Overview of Finland

  • Finland’s Fortum, which owns 45.5% of the Oskarshamn units, said that "contrary to E.ON's view, we believe that it’s possible to continue production from Oskarshamn units 1 and 2 until the end of their planned operational lifetimes.” Furthermore, "the recent modernization investments in Oskarshamn 2 have been carried out with a target to continue production until the end of the unit's lifetime and with increased capacity.
  • Finland also has long tradition of reading – its 5.5 million people borrow close to 68 million books a year and it just spent $110 million on a state-of-the-art library, referred to lovingly as “Helsinki’s living room.” Finland has the highest PISA score for reading performance in the EU.
  • Finland’s economic, cultural and political center is the capital Helsinki near the south coast. Big city in the middle of greenery, home of Finnish design, meeting point for culinary friends and only a short walk away from the typical Finnish nature.
  • Finland’s area decreased by about one-tenth during the 1940s, when it ceded the Petsamo (Pechenga) area, which had been a corridor to the ice-free Arctic coast, and a large part of southeastern Karelia to the Soviet Union (ceded portions now in Russia).
  • Finland had not qualified a major tournament until securing a spot at UEFA Euro 2020 (postponed by a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic) and are the only Nordic team alongside minnows Faroe Islands to have never reached the FIFA World Cup finals.
  • Finland’s strategy was on public display ahead of last month’s national elections, in an advertising campaign that ran under the slogan “Finland has the world’s best elections – think about why” and encouraged citizens to think about fake news.
  • Finland’s cities are full of original and offbeat bars and you’ll soon find a favourite Suomi tipple, whether Finnish ciders, microbrewed beers, sweet-and-sour combinations, or unusual shots which include salty liquorice vodka or cloudberry liqueur.
  • Finland got an exception to the EU roaming rules because of low domestic prices, so if you need to use the SIM abroad, check the fine print (EU roaming is usually free or cheap, but is treated separately and may not even be included).
  • Finland then allied with Germany in an unsuccessful attempt to repel the Soviets and regain the lost territory (the Continuation War), was defeated and, as a condition for peace, had to turn against Germany instead (the Lapland War).
  • Finland is known as one of the “big seven” ice hockey nations (alongside Canada, Russia, the US, Slovakia, Sweden and the Czech Republic) and the game is the country’s most popular sport alongside Formula One racing.
  • Continent

    The harsh climate in the northern part of the country, however, has resulted in the concentration of the population in the southern third of Finland, with about one-fifth of the country’s population living in and around Helsinki, Finland’s largest city and continental Europe’s northernmost capital.The notion of nature as the true home of the Finn is expressed again and again in Finnish proverbs and folk wisdom.Yet, despite the fact that most Finns live in towns and cities, nature—especially the forest—is never far from their minds and hearts.


    7.9% of the population is born abroad and 5.2% are foreign citizens.[2] The official languages are Finnish and Swedish, the latter being the native language of about 5.2 per cent of the Finnish population.[3] From the 13th to the early 19th century Finland was a part of Sweden.As a result of recent immigration there are now also large groups of ethnic Russians, Iraqis/Kurds, Estonians and Somalis in the country.Finland is a relatively ethnically homogeneous country.The dominant ethnicity is Finnish but there are also notable historic minorities of Finland-Swedes, Sami and Roma people.


    Most recently, in response to a rapidly changing global economy and the need to prepare students to innovate, particularly in the technology fields Finland emphasizes, the Ministry of Education implemented a new national curriculum.Released in 2016, the new curriculum aims to teach students “how to learn” instead of “what to learn” and to help students develop broad competencies across multiple subjects.

    What is the internet access like in Finland?

    Travellers should be able to access the internet at cyber cafés and Wi-Fi hot spots in Finland’s major cities and towns.Remote and rural areas will have less internet availability, so be prepared for this when travelling out of the city.

    Can I drink the water in Finland?

    Tap water is considered safe to drink unless otherwise marked.

    AstraZeneca vaccine: Where does the world stand on suspensions?

    Several countries have paused or limited use of the shot amid concern over reports of rare blood clots in recipients.

    Do I need to purchase travel insurance before travelling in Finland?

    Absolutely.All passengers travelling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of your trip.Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip.Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

    Are credit cards accepted widely in Finland?

    Major credit cards are accepted by most large shops and hotels in Finland.Smaller vendors may not accept credit cards, so carry enough cash to cover small purchases.

