Overview of Croatia

  • Croatia’s county prefects (with two deputy prefects), mayor of Zagreb (with two deputy mayors)[a] are elected for a four-year term by a majority of votes cast within applicable local government units, with a runoff election if no candidate achieves a majority in the first round of voting (majoritarian vote, two-round system).[6] County prefects (with deputy prefects and mayor of Zagreb with his/her deputies) can be recalled by a referendum.
  • Croatian Sheepdog is typically known as a healthy and hearty breed, they do suffer from a number of health problems, including: patellar luxation – dislocation of the knee, arthritis, difficulty in birthing – often leading to caesarian section, cataracts, cryptorchidism – failure of one or both of the testicles to fully descend, and bloat.
  • Croatia joined the European Union on 1 July 2013 and the Exchange Rate Mechanism on 10 July 2020 at a rate of 7.53450 HRK to €1.[10][11] The kuna is expected to be replaced by the euro, even though the initial time estimate of standard four years after joining the European Union proved too short.[11]
  • Croatian islands: Brac, Brijuni, Cres, Dugi Otok, Elafiti, Hvar, Korcula, Kolocep, Kornati, Krk, Lastovo, Losinj, Lopud, Mljet, Molat, Olib, Pasman, Pag, Rab, Sibenik Archipelago: Krapanj, Kaprije, Zlarin, Silba, Sipan, Susak, Vis , Zadar Archipelago, Peljesac Peninsula + Ferries to Croatian Islands
  • Croatian Regions: Istria , Dalmatia, Kvarner, Slavonia, Central Croatia, Hrvatsko Zagorje, Lika, Gorski Kotar | Castles in Croatia | Croatian places: Zagreb, Split, Dubrovnik, Pula, Rijeka, Sibenik, Osijek, Sinj, Zadar, Motovun , Trogir, Porec, Rovinj, Novigrad, Pazin, Groznjan, Opatija
  • Croatia boasts more than a thousand islands, surrounded by impossibly clear waters, and it’s easy to visit several of them via the frequent ferry services or catamarans which operate year round – although the frequency of crossings varies according to the season.
  • Croatia suffered great loss of life in the war, and while there was a few late effort to establish a Croatian section of the Empire, ultimately the military defeat led to the establishment of a separate South Slavic state, which would later be named Yugoslavia.
  • Croatian Foreign and European Affairs Minister Gordan Grlić Radman and Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Foreign Minister Bisera Turković agreed in Sarajevo on Wednesday to strengthen the cooperation between the two countries and gradually address outstanding issues
  • Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia formed a union in 1918 to create the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, but the occupation of Axis forces during World War II lead to the creation of the Independent State of Croatia, which only lasted a couple of years during the war.
  • Croatian Sheepdogs have almond shaped eyes and are alway black with soft, wavy to curly coats that is long on all body parts, with particularly pronounced feathering on the back legs and tail, except the head and ears where it’s short.
  • Continent

    Approximately 3 ticks in 1000 carry the virus.If you’re going camping or hiking in continental Croatia during summer, you should be aware of ticks and tick-carrying diseases such as encephalitis and lyme disease.


