Overview of Djibouti

  • Djibouti is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked for the purposes of sexual exploitation and possibly forced labor; small numbers are trafficked from Ethiopia and Somalia for sexual exploitation; economic migrants from these countries also fall victim to trafficking upon reaching Djibouti City or the Ethiopia-Djibouti trucking corridor; women and children from neighboring countries reportedly transit Djibouti to Arab countries and Somalia for ultimate use in forced labor or sexual exploitation.
  • DJIBOUTI CITY, Djibouti, April 14, 2021 –  IOM, the International Organization for Migration, and UNICEF, have confirmed that at least 16 children and 27 adults have died after a migrant ship controlled by people smugglers capsized off the coast of Djibouti in the early hours of Monday morning, April 12.
  • Djibouti is a small dry country strategically-located in the Horn of Africa at the southern entrance to the Red Sea.With a population of 887,900 in 2015, according to the World Bank, its economic activity centres upon providing port services, including for its land-locked neighbour Ethiopia.
  • Djibouti hosted the first leg at Stade du Ville in Djibouti on 7 April 2000, drawing the match 1–1 before a crowd of 2,700 fans.[4] The squad lost the second leg 9–1 away at the Stade des Martyrs in Kinshasa and the DR Congo advanced 10–2 on aggregate.[5]
  • Djibouti soon seized all of Boreh’s assets inside the country, and in 2010 its courts convicted him in absentia on terrorism charges: He was the mastermind, the government alleged, of a politically motivated grenade attack on a local grocery store.
  • Djibouti is a member of a constituency comprised of the following countries: Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda
  • Djibouti is a small, strategically located, lower middle-income, East-African country with high poverty levels despite its 7% annual growth rate and its position of middle income country, lower tranche.
  • Djibouti's President Ismail Omar Guelleh recently revealed to AFP news agency that talks were ongoing between both nations over the establishment of China's first official overseas naval base.
  • Djibouti hosts the largest American permanent military base in Africa, Camp Lemonnier, which is home to more than 4,000 personnel – mostly part of the Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa.
  • Djibouti has an elevation range exceeding 2000 metres, running from Lac Assal, at 155 metres below sea level, to Moussa Ali, at around 2 km above sea level.
  • Continent

    Additionally, the Regional Somali Language Academy, a language regulator established in June 2013 by the governments of Djibouti, Somalia and Ethiopia, has its headquarters in the city.[27]
    Djibouti also serves as a hub for various state agencies, as well as continental and international organizations.The Social Development Agency of Djibouti (Agence de Développement Sociale de Djibouti) has its head offices here, as does the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) trade bloc.


    Real GDP growth was estimated at 5.6 per cent in 2018, up from 4.1 per cent in 2017, due to normalization of the situation with Ethiopia and large infrastructure investments. 


    Back then, Djibouti, a country about the size of New Jersey, had one paved road and less than a square mile of arable land.The Associated Press deemed it perfectly devoid of resources, “except for sand, salt, and 20,000 camels.” The New York Times guessed the new nation might get swallowed up by one of its neighbors—Ethiopia or Somalia, maybe—because it was “so impoverished that it cannot stand on its own.”

    Can I drink the water in Djibouti?

    Tap water isn’t considered safe for travellers to drink.For environmental reasons, try to avoid buying bottled water.Ask your leader and accommodation provider for local advice on where drinking water can be accessed.Also, avoid ice in drinks and peel fruit before eating.

    ¿Qué va a pasar con los créditos millonarios que China otorgó a los países pobres?

    Sus economías sufren y las naciones deudoras quieren que Pekín perdone o renegocie los préstamos.Hacerlo sería costoso.Rehusarse puede dañar la imagen global del gigante asiático.

    Can I use my mobile/cell phone while in Djibouti?

    Mobile coverage is generally good across the country.Your phone may work on roaming, depending on your home network.You can also purchase a local SIM card for around USD 11.

    From New Zealand?

    Go to: http://www.safetravel.govt.

    What are the toilets like in Djibouti?

    Very basic squat/pit toilets are the standard in Djibouti, except for western-style flushable toilets that are sometimes available in large hotels and other modern buildings.Carry your own supply of soap and toilet paper, as this is rarely provided.


    The Port of Djibouti is located at the southern entrance to the Red Sea, at the intersection of major international shipping lines connecting Asia, Africa and Europe.

    From UK?

    Go to:

    Are credit cards accepted widely in Djibouti?

    Credit cards are accepted at upmarket shops and hotels, though some will place a surcharge on the payment.

    From Canada?

    Go to: https://travel.gc.

    Do I need a visa to travel to Djibouti?

    All nationalities require a visa to visit Djibouti.

    Do I need to purchase travel insurance before travelling in Djibouti?

    Absolutely.All passengers travelling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of their trip.Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip.Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

    From US?

    Go to: http://travel.state.

    Is tipping customary in Djibouti?

    Leaving a small tip in restaurants is welcomed.

    What is ATM access like in Djibouti?

    There are ATMs in Djibouti City.They all except Visa.Outside of the capital there are no such facilities.Be sure to have both the local currency (Djibouti franc) and US dollars/euros in cash.The Djiboutian Franc is pegged to the US dollar, but beware of the conversion rate offered in some places.

    What public holidays are celebrated in Djibouti?

    Please note these dates are for 2017.For a current list of public holidays in Djibouti go to: http://www.worldtravelguide.

    From Australia?

    Go to:

    What is the Internet access like in Djibouti?

    WiFi is increasingly common in hotels and restaurants, and there are internet cafes across Djibouti City.USB internet dongles can be purchased and loaded with data from a local provider.

    Ulterior motives?