    From New Zealand?

    Go to: http://www.safetravel.govt.

    Can I use my mobile/cell phone while in Finland?

    As the home of Nokia, mobile phone coverage is generally very good in Finland.Travellers should activate global roaming before leaving home.

    From Australia?

    Go to:

    From Canada?

    Go to: https://travel.gc.

    How much does Finland pay and receive?

    How much each EU country pays into the EU budget is calculated fairly, according to means.The larger your country’s economy, the more it pays – and vice versa.The EU budget doesn’t aim to redistribute wealth, but rather focuses on the needs of Europeans as a whole.

    Contact us?

    WHO Regional Office for Europe
    UN City
    Marmorvej 51
    DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø

    Looking for information on coronavirus in other languages?

    Government press releases in North Saami, Inari Saami, Skolt Saami, Estonian, Russian, Somali and Arabic.

    What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

    Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.

    Is tipping customary in Finland?

    Tipping isn’t customary or expected in Finland and is generally left up to the discretion of the customer.If the service in a café or restaurant is exceptional, feel free to leave spare change or a small tip.

    Kuinka Suomi sijoittuu vertailuissa?

    OECD360 sisältää OECD:n keskeisten julkaisujen viimeisimmät analyysit ja tiedot.Lukuisat graafiset esitykset kuvaavat tärkeimpiä ajankohtaisia asioita.

    From UK?

    Go to:

    What is ATM access like in Finland?

    ATMs are commonly found in Finland’s cities and urban areas.Remote regions will have less ATM availability, so prepare accordingly before travelling away from cities.

    What topic are you interested in?

    No matter what industry you work in, we can help your organisation take lead its field with innovative research and development.Here, you can discover our expertise for your industry.

    Polluting the internet?

    But some argue that simply teaching media literacy and critical thinking isn’t enough — more must be done on the part of social media companies to stop the spread of disinformation.

    What would you like to study at UEF?

    The University of Eastern Finland (UEF) offers a great variety of Master’s degree programmes taught in English, as well as non-degree programmes that cater, in particular, to the needs of exchange students.

    What public holidays are celebrated in Finland?

    Please note these dates are for 2017.For a current list of public holidays in Finland go to: http://www.worldtravelguide.

    Where is Finland?

    Finland is situated between West and East bordering Sweden, Norway and Russia by land and Estonia by sea.During its history, Finland has been part of Sweden and an autonomous Grand Duchy under the Russian Tsar before gaining independence in 1917.Twenty percent of the country lies above the Arctic Circle.All this is naturally reflected in the Finnish culture, traditions, cuisine, way of life, and in the character of the people.

    What are the toilets like in Finland?

    Western-style, flushable toilets are the standard in Finland.

    From US?

    Go to: http://travel.state.

    What is Finland like?

    Finland is full of interesting contrasts, such as four distinct seasons, the midnight sun, long winter nights and a distinctive culture in the different regions of the country.Finnish people are warm and genuine and treat each other as equals.Democracy and equality are considered more important than cultural hierarchy.

    Why is Finland coping so well with the coronavirus crisis?

    Of the Nordic countries, Sweden is usually held up as a role model.But in these times it’s worth taking a look at Finland.The coronavirus infection rates are lower than in the rest of Europe.

    What’s it Like Living in Finland?

    There’s a lot to like about Finland, one of the world’s most stable and economically impressive countries.Unfortunately, a lot of Americans seem blind to it, and have never visited Finland, let alone debated living there.It’s important to remember, however, that what we have in Finland—a stable and professional economy—is not something that every country can offer to their civilians.And that stability has produced the country’s greatest success story: the Finns.

