Overview of Estonia

  • Estonia (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. it’s bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north.
  • Estonia’s natural wonders are on impressive display in its national parks; most notably, Soomaa, in the heart of the country, and Lahemaa, on the northern coast, which rewards visitors with challenging hikes and impressive views of the Baltic Klint, a 1,200km-long (745 mile) ridge of limestone cliffs that stretches from Sweden to Russia.
  • Estonian Business School (EBS), the only educational institution of its kind in the country, has announced that its English-language Bachelor’s-level International Business Administration study programme has become the first in Estonia to receive EPAS accreditation – among the highest-level recognition business schools can receive.
  • Estonia may have had rocketlike growth in recent years, but only from a very low base as a former Soviet republic, and average local monthly salary (2019) hovers around 1000-1200 EUR after taxes, a princely sum compared to the rest of the former USSR except the other Baltic countries but not a very attractive wage for a westerner.
  • Estonia has been the most successful of the former communist‐​controlled countries, in part because of excellent political leadership since independence, including the remarkable Mart Laar — the father of the economic reform, who served as prime minister from 1992–1994, and again from 1999–2002.
  • Estonia uses smart contracts and blockchain as immutable records of patients’ healthcare challenges and helps enforce “once-only” government policies, which mandate that a patient or citizen shares essential information only once with requisite authorities.
  • Estonia’s largest island (roughly the size of Luxembourg) is still substantially covered in forests of pine, spruce and juniper, while its windmills, lighthouses and tiny villages seem largely unbothered by the passage of time.
  • Estonia participates in the Visa Waiver Program, which allows nationals of participating countries to travel to the United States for certain business or tourism purposes for stays of 90 days or less without obtaining a visa.
  • Estonia has the least religious population in the European Union: 14% are Lutherans (mostly ethnic Estonians) and 13% are Eastern Orthodox (mostly ethnic Russians, although there is a small Estonian Orthodox population).
  • Estonia is overall much cheaper than Western Europe, but it’s no longer the bargain it used to be in 1990s; in touristy areas (like Tallinn’s Old Town), prices are comparable to those found in Germany and Scandinavia.
  • Population

    In Tallinn and towns such as Narva and Kohtla-Järve, there is quite a big chance that you will meet a native Russian speaker.Many in urban areas (especially younger people) speak English very well.Many older Estonians can speak some Russian, although this is declining overall since it has become increasingly uncommon among the ethnic Estonian youth.Russian is often described as Estonia’s unofficial second language, with about 40% of Tallinn residents having Russian as their native language, and 30% of the total population being native Russian speakers.

    Can I drink the water in Estonia?

    Yes, tap water is considered safe to drink.

    From US?

    Go to: http://travel.state.

    What are the toilets like in Estonia?

    Estonia has western-style flushable toilets and even the occasional bidet.Keep loose change handy to pay for public toilets.

    From Australia?

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    Ask LP: What countries can I travel to if I’ve had the COVID-19 vaccine?

    In a number of countries, proving that you have received the vaccine will allow travelers to skip a quarantine period.

    Millised on Eesti tulemused teistega võrreldes?

    OECD360 toob teieni OECD peamistest väljaannetest pärit uusimad analüüsid ja andmed.Mitmed graafikud illustreerivad praegusi peamisi probleeme.

    Can I use my mobile/cell phone while in Estonia?

    Estonia has excellent mobile phone coverage.Ensure you have global roaming activated with your carrier if you wish to use your phone.

    Are credit cards accepted widely in Estonia?

    Credit cards are widely accepted.

    Contact us?

    WHO Regional Office for Europe
    UN City
    Marmorvej 51
    DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø

    From UK?

    Go to:

    What can Luxembourg learn from Estonia about free public transport?

    Luxembourg recently became the first country to make public transport free.But pioneers Tallinn have been doing it for years.

    How much does Estonia pay and receive?

    How much each EU country pays into the EU budget is calculated fairly, according to means.The larger your country’s economy, the more it pays – and vice versa.The EU budget doesn’t aim to redistribute wealth, but rather focuses on the needs of Europeans as a whole.

    From New Zealand?

    Go to: http://www.safetravel.govt.

    What is ATM access like in Estonia?

    There’s good access to ATMs in nearly all towns and cities.

    Estonia Already Lives Online—Why Can’t the United States?

    Using secure identification, people there can bank, apply for government assistance, file for sick leave, order prescriptions, and get medical care—all online.

    Do I need to purchase travel insurance before travelling in Estonia?

    Absolutely.All passengers travelling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of your trip.Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip.Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

    Is NATO still relevant?

    Divisions threaten to overshadow 70th birthday celebrations of world’s largest military alliance.

    What public holidays are celebrated in Estonia?

    Please note these dates are for 2017.For a current list of public holidays in Estonia go to: http://www.worldtravelguide.

    South Africa Does this correspond to your citizenship?

    We tried to guess your citizenship based on your current location.In case we are wrong, please correct it, so that you will see deadlines and requirements that apply specifically to you.

    From Canada?

    Go to: https://travel.gc.

    What is the internet access like in Estonia?

    Internet access is excellent in Estonia.Free wireless zones, as well as internet cafes, can be found all over the country.

    Why don't more countries follow Estonia and hold elections online?

    Only one country in the world has implemented an online voting system for its entire electorate: Estonia.

    What will it cost for a…?

    Bottle of soft drink = 1.

    Is tipping customary in Estonia?

    Tipping in restaurants is becoming more common in Estonia.Leave around 10%.

    Where is Estonia?

