Overview of Cyprus
Cyprus ( Greek: Κύπρος, Kýpros; Turkish: Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus ( Greek: Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία, Kypriakí Dhimokratía; Turkish: Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is a Eurasian island nation in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea south of the Anatolian peninsula (Asia Minor) or modern-day Turkey.
Cyprus has been a divided island since 1974 when Turkey invaded the north in response to a military coup on the island which was backed by the Athens government. Since then, the internationally recognized Republic of Cyprus has controlled the south two-thirds, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, only recognized by Turkey, the northern one-third.
Cyprus Airways had its head offices in the entrance of Makariou Avenue. According to a recent UBS survey in August 2011, Nicosia is the wealthiest per capita city of the Eastern Mediterranean and the tenth richest city in the world by purchasing power in 2011.
Cyprus (12-710) – Agreement Exseeming and Amending the Agreement of July 16, 2002 Concerning the Imposition of Import Restrictions on Pre-Classical and Classical Archaeological Objects and Byzantine Period Ecclesiastical and Ritual Ethnological Materials
Cyprus plans to launch a register in coming months identifying the owners of thousands of companies on the island, lifting a veil of secrecy on opaque and complex corporate structures that campaigners say can help criminals seeking to hide their loot.
Cyprus is a member of the Pet Travel Scheme which allows pets from any of the countries covered by the scheme to enter Cyprus without quarantine provided they meet specified anti-rabies, blood sampling and anti-worm/anti-tick hygiene requirements.
Cyprus would finish behind Estonia and ahead of Gibraltar to place 5th of 6 teams in Group H in the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifiers. Their qualification run would include an impressive 3-2 home victory over Bosnia.
Cyprus is also one of the world’s oldest grape-growing and winemaking regions, with its fruits of the grape ranging from delicate whites and full-bodied reds to the rich sweet amber-coloured dessert nectar known as Commandaria.
Cyprus was placed under British control on June 4, 1878 as a result of the Cyprus Convention, which granted control of the island to Britain in return for British support of the Ottoman Empire in the Russian-Turkish War.
Cyprus lies about 40 miles (65 km) south of Turkey, 60 miles (100 km) west of Syria, and 480 miles (770 km) southeast of mainland Greece.
Another reason why Cyprus is such a popular destination is due to the fact that is one of the most beautiful islands in the Mediterranean and offers a variety of attractions and things to do , ranging from historical attractions such as medieval castles and archaeological sites to other cultural attractions such as beautiful beaches, villages, churches, monasteries and many more.Cyprus is considered as one of the most popular vacation destinations due to its strategic location in the Mediterranean which is a crossroad point of three major continents Europe, Asia and Africa.
A notable British presence remains to this day and Cyprus has become home to a large expat community.The biggest group of expats living in Cyprus consists of British nationals, but there are also large communities of Americans, Russians and other Eastern European nationals.Today, Cyprus has the second highest percentage of foreign citizens in the European Union, with 13% of the total population from other EU member states, and around 7% from non-EU countries according to a survey of the EU’s statistical office.
km.The countries surrounding the island of Cyprus are Greece (to the west ), Turkey (to the north), Lebanon, Syria (to the east), Israel and Egypt (to the south).Geographically the island of Cyprus belongs to the Middle East , however due to its strong ties with Europe and in particular with Greece, it is considered a part of west Europe.
What can I do to avoid bed bugs?
Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.
What Money Do They Use in Cyprus?
Since January 1st, 2008, Cyprus has used the Euro as its official currency.In practice, many merchants take a wide variety of foreign currency.The Cyprus Pound was gradually phased out over the following few years.Northern Cyprus still uses the Turkish Lira as its official currency.You can check the conversion rates using one of these currency converters.While Northern Cyprus will continue to officially use the Turkish Lira, in practice its merchants and hoteliers have been accepting a wide variety of foreign currency for years, and this will continue.
What Is the Capital of Cyprus?