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    History of Finland

  • In 1948, Finland and the Soviet Union signed an Agreement of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance, where the countries promised to defend each other against external treats.
  • In the 1920s, Finland began exporting Finnish Spitz dogs to England, where they first got their easy-to-say nickname “Finkie.”They arrived in America around 1960 and were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1988.
  • In 1219 it was captured by the Danes, who built a new fortress on Toompea hill.
  • In 1346 it was sold to the Teutonic Knights, and on the dissolution of the order in 1561 it passed to Sweden.
  • In 1634, administratives provinces were formed in Sweden, and therefore in Finland, which was a part of Sweden until 1809.
  • In 1700, a coalition of Russia, Poland, and Denmark united against Sweden and by the Peace of Nystad (1721) forced it to relinquish Livonia, Ingria, Estonia, and parts of Finland.
  • In 1721, the Nystad Peace Treaty was signed, ending Swedish dominance in the Baltic region.
  • In 1809, Finland was annexed by Russia.
  • In 1809, Finland was ceded to Russia by the Swedes, who had ruled its people some 600 years.
  • In 1809, Sweden was again defeated by Russia, which annexed Finland.
  • In 1812, Napoleon began his great onslaught on Russia and took Moscow, but his army was repulsed and nearly annihilated in the winter of that year.
  • In 1917, Russia was officially proclaimed the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, which in 1922 was united with the Ukrainian, Belorussian, and Transcaucasian republics to form the see Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
  • In 1918, it received its independence, only to be invaded by the Soviet Union in 1940.
  • In 1918, the Reds lost the Finnish Civil War.
  • In 1920, England’s Sir Edward Chichester was so enchanted by the breed while on a hunting trip to Finland, he brought a brace of them back to England with him.
  • In 1931, the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic (1931–39) resulted in the Spanish Civil War that would be the prelude of World War II.
  • In 1932, a vet from Adrano named Dr.
  • In 1944, a new front, Finnish People’s Democratic League was formed.
  • In 1944, Svensk Lapphund was recognized by the FCI.
  • In 1948, a treaty of friendship and mutual assistance was signed by the two nations.
  • In 1951, Dr.
  • In 1952, the original Italian Show Champion came to be .
  • In 1960 the government created the Advisory Commission on Lapp Affairs.
  • In 1964 the first Vallhund, a red male named Lille-Bror, was brought to Finland.
  • In 1964, the name was officially changed to Västgötaspets, to honor the region where the breed was saved, although it is widely called the Swedish Vallhund elsewhere in the world.
  • In 1966, the breed was approved in the Netherlands temporarily and in 1971 officially.
  • In 1971 around 100 Pakistanis came to Finland for jobs.
  • In 1973 the government arranged for elections every four years to a twenty-member Sami Parliaments that was to advise authorities.
  • In 1975 the territory to the south of this line would have contained half of Finland’s population.
  • In 1979, an official orthography for Northern Sami was adopted for use in Norway, Sweden and Finland.
  • In 1979, Finnish Spitzes were named the National Dog of Finland.
  • In 1979, when the club celebrated its 90th anniversary, the Finnish Spitz was declared Finland’s national dog breed.
  • In 1984, Takeuchi et al.
  • In 1984, the International Hovawart Federation (IHF) was established, bringing together now 14 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Slovakia, Sweden, Hungary, Great Britain, Italy) as well as Canada and the USA.
  • In 1985–1986 a large number of Taistoists, hundreds of party organizations with thousands of members, were expelled.
  • In 1988 the breed was allowed to be shown and exhibited in a Non-Sporting group.
  • In 1988, it was officially placed in the American Kennel Club’s Non-Sporting Group.
  • In 1990s Finnish rock and metal music started to gain international fame with such bands as The 69 Eyes, Amorphis, Children of Bodom, Ensiferum, Norther, Wintersun, HIM, Impaled Nazarene, Lordi, Negative, Nightwish, The Rasmus, Sentenced, Sonata Arctica, Stratovarius, and Tarja Turunen, a solo artist, who is popular for mixing classical music with Metal/Rock.
  • In 1992, The People’s Republic of China and France acceded to the NPT, the last of the five nuclear powers recognized by the treaty to do so.
  • In 1994 Mr.
  • In 1995 two Stabyhoun sisters, born that same year, were imported to Finland, also bred by E.
  • In 1995, the American Kennel Club recognized the breed with three separate size divisions.
  • In 1996 Danish Euro 1992 winning coach Richard Møller Nielsen was hired to take Finland to the 1998 World Cup.
  • In 1996, German Pinscher and Standard Schnauzer crossbreeding was approved in Finland.
  • In 1997 a breed club was formed and it was recognized fully by the AKC in 2015 but it has not yet happened with the Canadian Kennel Club.
  • In 1998, it signed the Additional Protocol in relation to its safeguards agreements with both the International Atomic Energy Agency and Euratom.
  • In 1998, new regions and names of regions were organized[2][3].
  • In 1999, Ch.
  • In 2000, Tarja Halonen, who had been Finland’s foreign minister, became its first woman president.
  • In 2001 and 2002, he was an assistant coach of Jyrki Heliskoski and Keith Armstrong in his former club HJK, and in 2003 he was the head coach of the East Helsinki club FC Viikingit.
  • In 2001 in this post and academic experts dec 16, 2015 – the Silken Windhound puppies and adults!
  • In 2001, Tanskanen and colleagues reported lower rates of suicidal ideation amongst frequent eaters of fish in Finland, and a decrease in suicide risk amongst daily eaters of fish in Japan followed over 17 years.
  • In 2006 the Croatian large agility
    team won gold in AWC in Basel, naturally Miska was also in the team 🙂