    After Jasenovac concentration camp was founded in 1941, solely by the governing Ustaše regime rather than by Nazi Germany as in the rest of occupied Europe, in its vision of an ethnically pure state – with Bosniaks considered as Croats of the Muslim faith – the NDH started targeting Serbs and two minorities, Jews and Roma, and others were killed because they were anti-fascists, as well as real or suspected political enemies.After the 1941 split between the Partisans and the Chetniks in Serbia, the Chetnik groups in central, eastern, and northwestern Bosnia found themselves caught between the German and Ustaše (NDH) forces on one side and the Partisans on the other.Almost immediately, a strong resistance movement was formed, led by communist leader Josip Broz “Tito” (whose father was a Croat), which gained broad popular support.Although NDH (1941–1945) was part of Croatia’s history, current Constitution of Croatia does not officially recognize the Independent State of Croatia as the historical or legitimate predecessor state of the current Croatian republic.By early 1945, the NDH army withdrew towards Zagreb with German and Cossack troops.In 1918, a short-lived State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (carved out of south Slavic parts of Austria-Hungary) joined the Kingdom of Serbia to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later renamed Yugoslavia in 1929.In the 2000s, the Jasenovac Memorial Site started working on a list of all the inmates who were killed or died at the camp, using existing name-by-name lists, documents, confirmations of deaths and verifications by relatives.Modelled on Nazi Nuremberg laws, the NDH in April 1941 passed legislation against “non-Aryan” Jews and Roma.Sorted by ethnicity, the list has 47,627 Serbs, 16,173 Roma and 13,116 Jews, while Croats, Bosniaks and others make up the total number.The British Army, however, refused them entry and turned them over to the Partisan forces, starting the Bleiburg repatriations.The Memorial site has put together the most comprehensive name-by-name list so far, which includes a total of 83,145 victims.The new state was unitarist in character, erasing all historical borders within its new territorial division, which resulted in a strong movement for more autonomy for Croatia.The Ustasa-led Nazi puppet state, the Independent State of Croatia – which included most of present-day Croatia, all Bosnia and Herzegovina and a small part of Serbia – had a population of some six million people, including around 3.5 million Croats, 1.8 million Serbs and 700,000 Bosniaks.They were overpowered and the advance of Tito’s Partisan forces, joined by the Soviet Red Army, caused a mass retreat of the Ustaše towards Austria.This was achieved in 1939, only days before the start of World War II, when Croatia was granted broad autonomy within Yugoslavia as Banovina of Croatia.When Axis powers Germany and Italy invaded Yugoslavia in 1941, the state was dissolved, parts of it annexed to Germany and Italy, and puppet governments installed in Croatia and Serbia.While the Memorial Site itself says that the number is not final, as well as admitting the possibility that there are isolated mistakes in its list, it believes that the total death toll is within its estimate of between 80,000 and 100,000 people.


    The Croatian Sheepdog is a medium-sized breed that has unique characteristics.They give a fox-like impression and have a beautiful wavy coat that is always black in color.White markings are allowed on their chest and feet.

    Contact us?

    WHO Regional Office for Europe
    UN City
    Marmorvej 51
    DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø

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    What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

    Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.

    Do I need a visa to visit Croatia?

    Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveller.Entry requirements can change at any time, so it’s important that you check for the latest information.Please visit the relevant consular website of the country or countries you’re visiting for detailed and up-to-date visa information specific to your nationality.Check the Essential Trip Information section of the itinerary for more information.

    Can I use my mobile/cell phone while in Croatia?

    Mobile phone coverage is generally very good in Croatia’s large cities and urban areas.Islands and remote areas may have less reliable service.Ensure global roaming is activated with your service provider before arrival.

    When's the best time to go to to Croatia?

    The peak tourist season along Croatia’s coast runs from July through August.It can be hot, crowded, and expensive, but several festivals and events still make it a fun time to visit.For a bit of breathing room and lower prices, try the shoulder seasons—May through June and September are particularly lovely times of year.Winter used to be the quietest period for tourism, but that has changed in the last two years with Zagreb’s Advent festivals bringing in thousands of visitors for Christmastime merriment.

    Are credit cards accepted widely in Croatia?

    Large hotels, restaurants and tourist sites will most likely accept credit cards.Always carry enough cash for smaller purchases and when shopping at vendors like market stalls and smaller cafes and hotels, which may not have credit card facilities.

    Do I need to purchase travel insurance before travelling to Croatia?

    Absolutely.All passengers travelling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of their trip.Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip.Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

    Croatia’s ‘war criminal’ Mirko Graorac: Guilty or innocent?

    A look at the case of Mirko Graorac, a Croatian Serb sentenced to 15 years for war crimes he may not have committed.

    What is ATM access like in Croatia?

    ATMs are readily available throughout Croatia.Cities and large towns will have more ATM access than small villages or rural areas, so prepare accordingly if travelling out of urban areas.

    Can I drink the water in Croatia?

    Tap water is considered safe to drink in Croatia; however, due to the different mineral content, some people may get stomach upsets from the drinking water if they aren’t used to it.A better option is finding filtered water rather than relying on bottled water.

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    Is Croatia a safe destination for LGBTQI-travellers?

    Discretion is advised for LGBTQI-travellers in Croatia.Homosexuality has been legal in Croatia since 1977 and is tolerated but not widely accepted.Public displays of affection between same-sex couples may be met with hostility.Gay venues are virtually non-existent outside Zagreb.

    So, guys, what’s it going to be?

    A mud bath in Zagreb or basking in the sun of Korcula Island? Whatever you pick, you are sure to fall in love with this remarkable Eastern European gem.

    What are the toilets like in Croatia?

    Western-style, flushable toilets are the norm in Croatia’s cities and urban centres.

    Is tipping customary in Croatia?

