,000 people were on a waiting list for telephone
    service installation.
  • In 2003, there were an estimated 759 radios and 523 television sets for every 1,000 people.
  • In 2003, there were several minor financial scandals involving insider information and bribery.
  • In 2004 there were an estimated 3.7 million sheep, 4 million head of cattle, 3.2 million hogs, 725,000 goats, and 790,000 horses, mules, llamas, and alpacas.
  • In 2004, 208,258 tons of beef and veal, 363,305 tons of pork, and 19,539 tons of mutton and lamb were produced.
  • In 2004, Chile had 6,585 km (4,096 mi) of broad and narrow gauge railways, of which narrow gauge right of way accounted for 3,754 km (2,335 mi).
  • In 2004, Chile had an estimated 109 physicians, 63 nurses and 43 dentists per 100,000 people.
  • In 2004, Chile passed a law permitting divorce for the first time.
  • In 2004, exports accounted for about 34% of GDP.
  • In 2004, exports of salmon and trout products were valued at $996.2 million and were projected to top $2 billion by 2010.
  • In 2004, the bulk of exports went to the United States (29.5%), China (9.9%), the United Kingdom (9%), Chile (5.1%), and Japan (4.4%).
  • In 2004, the forestry sector generated exports of $3.4 billion, or 11% of Chilean exports.
  • In 2004, the total area of commercial forests increased by 32,000 hectares (79,000 acres).
  • In 2004, the US Department of State estimated the daily cost of staying in Chile at $198.
  • In 2004, there were 239 companies were listed on the Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago, (BCS), which was founded on 27 November 1893.
  • In 2005, 30.6% of exports went to the U.S.
  • In 2005, approximately 7% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 24% of the population under 15 years of age.
  • In 2005, Chile started to implement the Integrated Plate boundary Observatory Chile (IPOC)[4] which in the following years become a network of 14 multiparameter stations for monitoring the 600-km seismic distance between Antofagasta and Arica.
  • In 2005, Chile’s labor force was estimated at 6.3 million workers.
  • In 2005, exports accounted for about 39% of GDP.
  • In 2005, exports reached $16 billion (FOB—Free on Board), while imports grew to $12 billion (FOB).
  • In 2005, inflation reached an estimated 3.7%.
  • In 2005, new reforms stripped most of the remaining authoritarian provisions from the constitution.
  • In 2005, the Chilean merchant marine had 47 vessels over 1,000 tons and a total GRT of 725,216.
  • In 2006 presidential elections, Socialist Michelle Bachelet won 53% of the vote.
  • In 2006, 23.0 percent of exports went to the U.S.
  • In 2006, 23.0% of exports went to the U.S.
  • In 2006, Brazil undertook a National Commission on Social Determinants of Health,25 and in Argentina and Chile, policies and governance arrangements were created to promote social determinants in the ministries of health and at high levels of national government.
  • In 2006, Chile has begun FTA negotiations with Japan and India.
  • In 2006, Chile plans to begin FTA negotiations with Japan and India.
  • In 2006, copper exports reached a historical high of U.S.
  • In 2006, the Government of Chile ran a surplus of $11.3 billion, equal to almost 8% of GDP.
  • In 2007, a Guinness World Record was achieved for setting off 16,000 fireworks.
  • In 2007, Chile held trade negotiations with Australia, Thailand, Malaysia, and China.
  • In 2007, Chile plans to begin negotiations with Thailand, Malaysia, and Australia.
  • In 2008, Chile hopes to conclude an FTA with Australia, and finalize an expanded agreement (covering trade in services and investment) with China.
  • In 2012, Berizzo was appointed head coach at O’Higgins FC, and achieved runner-up honours in his debut season, losing the final against Club Universidad de Chile in a penalty shootout.[9] On 10 December 2013 he led the team to the 2013 Apertura, this being the first title in the club’s 58-year history.[10]
  • In 2012, OSSTEM IMPLANT has introduced number of new products, such as TSIII CA Fixture, TSIII BA Fixture, SmartBuilder, 123 Kit, and ESSET Kit GP-Implant is a professional and innovative company that manufacturers implants, prosthetic parts and tools with more than 15 years of experience in the dentistry field.
  • In 2012, Tavares was replaced by Cuban coach Israel Blake Cantero who led the national team through the 2012 Caribbean Championship.
  • In 2013, for example, the US-based outdoor clothing brand Patagonia withdrew an application for the .patagonia extension after objection from Argentina and Chile.
  • In 2014, the Netherlands finish atop Group B with wins over Spain, Australia and Chile.[104] In the round of 16 match against Mexico, the Netherlands came back from a goal down to manage a 2–1 win in stoppage time with Klaas-Jan Huntelaar scoring a controversial penalty.[65] In the quarter-finals, they defeated Costa Rica on penalties however they lost to Argentina on penalties in the semi-final.
  • In 2015, the Argentine government approved the construction of the Agua Negra Tunnel.
  • In 2015, your group discovered a Jupiter-like exoplanet using the Gemini South Telescope in Chile, and before that, you helped discover a four-planet system.
  • In 2019, Chile GDP was an estimated $294.2 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 1.1%; and the population was 19 million.
  • In 2019, they made the farthest they ever had in the CONCACAF Gold Cup by going 3-0 in the group stages including a last-minute goal against Costa Rica and coming back from a 2-0 deficit against Canada in the Quarter-Finals, winning the game 3-2.
  • In 2020, it saw a drop in the ranking from 24th in 2019 to 28th in 2020 in the Global MBA ranking of Financial Times.
  • In 2020, working with crypto exchanges, Colombia introduced a sandbox test environment for cryptocurrencies, before Brazil’s Securities Commission and its Central Bank did the same.
  • In the 1860s and 1870s, the Peruvian government imported Chinese laborers to mine guano deposits, build railroads, and work on cotton plantations.
  • In the 1920s, Marxist groups with strong popular support arose.
  • In the 1930s in Honduras, archaeologists discovered dental implants dating back to about 600 A.
  • In the 1980s and 1990s a series of Chilean novelists obtained international recognition, including Isabel Allende, Ariel Dorfman, José Donoso, Francisco Coloane, Luis Sepúlveda, and Antonio Skarmeta.
  • In the 1980s, we were all enjoying C-3PO's, a honey-flavored cereal similar to cereal but shaped like little B's and 8's.
  • In the 1990s, Chilean journalists and advocates of free speech welcomed foreign journalists and scholars as instructors to teach their young students of journalism.
  • In the 1990s, Chile’s natural resources for export were copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, and hydropower.
  • In the 1990s, over 3 thousand Koreans legally registered as immigrants.
  • In the 1990s, the press was cautious, given the repression it had experienced under the years of military rule.
  • On 6 June 2003 Chile signed a free trade agreement with the United States, making it the second Latin American country to do so (after Mexico).
  • On 8 December, Chileans celebrate the Immaculate Conception (of the Virgin Mary).