Overview of Italy

  • Italy, by legislative decree 90 of 2017 (amending the implementation of EU Directive 2015/849 (IV Anti-Money Laundering Directive)) imposed the same regulations on crypto-currency exchanges as apply to traditional money exchanges, thus treating those assets as a form of foreign currency, although they are defined as a “digital representation of value not issued by a central bank or public authority” and so are not declared by any recognisable authority as legal seemer.
  • Italy consists predominantly of a large peninsula (the Italian Peninsula) with a distinctive boot shape that exseems into the Mediterranean Sea, where together with its two main islands Sicily and Sardinia it creates distinct bodies of water, which include the Adriatic Sea to the north-east, the Ionian Sea to the south-east, the Tyrrhenian Sea to the south-west and finally the Ligurian Sea to the north-west.
  • Italy was buying medical equipment from China, but the government took advantage of a parallel donation made by China’s Red Cross to make it look like an instance of its “politics of generosity.” a number of days later, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte told Chinese leader Xi Jinping on the phone that he was willing to cooperate on a “Health Silk Road” to combat the pandemic.
  • Italy: SEBA is not licensed to conduct banking and financial activities in Italy nor is SEBA supervised by the Bank of Italy (Banca d’Italia) and the Italian Financial Markets Supervisory Authority (CONSOB – Commissione Nazionale per le Società e la Borsa), to which this document has not been submitted for approval.
  • Italy is also participating in financing investments under the Enterprise Expansion Fund (ENEF) component of the Western Balkans Enterprise Development and Innovation Facility. Italy contributed to several multi-donor funds, including the European Western Balkans Joint Fund and the SEMED Multi-Donor Account.
  • Italy enters the market of sovereign bonds that finance sustainable development through the issuance of the new “BTP Green”, widening the country’s commitment to the European Commission’s framework for achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and the goals set out in the European Green Deal. 
  • Italy is famous for its delicious cuisine, trendy fashions, luxury sports cars and motorcycles, diverse regional cultures and dialects, as well as for its various landscapes from the seas to the Alps and Apennines, which makes reason for its nickname Il Bel Paese (the Beautiful Country).
  • Italy’s Ministry of Interior has not released up-to-date figures, but observers say approximately 120 Tunisian nationals are deported each week, transferred directly from a CPR to the airport and placed on one of three alternative flights under the terms of an agreement with Tunis.
  • Italy is home to two of the best known commercial bridges in
    the world – the famous multi-tiered Ponte Vecchio in the city center of
    Florence, and brilliant white Rialto Bridge that spans the scenic Grand
    Canal in Venice.
  • Italy beat Romania 3-1 while Canada's teenager Leylah Annie Fernandez sealed her country's path as she gave her side an unassailable 3-0 lead over Serbia thanks to a three-set win over Nina Stojanovic.
  • Continent

    Hitchhiking – Hitchhiking in Europe is very safe, but it’s not for everyone.Hitching is quite common around the continent, but in Italy it can be a little time consuming.HitchWiki is the best website for hitchhiking info.


    High fertility and birth rates persisted until the 1970s, after which they started to decline, and the population rapidly aged.The population of Italy almost doubled during the twentieth century, but the pattern of growth was extremely uneven because of large-scale internal migration from the rural South to the industrial cities of the North, a phenomenon which happened as a consequence of the Italian economic miracle of the 1950–1960s.


    Agnosticism and atheism have also become common, according to the latest census, accounting for nearly 20% of the population.All possible Christian denominations – and a sizeable Jewish community – have made Italy their home for centuries.If churches are a ubiquitous sight in large cities as in tiny small towns, the actual practice and mass attendance among practitioners is in line with that of other European countries: older generations being more observant while younger ones more on the indifferent side.Moreover, in recent decades Islam and Buddhism have also become increasingly visible, partly as a consequence of mass immigration from North Africa and Asia, but also due to sporadic conversions among Italians.While abroad somewhat preserving the reputation as a fiercely catholic society, the Italian religious reality is actually rather diverse and fragmented.

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    Do I need to purchase travel insurance before travelling in Italy?

    Absolutely.All passengers travelling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of their trip.Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip.Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

    Can Mario Draghi put a stop to Italy’s economic decline?

    Italy’s economy has deep-rooted issues but its new prime minister has a reputation for turning around hopeless causes.

    Can I use my mobile phone while in Italy?

    Mobile phone coverage is generally good in Italy.Ensure global roaming is activated with your service provider before leaving home.

    Are credit cards accepted widely in Italy?

    Major credit cards are widely accepted by stores in Italy.Smaller cafes and shops may not accept credit cards, so ensure you carry enough cash to cover small purchases.