Nicosia is the capital; it is divided by "The Green Line" into two parts, similar to the way Berlin was once divided.Access between the two parts of Cyprus has often been restricted but in recent years has been generally problem-free.
How much does Cyprus pay and receive?
How much each EU country pays into the EU budget is calculated fairly, according to means.The larger your country’s economy, the more it pays – and vice versa.The EU budget doesn’t aim to redistribute wealth, but rather focuses on the needs of Europeans as a whole.
What Kind of Government Does Cyprus Have?
Cyprus is a divided island with the northern portion under Turkish control.This is called "The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" but is only recognized as legitimate by Turkey itself.Supporters of the Republic of Cyprus may refer to the northern portion as "Occupied Cyprus".The southern portion is an independent republic called the Republic of Cyprus, sometimes referred to as "Greek Cyprus" though this is misleading.It is culturally Greek but is not part of Greece.The entire island and the Republic of Cyprus is part of the European Union, though this does not quite apply to the northern portion of the island under Turkish control.To understand this situation, the official European Union page on Cyprus explains the details.
Need a little help from our destination experts?
Make sure your trip is truly unforgettable by talking to one of our travel specialists.
Where is Cyprus?
Cyprus is a small independent island located in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and is the third largest island in population and size in the Mediterranean , after Sicily and Sardinia with an area of 9,251 sq.km.The countries surrounding the island of Cyprus are Greece (to the west ), Turkey (to the north), Lebanon, Syria (to the east), Israel and Egypt (to the south).Geographically the island of Cyprus belongs to the Middle East , however due to its strong ties with Europe and in particular with Greece, it is considered a part of west Europe.
Isn't Cyprus Part of Greece?
Cyprus has extensive cultural ties with Greece but is not under Greek control.It was a British colony from 1925 until 1960.Prior to that, it was under British administrative control from 1878 and under Ottoman Empire control for most of the preceding several hundred years.
What Caused The Division Of The Island Of Cyprus?
In 1878 the island of Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, came under British control.Its population is made up of both Greek and Turkish Cypriots.The Greek Cypriot majority desired the removal of British rule and union with Greece, known as Enosis.In 1955, the campaign for Enosis was led by Archbishop Makarios of the Cyprus Orthodox Church and by Colonel George Grivas, Head of Ethniki Organosis Kuprion Agoniston – National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters (EOKA).They aimed to achieve Enosis by attacking government and military installations and personnel and by mobilising the civilian population to demonstrate against the British presence.
Cyprus has a very favourable tax regime for individuals and companies residing there.Over 80% of the country speaks English and there are excellent education facilities including several UK universities with campuses on the island.Cyprus has the lowest crime rate in Europe and is the 5th safest country in the world.There is a high standard of educational institutions and healthcare facilities.Cyprus is strategically located at the crossroads of three continents, Europe, Asia and Africa.Cyprus is set to join the EU Schengen zone soon.Property acquired is freehold, there is a low property tax and there is reduced VAT on property of just 5% (subject to conditions).
Where is Cyprus?
Cyprus is a Eurasian island country, located in the extreme north eastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea.Cyprus is the 3rd largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.Cyprus belongs geographically to Western Asia (Middle East) and politically to Europe.Cyprus is positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the earth.Across the sea, it is located to the southeast of Greece, to the south of Turkey, to the west of Lebanon and Syria, and to the north of Egypt, Israel and the Palestinian Gaza Strip.
It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.
History of Cyprus
In 1191, Cyprus was conquered by the English king, Richard the Lionheart, while on his way to take part in the Third Crusade.
In 1308, the Lusignan king, Henry II of Jerusalem, repaired the church after it was destroyed by an earthquake.
In 1489, when Cyprus came under the rule of the Republic of Venice, Nicosia became their administrative centre and the seat of the Republic.
In 1567 it was later diverted outside onto the newly built moat for strategic reasons, due to the expected Ottoman attack.