  • In 2006, Miska was mated with Mawlch Grom, producing a litter of three, all with outstanding working abilities: Kaj (male), Kal (male), known as “Rudi”, and Kisa (female).
  • In 2007, two unrelated females were brought in from France, having completed their period of quarantine; the majority of Barbets currently in the UK are descendants of these.
  • In 2009, the Cavalier was the fourth most popular breed in Australia with 3,196 registrations behind only Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherd Dogs and Staffordshire Bull Terriers.
  • In 2010, the ASA had seventy-eight members; the organization is planning its First Continental Stabyhoun Specialty, to be held July 12-15, 2013.
  • In 2010, Western Finland was formally split into “Western and Inner Finland” (for Tampere and the coast near Vaasa) and “Southwest Finland” (the area near Turku).
  • In 2011 there were about 30,000 people who identified as Karelian in Finland.
  • In 2011, Ørsted estimated that while offshore wind turbines were not yet competitive with fossil fuels, they would be in 15 years.
  • In 2012 E.On decided to leave the project, which reduced its potential to 1000-1300 MWej.
  • In 2012 Jesper Lundquist wrote a children’s book, Kivi and the Monster Dog, that referred to the main character with, as others had proposed, the neologized pronoun hen, essentially borrowed from neighboring Finland’s nongendered pronoun hän.
  • In 2012 there were 1.05 million speakers of Estonia in Estonia, and in 2016 there were 49,200 Estonian speakers in Finland, mainly in the south, and about 1,840 Estonian speakers in Australia.
  • In 2012, a programme to introduce the Stabyhoun to the UK was launched by the UK Stabyhoun Association.
  • In 2014, Cooper et al.
  • In 2015, 95% of Finns read a newspaper (in print or online) at least once per week – which was the highest value in countries compared by Reuters (including Denmark (87%) UK (73%) and USA (56%).[25] The most read newspaper in Finland is Helsingin Sanomat, with a circulation of 267,000.[26] The media group Sanoma behind Helsingin Sanomat also publishes the tabloid Ilta-Sanomat and commerce-oriented Taloussanomat.
  • In 2017, 69% of electricity imports were from Sweden and 26% from Russia.
  • In 2017, Finland celebrated its 100 years of independence.
  • In 2018, researchers based in Sweden and Finland classified almost 15,000 people with diabetes into one of five categories – not just two – based on their age, body mass index, blood sugar, and insulin production and sensitivity.
  • In 2019 around 5.6% of all vehicles sold in Switzerland were EVs, increasing to 9.8% in the first half of 2020 – considerably higher than in the European Union (7% in H1 2020).
  • In 2021, Finland tops the annual World Happiness Report for the fourth year in a row, with the other Nordic countries all in the top ten.
  • In the 1530s, Denmark had a Lutheran reformation and the king secured his monarchical power in relation to both the priesthood and the nobility.
  • In the 1890s Finnish nationalism based on the Kalevala spread, and Jean Sibelius became famous for his vocal symphony Kullervo.
  • In the 1920s the communists took part in the Socialist Workers’ Party of Finland (1920–1923) and the Socialist Electoral Organisation of Workers and Smallholders (1924–1930).
  • In the 1930s, many right-wing and far-right movements were popular in Finland, as in other parts of Europe.
  • In the 1950s the Finnish Kennel Association (the second major kennel association in Finland) created the first breed standard for the Lapponian herder.
  • In the 1950s, breeders in other European countries also became aware of the German breed.
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, further Hovawart associations were formed in Austria, Britain, France, Italy and the USA.
  • In the 1970s Finnish rock musicians started to write their own music instead of translating international hits into Finnish.
  • In the 1990s, more clubs emerged in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia.
  • In the 2000s Finnish rock bands started to sell well internationally.
  • On 9 April, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania Gabrielius Landsbergis received the Ambassador of Finland to Lithuania Arja Inkeri Makkonen.