    Can I drink the water in Italy?

    Drinking water from taps in Italy is considered safe.For environmental reasons, try to use a refillable water bottle rather than buying bottled water.

    How will Europe deal with suspected Russian spies?

    Moscow said Italy’s expulsion of two Russian officials suspected of spying should not affect its relations with Rome.

    AstraZeneca vaccine: Where does the world stand on suspensions?

    Several countries have paused or limited use of the shot amid concern over reports of rare blood clots in recipients.

    Italy FactsWhere is Italy?

    Italy is a country in Southern Europe.The country is located on a peninsula in the Mediterranean Sea.

    What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

    Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.

    What is ATM access like in Italy?

    ATMs are common in Italy, so finding one won’t be a problem in most towns and cities.

    Contact us?

    WHO Regional Office for Europe
    UN City
    Marmorvej 51
    DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø

    Is tipping customary in Italy?

    Tipping isn’t customary in Italy, but it is appreciated.Feel free to leave a small amount if the service has been particularly good.Some restaurants will add a ‘cover charge’ to your bill.

    Is Italy a safe destination for LGBTQI-travellers?

    As a whole, Italy is a hassle-free destination for LGBTQI-travellers.Same-sex relationships are legal and are largely accepted.That said, overt displays of affection can attract negative responses in smaller towns, which tend to be more conservative and less accepting.Rome, Milan and Bologna have the largest gay scenes, and Florence and Naples have a handful of gay venues too.

    What are the toilets like in Italy?

    Western-style flushable toilets are the norm in Italy.You may have to pay a small fee to use public toilets in some parts.

    How much does Italy pay and receive?

    How much each EU country pays into the EU budget is calculated fairly, according to means.The larger your country’s economy, the more it pays – and vice versa.The EU budget doesn’t aim to redistribute wealth, but rather focuses on the needs of Europeans as a whole.

    Do I need a visa to travel to Italy?

    Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveller.Entry requirements can change at any time, so it’s important that you check for the latest information.Please visit the relevant consular website of the country or countries you’re visiting for detailed and up-to-date visa information specific to your nationality.Check the Essential Trip Information section of the itinerary for more information.

    What public holidays are celebrated in Italy?

    For a current list of public holidays in Italy go to: https://www.worldtravelguide.

    What is the internet access like in Italy?

    The Internet can be accessed at internet cafes and hotels in most cities and major towns in Italy.

    When is the best time to go to Italy?

    Home to many of the world’s greatest works of art, architecture and gastronomy, Italy elates, inspires and moves like no other.