    Tipping isn’t mandatory in Croatia, although feel free to round up the bill or leave spare change for wait staff.Tip more if the service has been particularly good.Some restaurants and cafes will already include a 10-15% margin in the bill, to account for taxes and tips.In this case, generally no further tip is required.

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    What public holidays are celebrated in Croatia?

    For a current list of public holidays in Croatia go to: https://www.worldtravelguide.

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    What is the internet access like in Croatia?

    Travellers will be able to access the internet at internet cafes and hotels in Croatia’s large cities and tourist-orientated towns.Expect less internet accessibility in rural areas.

    How much does Croatia pay and receive?

    How much each EU country pays into the EU budget is calculated fairly, according to means.The larger your country’s economy, the more it pays – and vice versa.The EU budget doesn’t aim to redistribute wealth, but rather focuses on the needs of Europeans as a whole.

    What’s the legacy of Bosnia’s peace deal?

    Divisions remain 25 years after the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords.

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    History of Croatia

  • In 1935 a Croatian Vet, Prof Dr Stjepan Romic, started a selective breeding programme for the Croatian Sheepdog.
  • In 1490 the estates of Croatia declined to recognize Vladislaus II until he had taken oath to respect their liberties, and insisted upon his erasing from the diploma certain phrases which seemed to reduce Croatia to the rank of a mere province.
  • In 1526, after the Battle of Mohács, in which Hungary suffered a catastrophic defeat against the Ottoman Turks, Croatia severed its relationship with Hungary and its parliament (Sabor) voted to form a new personal union with the Habsburg Monarchy.
  • In 1823, Isaac Frink of Milton in Saratoga County, New York, obtained from Harry Kelsey of Florida New York, a red boar, one of a litter of ten pigs.
  • In 1830 in Buda, he published the book Kratka osnova horvatsko-slavenskog pravopisanja (“Brief basics of the Croatian-Slavonic orthography”), which was the first common Croatian orthography book.
  • In 1854, Franjo Beric of Djakova, a veterinarian, also wrote about them.
  • In 1867 the Dual Monarchy was created; Croatian autonomy was restored in 1868 with the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement which was comparatively favourable for the Croatians, but still problematic because of issues such as the unresolved status of Rijeka.
  • In 1868, Hungarian and Croatian assemblies concluded the Croatian–Hungarian Agreement by which Croatia was recognised as an autonomous region.
  • In 1894, three Germans by the names of Friedrich Robert, Elard König, and R.
  • In 1909 St.
  • In 1911 come out out, callous looking paws and noses that get compliments or fur rat to a tail!
  • In 1911 release multiple eggs during ovulation and are thus capable of conceiving every time they mate this…
  • In 1918, a short-lived State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (carved out of south Slavic parts of Austria-Hungary) joined the Kingdom of Serbia to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later renamed Yugoslavia in 1929.
  • In 1918, Herzegovina became a part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia).
  • In 1918, Serbia, which included much of Macedonia, joined in union with Croatia, Slovenia, and Montenegro to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929.
  • In 1929 that federation was formally constituted as Yugoslavia.
  • In 1929, King Aleksandar proclaimed a dictatorship and imposed a new constitution which, among other things, renamed the country the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  • In 1933, this pig from Croatia is native duroc pig facts the United States in areas such as York.
  • In 1933, this pig from Poland weighed a staggering 2,552 pounds (1157 kg) according to the Guinness World Records.
  • In 1934, King Aleksandar was assassinated abroad, in Marseille, by a coalition of the Ustaše and a similarly radical movement, the Bulgarian IMRO.
  • In 1935, Prof.
  • In 1935, veterinarian Prof Dr Stjepan Romic, in Djakovo started a systematic breeding program on Croatian Sheepdog with three dogs named Garavusa Gara (female), Buda, and Sojka and got it recognised by FCI in 1969 after 34 years of his hard work.
  • In 1941 Herzegovina fell once again under the rule of the fascist Independent State of Croatia.
  • In 1944, North Macedonia was constituted as are public in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
  • In 1945 Svetislav Glišović led the first unofficial national team representing the People’s Republic of Serbia in a tournament held to mark the end of World War II.
  • In 1949, they were presented to the public for the first time at the first state dog show in Zagreb.
  • In 1951, Dr.
  • In 1968 the Yugoslav Kennel Club gave the breed recognition and adopted the breed standard and after 34 years the FCI gave the breed recognition in 1969.
  • In 1969 FCI has finally accepted this dog breed as Croatian sheepdog.
  • In 1969, the Croatian Kennel Club (CKC) registered 130 Croatian Sheepdog females, 72 males, and classified more than 30 of their ancestors.
  • In 1980, after Tito's death, the presidency of the subsequent communist regime rotated between representatives of each of the six republics and two provinces.
  • In 1980, after Tito’s death, economic, political, and religious difficulties started to mount and the federal government began to crumble.
  • In 1989, Milosevic, with his vision of a "Greater Serbia" free of all other ethnicities, won the presidency in Serbia.
  • In 1989, Slobodan Milosevic became president of the Serbian republic.
  • In 1990, free elections were held, and the Communists were defeated by a nationalist party led by Franjo Tudjman.
  • In 1990, multiparty elections were held in Slovenia, Croatia, and in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
  • In 1992, the international community recognized Croatian independence, but UN-protected areas still remained occupied by the Serbs.
  • In 1993 the authorities in Sarajevo adopted a new language law (Službeni list Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, 18/93): “In the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Ijekavian standard literary language of the three constitutive nations is officially used, designated by one of the three terms: Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian.”[11]
  • In 1994,[9] coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 lipa (Croatian word for linden or tilia tree), 1, 2, 5 and 25 kuna.
  • In 1995, after decades of Communist rule and ensuing bloody wars, Croatia emerged from the shadows into the travel spotlight—a nearly undiscovered corner of Europe.
  • In 1995, Operation Storm initiated, and Croatia’s government won back control of most of the country from the Serbs.
  • In 1995, when Wanda S.
  • In 1996, Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic succumbed to pressure, and he surrendered Eastern Slavonia and pulled out his troops.
  • In 1996, the breed was accepted into the American Kennel Club’s (AKC) Foundation Stock Service , but as of 2020 the Catahoula leopard dog has not met the requirements for AKC registration and is not eligible for AKC events.
  • In 2001 its steam generators were replaced and the plant was uprated by 6%, followed by an additional 3% subsequently.
  • In 2003, Croatia formally submitted its application to join the EU.
  • In 2004, the government of Montenegro changed the school curriculum so that the name of the mandatory classes teaching the language was changed from “Serbian language” to “Mother tongue (Serbian, Montenegrin, Croatian, Bosnian)”.
  • In 2006 the Croatian large agility
    team won gold in AWC in Basel, naturally Miska was also in the team 🙂