In 1670, Cyprus ceased to be a "pasaliki" for the Ottoman Empire and came under the jurisdiction of the Admiral of the Ottoman fleet.
In 1703, Cyprus came under the jurisdiction of the Grand Vizier (Anthony Petane) who sent to the island a military and civil administrator.
In 1896, the G.S.
In 1950, a huge majority of Cypriots voted in a referendum in support of such a union.
In 1955 an armed struggle against British rule began aiming to unite the island with Greece, Enosis.
In 1955, the struggle against British rule erupted, lasting until 1959.
In 1960 Cyprus became independent of Britain (it had been a crown colony since 1925) as the Republic of Cyprus.
In 1960 Nicosia became the capital of the Republic of Cyprus, a state established by the Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
In 1960 with the declaration of independence of Cyprus, the Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus gave Turkish Cypriots the right to establish their own municipality. As negotiations between the two sides to establish separate municipalities failed in 1962, implementing legislation was never passed. Since the complete division of Nicosia following the Turkish Invasion in 1974, the Nicosia Turkish Municipality has become the de facto local authority of northern Nicosia.
In 1963, the Cypriot president, Makarios, proposed 13 amendments to the Constitution in order to “remove obstacles to the smooth functioning and development of the state.” This was done with the encouragement of the British High Commissioner in Cyprus, who considered the amendments “a reasonable basis for discussion.” Violence erupted between Greek and Turkish Cypriots in December 1963 and by the following year the United Nations agreed to undertake peacekeeping operations UNFICYP.
In 1963, the Greek Cypriot side proposed amendments to the constitution, which were rejected by the Turkish Cypriot community. During the aftermath of this crisis, on 21 December 1963, intercommunal violence broke out between Greek and Turkish Cypriots.
In 1974 a Greek military coup, which aimed to unite the island with mainland Greece, led to a Turkish invasion and the division of the island between Turkish Northern Cyprus and the Greek Cypriot Republic of Cyprus.
In 1974, a Greek Cypriot coup aiming at Greece’s annexation led to Turkey’s military intervention as a guarantor power.
In 1974, following a coup sponsored by the Greek military junta of 1967-1974 and executed by the Cypriot National Guard the invasion of troops from Turkey (citing its authority as one of the three guarantor powers established by the Constitution), the Turkish Cypriots formally set up their own institutions with a popularly elected president and a prime minister, responsible to the National Assembly, exercising joint executive powers.
In 1974, the national team enjoyed one of their most famous victories when they beat Northern Ireland 1–0 in Nicosia.
In 1981 Anastasiades was elected to the first of six terms in the Cypriot House of Representatives.
In 1981 its share in total exports fell below 5 percent
and by the end of the 1980s to less than 1 percent.
In 1983, a separate Turkish administration declared the
northern territory an independent state and calls itself the Turkish
Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC).
In 1983, the Turkish Cypriots declared an independent “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus”, which has never been recognized by any country except Turkey. In 1985, they adopted a constitution and held elections—an arrangement recognized only by Turkey.
In 1983, the Turkish Cypriots declared an independent state called the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), an action opposed by the United Nations Security Council.
In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself to be the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (TRNC).
In 1985, the TRNC adopted a constitution and held its first elections.
In 1985, the TRNC adopted a constitution and held its first elections.
In 1985, the TRNC adopted a formal constitution and held its first elections.
In 1988, George Vassiliou, a conservative and critic of UN proposals to reunify Cyprus, became president.
In 1989 they drew 1–1 with France in the World Cup qualifying match.
In 1991 real GDP actually fell by 4.3 percent, and then
by 4.1 percent in 1994 as a result of the economic crisis in Turkey.
In 1993-1994 there were 21,230.
In 1995 Anastasiades was appointed to the National Council, which was tasked with advising the Cypriot president on matters relating to the partition between the Greek and Turkish sections of Cyprus.