    History of Italy

  • In the 1850s, the papal territories contained a population of some three million people.
  • In 1940–41, Italian troops briefly occupied British Somaliland
    but were soon defeated by the British, who conquered Italian Somaliland
    and reestablished their authority over British Somaliland.
  • In ( 15-38 cm ) and weighs 2-17 lbs ( 1-8 kg ) Northern Lights Pugs Lauren Bear!, sell & adopt a dog person at and rescue organisations with people looking to open their to.
  • In 1077, the Holy Roman Emperor recognized the territorial powers of the Patriarchate of Aquileia that temporarily extended its rule to areas to the east.
  • In 1470, Andrea Mantegna painted an image of the Duke of Ludovico III Gonzaga, in the Palazzo Ducale of Mantova, based in Lombardy, North Italy.
  • In 1503 Cesare Borgia, known as Duca Valentino, occupied
    the country until his the death of his father Rodrigo Borgia, Pope
    Alexander VI, the same year.
  • In 1508, Venice occupied the city in response to calls from pro-Venetian residents of Pordenone, but this occupation was not well received.
  • In 1526 the Italian Francesco Berni wrote the oldest known (as of 1960) textbook on a game very similar to whist, known as “Triomfi”.
  • In 1591 the local Janissary officers replaced the Sultan's appointee with one of their own men, called the Dey.
  • In 1640, with the war in central Europe having no clear winner except the French, both Portugal and Catalonia rebelled.
  • In 1657 a Frenchman opened a London shop, selling solid chocolate to be made into the beverage, and chocolate houses, selling the hot beverage, soon appeared throughout Europe.
  • In 1683, in his book “Le parfait chasseur”, Sélicourt talks about a Griffon coming from Piedmont and Italy.
  • In 1713, after the War of the Spanish Succession, Milan, Naples, and Sardinia were handed over to the Hapsburgs of Austria, which lost some of its Italian territories in 1735.
  • In 1739 Cardinal Alberoni, in an attempt to gain more political
    power, used military force to occupy San Marino but civil disobedience and
    clandestine communications with the current Pope, Clement XII, helped to
    ensure recognition of San Marino’s rights and restoration of its
  • In 1761, this breed
    became popular in England’s royal circles after the Princess Sophie Charlotte
    brought her two Pomeranians with her when she married the future King George III.
  • In 1774, Benjamin Martin
    used this technique in a microscope.
  • In 1789, author Hester Piozzi wrote in her journal, “The little Pug dog or Dutch mastiff has quitted London for Padua, I perceive.
  • In 1796, the French Directory planned a two-pronged campaign in Germany to force the Austrians to make peace, with a secondary thrust planned into Italy.
  • In 1841, American painter John Rand invented the collapsible tin paint tube, which allowed for pre-mixed colors to be portable and more convenient to use outside the studio.
  • In 1852, by a coup, he extended his term and then proclaimed himself emperor as Napoleon III.
  • In 1860, after prolonged civil and regional unrest, Victor Emmanuel’s army seized the Papal States, leaving only Rome and surrounding coastal regions under papal control.
  • In 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi conquered Sicily and Naples and turned them over to Sardinia.
  • In 1861, Tunisia enacted the first constitution in the Arab world, but a move toward a republic was hampered by the poor economy and political unrest.
  • In 1866, it was conquered by the Kingdom of Italy.
  • In 1866, King Victor Emmanuel II annexed Venice.
  • In 1866, Victor Emmanuel II managed to annex Venice after the Third War of Independence.
  • In 1869, Napoleon instituted a more liberal regime with a parliamentary government.
  • In 1869, Tunisia declared itself bankrupt and an international financial commission took control over its economy.
  • In 1869, Tunisia declared itself bankrupt, and an international financial commission with representatives from France, United Kingdom, and Italy took control over the economy.
  • In 1870, shortly after France abandoned it (because they were preoccupied in a war against Prussia that would lead to German unification by 1871), Italy’s capital was moved to Rome.
  • In 1870, Victor Emmanuel captured Rome itself and declared it the new capital of Italy, ending papal claims to temporal power.
  • In 1878 Umberto I succeeded his father Vittorio Emanuele II as King of Italy.
  • In 1881, using the pretext of a Tunisian incursion into Algeria, the French invaded with an army of about 36,000 and forced the Bey to agree to the terms of the 1881 Treaty of Bardo (Al Qasr as Sa’id).[58] With this treaty, Tunisia was officially made a French protectorate, over the objections of Italy.
  • In 1887 Ferdinado Delor suggested that the name Spinone be adopted for the breed.
  • In 1887, as secretary to papal secretary of state Rampolla, Della Chiesa (as Benedict then was) was responsible for promulgating Pope Leo XIII’s intransigent rejection of any reconciliation with the Italian government that fell short of the full restoration of the papal territories.
  • In 1888 during a trip to Italy, Queen Victoria met a 12 pound Pomeranian, and she fell absolutely in love with him.
  • In 1888, Queen Victoria visited Florence, Italy and fell in love with the breed, bringing four puppies home with her to England.
  • In 1889,
    Italy established protectorates over the eastern territories then under
    the nominal rule of the sultans of Obbia and of Alula; and in 1892, the
    sultan of Zanzibar leased concessions along the Indian Ocean coast to
  • In 1890, Italy – a late-comer to the “Scramble for Africa” – conquered Eritrea and Somalia, which became colonies; despite these successes, the economy had significantly worsened and millions of Italians, mainly from the rural South, were forced to emigrate.
  • In 1891 disorders broke out on the Greek islands; the Jews left in panic.
  • In 1893, the forefather of today's Border Collie was born, a dog named “Old Hemp”.
  • In 1896 Francesco Crispi, Prime Minister for the second time, gave order to invade Ethiopia: the badly-led expedition however was massacred at the battle of Adwa.