    Estonia is a Northern European nation and the northernmost of the three Baltic republics.It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth.Estonia is bordered by Russia in the east and Latvia in the south.It is also bounded by the Gulf of Finland in the north, the Baltic Sea in the west and the Lake Peipus in the east.Estonia shares its maritime borders with Finland and Sweden.

    History of Estonia

  • In 1202, Valdemar II became king and launched various “crusades” to claim territories, notably modern Estonia.
  • In 1219 it was captured by the Danes, who built a new fortress on Toompea hill.
  • In 1346 it was sold to the Teutonic Knights, and on the dissolution of the order in 1561 it passed to Sweden.
  • In 1346, the Danes, who possessed northern Estonia, sold the land to the Teutonic Knights of Germany, who already possessed Livonia (southern Estonia and Latvia).
  • In 1526, the Swedes took over, and the power of the German (Balt) landowning class was reduced.
  • In 1648, Sweden became a guarantor power for the Peace of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years’ War and left her with the additional dominions of Bremen-Verden, Wismar and Swedish Pomerania.
  • In 1700, a coalition of Russia, Poland, and Denmark united against Sweden and by the Peace of Nystad (1721) forced it to relinquish Livonia, Ingria, Estonia, and parts of Finland.
  • In 1721, Russia and its allies won the war against Sweden.
  • In 1814, Norway, with the exception of the North Atlantic Islands, was ceded to Sweden as part of a larger European peace treaty.
  • In 1918, it received its independence, only to be invaded by the Soviet Union in 1940.
  • In 1919, a Jewish elementary school was founded by the Tallinn congregation.
  • In 1920, the Maccabi Sports Society was founded and became well-known for its endeavors to encourage sports among Jews.
  • In 1924, a new schoolhouse was constructed at the expense of the small Jewish community and what they could not pay for themselves they borrowed.
  • In 1934, a chair was established in the School of Philosophy for the study of Judaica.
  • In 1934, there were 4,381 Jews living in Estonia (0.4 percent of the population) and 2,203 Jews lived in Tallinn.
  • In 1935, 94,000 Jews lived in Latvia, making up about 5 percent of the total population.
  • In 1939, the Jewish population of Estonia numbered about 4,500, a tiny percentage of the country’s population.
  • In 1940 it was incorporated into the U.S.S.R.
  • In 1943, the Germans destroyed the Vilna and Svencionys ghettos, and converted the Kovno and Siauliai ghettos into concentration camps.
  • In 1991, Estonia declared full independence, and international recognition followed.
  • In 2002, Kazakhstan became a member of UEFA for better development of its football, but Uzbekistan chose to remain in the AFC.
  • In 2003 UNESCO proclaimed the song and dance festival, along with similar events in Estonia and Lithuania, to be masterpieces of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity.
  • In 2004, Tallinn achieved first place among the Baltic Sea cities in the number of overnight stays in hotels, though still behind Stockholm and Helsinki in the number of total overnight stays.
  • In 2007, a Russian cyberattack on Estonia sent everything from the banks to the media into chaos.
  • In 2007, Estonia fell prey to a series of cyber attacks, originating largely from Russian IP addresses.
  • In 2009, the government commissioned an international advisory consortium, led by the Rothschild investment bank, to prepare a business model and financing plan for the Visaginas project.
  • In 2010, it also became the first former Soviet state to adopt the euro.
  • In 2011, Latvians and Livonians, the indigenous people of the area, accounted for 62% of the population, followed by Russians (26.9%), Belarusians (3.3%), Ukrainians (2.2%), Poles (2.2%), Lithuanians (1.2%), Jews (0.2%), Romani (0.3%), Germans (0.1%), Estonians (0.1%) and other groups (1.3%).
  • In 2011, the euro was adopted as the official currency.
  • In 2012 there were 1.05 million speakers of Estonia in Estonia, and in 2016 there were 49,200 Estonian speakers in Finland, mainly in the south, and about 1,840 Estonian speakers in Australia.
  • In 2014, the government launched a digital “residency” program, which allows logged-in foreigners to partake of some Estonian services, such as banking, as if they were living in the country.
  • In 2017, the Anti Money Laundering and Terrorism Finance Act introduced robust new regulations for crypto businesses operating in Estonia.
  • In 2019 bottle of local beer (0,5l) costs around 1€ in shops and 2,5-3,5€ in modest pubs.
  • In 2019 the programme passed the committee’s quality check once again.
  • In 2019, Danske Bank (one of the largest banks in Europe) closed all personal accounts for clients in Estonia as a result of a money-laundering investigation, which may have played a role in the suicide of the bank’s CEO in the country.
  • In 2019, Estonian news media faced challenges, prompting journalists to question just how fragile their freedom truly is.
  • In 2019, reports began emerged that the owner of Estonia’s oldest newspaper, the Postimees, had been interfering in the work of journalists and using the newspaper to promote his conservative worldview and advertise his other businesses.
  • In 2019, the Estonian government passed legislation to tighten licensing requirements and went further in 2020, asserting that virtual currency service providers would be treated in the same manner as financial institutions under the Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Prevention Act.
  • In the 1930s there were about 100 Jews studying at the University of Tartu.
  • In the 1970s Jews also started coming to Estonia on their way to Israel or the United States.
  • In the 1990s, lack of software support of diacritics caused an unofficial style of orthography, often called translits, to emerge for use in situations when the user is unable to access Latvian diacritic marks (e-mail, newsgroups, web user forums, chat, SMS etc.).
  • On 2 February, Estonia said it will allow passengers arriving into the country with proof of COVID-19 vaccination to avoid quarantining.
  • On 9 April, the Estonian foreign minister Eva-Maria Liimets spoke on the phone with her Russian counterpart, Sergei Lavrov; the…