In 1995, Greece agreed to recognize the country as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
In 1996 the area under field crops was 93,000 hectares.
In 1996, the Central Bank of Cyprus achieved substantial
progress in its campaign to liberalize and reform Cyprus's
In 1998 revenue from
agricultural products was US$531 million.
In 1998, the Turkish zone experienced an
inflation rate of 66 percent, which was the same as in Turkey.
In 1999, 2.4 million foreign tourists arrived in the southern
In 1999, earnings from tourism were
estimated at around US$405 million, equivalent to 43 percent of the
In 1999, the building of the New GSP Stadium in Nicosia provided a new home for the national team but in 2008 a change of sponsorship forced home fixtures for 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification to be played at the Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium.
the Republic of Cyprus was actively trying to attract high-technology
businesses to the country.
In 2001, Bruno Zauli took place here with great success.
In 2001, Karn began to work with Gota Yashiki, Vivian Hsu, Masahide Sakuma, and Masami Tsuchiya in the band The d.e.p., or doggy eels project. In 2001, he worked with Paul Wong on his “Yellow Paul Wong” release.
In 2001, the population was comprised of 77% Greek Cypriots, 18% Turkish and 5% other, with about 10,500 people of Russian origin in the nation.
In 2002, the stadium was home for Israeli clubs for the UEFA Cup and UEFA Champions League matches.
In 2003 checkpoints opened for the first time allowing both sides to cross over with a passport or valid ID.
In 2005 Greece’s active armed forces totaled 163,850 members and were supported by some 325,000 reservists.
In 2005, the defense budget totaled $4.46 billion.
In 2005, the UK's Guardian Newspaper reported that up to 10,000 Europeans had invested in property in the north of Cyprus, a trend that still causes concern in the south.
In 2006, Kyrgyzstan took part in the inaugural ELF Cup in Northern Cyprus.
In 2006, Tajikistan took part in the inaugural ELF Cup in Northern Cyprus.
In 2007, after trials with West Ham and Derby County, Okkas became the first Cypriot player to move to Spain, signing a contract with Celta Vigo. In 2008, he returned to Cyprus to play for Omonia. Okkas was released from Omonoia, in June 2009, after confronting manager Takis Lemonis on his playing position. In 2009, he returned to Anorthosis, signing a three-year contract with the club. After being released by Anorthosis, Ermis Aradippou became the fourth, and last, team, Okkas would play in the Cypriot First Division. He debuted for Ermis, in an away defeat against APOEL. In his second match for Ermis, Okkas scored twice to help the club get past ENP.
In 2009, Karn also released his autobiography, titled Japan & Self Existence, available through his website and Lulu, which details his music career, his interests in sculpture and painting, his childhood, relationships, and family.
In 2012 Anastasiades announced his candidacy for the Cypriot presidential election scheduled for the following year.
In the 1950s, Greek Cypriots began to demand union with Greece.
In the 1950s, minerals accounted for almost 60
percent of all exports and employed more than 6,000 people.
On 3 September 2010, as part of the Euro 2012 qualifiers, Cyprus claimed a historic result against Portugal after drawing 4–4 in Guimarães.
On 5 September 2009, Montenegro took an early lead against Bulgaria in Sofia with Stevan Jovetić putting them 1–0 up, only for Bulgaria to recover and win 4–1.
On 6 September 2008, Montenegro played their first World Cup qualifier against Bulgaria at the Podgorica City Stadium.
On 7 October 2006, a new kit was made by Diadora.
On 7 October 2006, as part of the Euro 2008 qualifiers, Cyprus caused a major upset by beating the Republic of Ireland 5–2 in New GSP Stadium in Nicosia, with Michalis Konstantinou and Constantinos Charalambidis each scoring two goals and Alexandros Garpozis one goal.
On 8 October 2010, Okkas reached 100 appearances for Cyprus national football team in a 1–2 home loss against Norway, in match that he managed to score his 26th goal for Cyprus.