    Jean-Pierre Cabestan, a professor of international studies at Hong Kong Baptist University, researches China’s growing influence in Djibouti.He says that, in fact, “Guelleh has managed to make the most of Djibouti’s geopolitical location.

    History of Djibouti

  • In 1884-85, French involvement was formalised with the creation of the protectorates of Obock and Tadjoura, subsequently known as French Somaliland.
  • In 1895, Djibouti, which, not so long ago, was just a peninsula, already had 5,000 inhabitants.
  • In 1896, Léonce Lagarde became the first governor of the French Somali Coast, a new name for the French dependencies in the region.
  • In 1901 the fighting started between British and local Dhulbahante forces and it was the beginning of a long struggle that resulted in Somali independence.
  • In 1901 the fighting started between British and local Somali forces and it was the beginning of a long struggle that resulted in Somali independence.
  • In 1932, Djibouti was the first town to be wired to electricity in French Somaliland.
  • In 1946, Djibouti received the status of overseas territory.
  • In 1947 Eritrea became part of a federation with Ethiopia, the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
  • In 1948, a new currency, the Côte Française des Somalis, was created, pegged to the gold standard and convertible into dollars.
  • In 1949, the plan of Djibouti consisted of four main features: a hierarchical system of streets laid out in a grid, large blocks consisting of small-scale domestic dwellings, the organization of these blocks around central open spaces, and the concentration of cultural institutions to form a civic center.
  • In 1949, when Emperor Haile Selassie was reinstalled to the Ethiopian throne, Britain ceded the Ogaden region to Ethiopia.
  • In 1954, Djibouti played Ethiopia three times: a 10–1 away loss on 1 May, a 2–0 home loss on 1 June and a 2–1 home loss the day after.
  • In 1968 there seemed to be a brief respite from ominous developments when a telecomunications and trade treaty was worked out with Ethiopia, which was very profitable for both countries, and especially for residents on the border who had been living in a de facto state of emergency since the 1964 cease fire.
  • In 1969 a military coup displaced independent Somalia’s civilian government following the assassination of President Shermaarke by a rival clan member.
  • In 1975, the French government began to accommodate increasingly insistent demands for independence.
  • In 1991 and 2000, Djibouti played a key role in the search for peace in Somalia by hosting Somali reconciliation conferences.
  • In 1991, after the collapse of the Siyad Barre regime, [3] northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland in the northwestern area of Somalia.
  • In 1991, conflict between the Afars and the Issa-dominated government erupted and the continued warfare has ravaged the country.
  • In 1996 a revitalized organization of seven East African states, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), established its secretariat in Djibouti.
  • In 1998, Djibouti became a member of the Union of Arab Football Associations (UAFA).
  • In 1999 Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, also of the RPP, became president, extending the electoral streak of the party.
  • In 2000, after three years of insufficient rain, fifty thousand drought victims entered Djibouti.
  • In 2002, Djibouti became a key U.S.
  • In 2002, following a broad national debate, Djibouti enacted a new "Family Law" enhancing the protection of women and children, unifying legal treatment of all women, and replacing Sharia.
  • In 2002, U.S.
  • In 2005, President Guelleh, running unopposed, was reelected.
  • In 2007, it began establishing a network of new counseling offices to assist women seeking to understand and protect their rights.
  • In 2008 the government accused Boreh of taking kickbacks when he negotiated on Djibouti’s behalf for the construction of a container terminal, managed by the Dubai-based company DP World.
  • In 2011 a Predator drone crashed into a residential area less than three miles from the airport.
  • In 2014, the economy achieved a growth rate of nearly 6%, according to estimates from the African Development Bank.
  • In 2014, The United States Census Bureau began finalizing the ethnic classification of MENA populations.[99] According to the Arab American Institute (AAI), Arab Americans have family origins in each of the 22 member states of the Arab League.[100] Following consultations with MENA organizations, the Census Bureau announced in 2014 that it would establish a new MENA ethnic category for populations from the Middle East, North Africa and the Arab world, separate from the “white” classification that these populations had previously sought in 1909.
  • In 2015, the Chinese government published a white paper on national defense that introduced a two-tiered maritime strategy of “offshore waters defense and open seas protection”—marking the first time that Chinese interests in the “far seas” were elevated to the level of national security—and clearly stated Chinese ambitions of building a blue-water navy.
  • In 2017, China unveiled a naval base in Djibouti that gave it a foothold in the Middle East and Africa.
  • In 2018, Djibouti launched Africa’s biggest free-trade zone, which will be managed by Chinese companies.
  • In 2019, a court ordered Djibouti to compensate a Dubai-based company for unilaterally terminating the company’s lease to operate a container terminal.
  • In 2019, Djibouti GDP was an estimated $3.2 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 7.5%; and the population was 1 million.
  • In 2019, Djibouti hosted more than 30,000 refugees and asylum seekers, as well as more than 100,000 migrants, many of whom were transiting through the country.
  • In 2019, Djibouti made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.
  • In 2019, labor law enforcement agencies in Djibouti took actions to combat child labor (Table 6).
  • In 2019, nearly 300 learning-disabled students benefited from specialized tutoring.
  • In 2019, the Country Strategic Option Program initiated a pilot program to establish school vegetable gardens in rural areas, reaching 50 schools in 5 regions during the reporting period.
  • In the 1960s, a guerrilla warfare campaign by Somali


    (bandits) in Kenya and skirmishes over the Ogaden region resulted in a
    mutual defense agreement against the Somalis by Kenya and Ethiopia.

  • On 1 May 1949, the fixture was played for the Emperor Cup in Ethiopia, and the host won 6–0.