Overview of Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea’s innovative malaria programs in the early 21st century achieved success in reducing malaria infection, disease, and mortality. Their program consists of twice-yearly indoor residual spraying (IRS), the introduction of artemisinin combination treatment (ACTs), the use of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnant women (IPTp), and the introduction of very high coverage with long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito nets (LLINs).
Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial;[a] French: Guinée équatoriale; Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: República de Guinea Ecuatorial, French: République de Guinée équatoriale, Portuguese: República da Guiné Equatorial),[b] is a country on the west coast of Central Africa, with an area of 28,000 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi).
Equatorial Guinea – sovereign country located on the Gulf of Guinea in Middle Africa. it’s one of the smallest countries in continental Africa, and comprises two regions: Río Muni, continental region including several offshore islands; and
Insular Region containing Annobón island in the South Atlantic Ocean, and Bioko island (formerly Fernando Po) that contains the capital, Malabo.
Equatorial Guinea’s government is authoritarian and has one of the worst human rights records in the world, consistently ranking among the “worst of the worst” in Freedom House’s annual survey of political and civil rights. Reporters Without Borders ranks President Obiang among its “predators” of press freedom. Human trafficking is a significant problem with the U.S.
Equatorial Guinea: CIVICUS, the Committee Protect Journalists (CPJ), Centro de Estudios e Iniciativas para el Desarrollo (CEID), ONG – Cooperación y Desarrollo and EG Justice examine ongoing restrictions on freedom of association, attacks and intimidation of journalists and bloggers and the general disenabling environment for freedom of expression and independent media agencies.
Equatorial Guinea is divided into eight provinces. The newest province is Djibloho, created in 2017 with its headquarters at Ciudad de la Paz, the country’s future capital. The other seven provinces are as follows (numbers correspond to those on the map; provincial capitals appear in parentheses):
Equatorial Guinea currently has no UNESCO World Heritage Site or tentative sites for the World Heritage List. The country also has no documented heritage listed in the Memory of the World Programme of UNESCO nor any intangible cultural heritage listed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.
Equatorial Guinea is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA). Equatorial Guinea tried to be validated as an Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)–compliant country, working toward transparency in reporting of oil revenues and prudent use of natural resource wealth.
Equatorial Guinea, formerly Spanish Guinea, consists of Ro Muni (10,045 sq mi; 26,117 sq km), on the western coast of Africa, and several islands in the Gulf of Guinea, the largest of which is Bioko (formerly Fernando Po) (785 sq mi; 2,033 sq km).
Equatorial Guinea would come in fourth in the 1987 UDEAC Cup, losing on penalties in the third place match to Gabon, even though they only scored one goal throughout the tournament in a 1–1 draw against Chad.
Bantu migrations started probably around 2,000 BC from between south-east Nigeria and north-west Cameroon (the Grassfields). They must have settled continental Equatorial Guinea around 500 BC at the latest. The earliest settlements on Bioko Island are dated to AD 530. The Annobón population, originally native to Angola, was introduced by the Portuguese via São Tomé island.
Pygmies probably once lived in the continental region that is now Equatorial Guinea, but are today found only in isolated pockets in southern Río Muni.
Landline telephone penetration is low, with only two lines available for every 100 persons. There is one GSM mobile telephone operator, with coverage of Malabo, Bata, and several mainland cities. As of 2009[update], approximately 40% of the population subscribed to mobile telephone services. The only telephone provider in Equatorial Guinea is Orange.
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History of Equatorial Guinea
In 1778, Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Charles III of Spain signed the Treaty of El Pardo which ceded Bioko, adjacent islets, and commercial rights to the Bight of Biafra between the Niger and Ogoue rivers to Spain.
In 1778, Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Charles III of Spain signed the Treaty of El Pardo which ceded the Bioko, adjacent islets, and commercial rights to the Bight of Biafra between the Niger and Ogoue rivers to Spain.
In 1959 it had the highest per capita income of Africa which it still has, after several decades as one of the poorest countries in the world.
In 1969 Equatorial Guinea produced 36,161 tons of highly bid cocoa, but production dropped to 4,800 tons in 2000.
In 1972, a nationalist political party of Marxist ideology, the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe (MLSTP), was created by exiles in Equatorial Guinea with the intent of creating an independent nation.
In 1976, cupro-nickel 500-franc coins were introduced.
In 1995 Mobil, an American oil company, discovered oil in Equatorial Guinea.
In 1999 oil production was about five times its 1996 level; Zafiro Field, operated by Exxon Mobil and Ocean Energy, produced about 100,000 barrels per day (16,000 m3/d), and CMS Nomeco extracted approximately 6,700 barrels per day (1,070 m3/d).
In 1999, national production was about 13 MWh.
In 1999, the Equato-Guinean Government began attempting to meet IMF-imposed requirements, maintaining contact with IMF and the World Bank representatives.
In 2002, production was nearly 200,000 barrels per day.
In 2003, a change of constitution meant that Bongo could run for office as many times as he wanted and Bongo, now in his 70s, is likely to remain as president for life.
In 2004 a plane load of suspected mercenaries was intercepted in Zimbabwe while allegedly on the way to overthrow Obiang.
In 2004 oil output (all of it crude) was estimated to have amounted to 235,500 barrels per day.
In 2004, exports of forest products amounted to $97 million:
In 2004, roundwood production was estimated at 811,000 cubic metres.
In 2005 the estimated net migration rate was zero.
In 2006, Forbes estimated his personal wealth at $600 million.
In 2006, Obiang signed an anti-torture decree banning all forms of abuse and improper treatment in Equatorial Guinea, and commissioned the renovation and modernization of Black Beach prison in 2007 to ensure the humane treatment of prisoners. However, human rights abuses have continued.
In 2006, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice hailed Obiang as a “good friend” despite repeated criticism of his human rights and civil liberties record.
In 2009, South African journalist and FIFA archivist Mark Gleeson wrote that it was undermining the integrity of African football.
In 2011 the United States government claimed that torture by security forces, and abuse of women and children (e.g.
In 2012, having lost the first leg of a 2013 Africa Cup of Nations qualification round 4–0 to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea recruited nine Brazilian players to help overturn the deficit for the second leg.
In 2014 the South African-Dutch-Equatorial Guinean drama film Where the Road Runs Out was shot in the country.
In 2016, Adama Barrow – the consensus candidate of a coalition of seven opposition political parties – defeated Jammeh in what was deemed a peaceful and credible presidential election.
In 2018, the Supreme Court approved the dissolution of the main opposition party and 30-year prison sentences for nearly two dozen opposition members.
In 2019, Equatorial Guinea GDP was an estimated $12.1 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was down by an estimated 6.1%; and the population was 1 million.
On 1 January 1985, the country became the first non-Francophone African member of the franc zone, adopting the CFA franc as its currency.
On 4 September 2006, the Confederation of African Football (CAF) approved a compromise between rival countries to host the Africa Cup of Nations after it ruled out Nigeria.
On 5 July Gabon gained another impressive victory, beating Rwanda 3–0.
On 7 March, a series of explosions occurred at an armoury of the Nkuantoma Gendarmerie and military barracks in Bata (the economic capital of Equatorial Guinea).
On 9 July they faced Group A winners the Congo, and were narrowly beaten 1–0.