  • In 2006 the Croatian large agility
    team won gold in AWC in Basel, naturally Miska was also in the team 🙂

  • In 2006, Miska was mated with Mawlch Grom, producing a litter of three, all with outstanding working abilities: Kaj (male), Kal (male), known as “Rudi”, and Kisa (female).
  • In 2006, the intervention was jointly awarded the European Prize for Urban Space.
  • In 2006, the United Kennel Club did the same.
  • In 2008 Mr.
  • In 2009 at the First Croatian Sheepdog Working Championships, Mr.
  • In 2011, at the request of the governments of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, and Kosovo, ICMP initiated the compilation of a unified regional list of persons missing in the Western Balkans.
  • In 2011, the accession agreement was concluded, giving Croatia the all-clear to join.[61]
  • In 2014, Croatia ranked 32nd in wine production by country with an estimated 45,272 tonnes.[21]
  • In 2015, THINK SPACE is conducting an international, public, anonymous, single stage, conceptual architectural – urbanistic idea design Competition under the topic THINK public SPACE.
  • In the 1820s and 1840s, the interest in Slovene language and folklore grew enormously, with numerous philologists collecting folk songs and advancing the first steps towards a standardization of the language.
  • In the 1920s, the Earth Group sought to reflect reality and social issues in their art, a movement that also saw the development of naive art.
  • In the 1960s, non-conventional forms of visual expression took hold along with a more analytical approach to art, and a move towards new media, such as photography, video, computer art, performance art and installations, focusing more on the artists’ process.
  • In the 1990s, there was a general confusion about the proper character encoding to use to write text in Latin Croatian on computers.
  • In the 2000s, the Jasenovac Memorial Site started working on a list of all the inmates who were killed or died at the camp, using existing name-by-name lists, documents, confirmations of deaths and verifications by relatives.
  • On 1 December 1918 the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs merged with Serbia, becoming part of the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, itself being renamed in 1929 to Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  • On 2 May 1991 the Croatian parliament voted to hold a referendum on independence.[51] On 19 May 1991, on an almost 80% turnout, 93.24% voted for independence.
  • On 8 October 1991, the Croatian Parliament severed all remaining ties declaring their independence from Yugoslavia.