  • In 1898, the Italian Kennel Club registered four Maremma Sheepdogs under the breed name “Maremmano”.
  • In 1900, a columnist who was absent from São Paulo for 20 years wrote “then São Paulo used to be a genuine Paulista city, today it is an Italian city.”[61]
  • In 1902 Chaco was the first Chihuahua to be shown at Richmond; in 1907 we have the first two registrations with Topsy and Prince.
  • In 1909 lawyer, Walter Riehl joined the party and he became leader in 1918.
  • In 1910 there were 105,000 Italians in Tunisia.[59]
  • In 1911, war broke out between Italy and the Ottoman Empire, which was quickly defeated and had to cede Libya and the Dodecanese islands as war reparations (this conflict is notable because aircraft were employed for the first time in reconnaissance/bombing roles).
  • In 1912 the Albanians took advantage of the first Balkan War to declare their Independence from Turkey.
  • In 1915 Italy took over this role, running supplies unsuccessfully and irregularly across the line Shengjin-Bojana-Lake Skadar, an unsecured route because of constant attacks by Albanian irregulars organised by Austrian agents.
  • In 1915, Italy entered the war on the side of the Allies but obtained less territory than it expected in the postwar settlement.
  • In 1916 it was bought by the Kingdom of Italy and became the seat of the Minister for Colonial Affairs, the ministry responsible for the government of the country’s colonial possessions and the direction of their economies.
  • In 1918, a short-lived State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (carved out of south Slavic parts of Austria-Hungary) joined the Kingdom of Serbia to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later renamed Yugoslavia in 1929.
  • In 1918, even though the statistics are much less reliable, it is clear that the worst case fatality rates were of a different order, with Tahiti at 20 percent and Western Samoa at 24.7 percent.
  • In 1918, Slovenes formed Yugoslavia along with Serbs and Croats, while a minority came under Italy.
  • In 1920 Albania reasserted its independence.
  • In 1920, in the Carinthian Plebiscite, the majority of Carinthian Slovenes voted to remain in Austria.
  • In 1921, Bethlen made a deal with the Social Democrats and trade unions (called the Bethlen-Peyer Pact) to legalize their activities and free political prisoners in return for their pledge to refrain from spreading anti-Hungarian propaganda, calling political strikes, and attempting to organize the peasantry.
  • In 1921, following an incident in which, despite an earlier promise, the IFA moved an Irish Cup semi-final replay from Dublin to Belfast,[207] Dublin-based clubs broke away to form the Football Association of the Irish Free State.
  • In 1922, Benito Mussolini‘s rise to power in Italy brought profound changes to the colonial government in Italian Eritrea.
  • In 1923 Riehl’s party had about 23,000 members and was a marginal factor in Austrian politics.
  • In 1924 there was another split and Karl Schulz led a splinter group.
  • In 1926 groups of scientists at the University of Florence, Italy, and at the University of Illinois claimed to have discovered element 61 and named the element florentium and illinium, respectively, but their claims could not be independently verified.
  • In 1926 Richard Suchenwirth founded the Austrian branch of Hitler’s German National Socialist party in Vienna.
  • In 1928, two new educational systems were adopted in the country: escuelas experimentales (experimental schools) and escuelas modelo (model schools).
  • In 1929 Mussolini formed a pact with the Holy See, resulting in the rebirth of an independent state of the Vatican for the Catholic Church in the heart of Rome.
  • In 1929 Mussolini's government made peace with the papacy in the Lateran Treaty, which recognized the Holy See as an independent state.
  • In 1932, a vet from Adrano named Dr.
  • In 1934, Italy adopted the name “Libya” (used by the Greeks for all of North Africa, except Egypt) as the name of the colony (made up of the three provinces of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan).
  • In 1934, Italy adopted the name “Libya” (used by the Greeks for all of North Africa, except Egypt) as the official name of the colony (made up of the three provinces of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan).
  • In 1934, King Aleksandar was assassinated abroad, in Marseille, by a coalition of the Ustaše and a similarly radical movement, the Bulgarian IMRO.
  • In 1934, the Bichon Frise (as they were now known) was acknowledged by the French Kennel Club and recognized by the International Canine Federation, giving rights to registration in the Book of Origins by France, Belgium, and Italy.
  • In 1936, it became a province of Italian East Africa (Africa Orientale Italiana), along with Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland.
  • In 1938 Adolph Hitler demanded that the Sudeten German area, in the Czech part of the country, be ceded to Germany.
  • In 1938, Béla Imrédy became prime minister.
  • In 1938, ORTHODOX Albanians in Cleveland founded the Society of St.
  • In 1939 Angatan Paterno together with Cav.
  • In 1939 the Italian Kennel Club adopted the official breed standard and added the Dell’etna to the Cirneco’s name.
  • In 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which stipulated, amongst other things, the Soviet "interest" in Bessarabia.
  • In 1939, Italy’s national kennel club recognized the Cirneco dell’Etna, but it would be over seven decades before the American Kennel Club (AKC) granted full recognition to the breed in 2015.
  • In 1940 there were 17 dogs registered.
  • In 1940, Romania lost territory in both east and west: In June 1940, the Soviet Union occupied Bessarabia and northern Bukovina.
  • In 1941, British troops routed the Italians, and Haile Selassie returned to Addis Ababa.
  • In 1941, five Slovene settlements were established under the authority of NDH: Bregansko selo (now called Slovenska vas), Nova vas near Bregana (now Nova vas near Mokrice), Jesenice in Dolenjska, Obrežje and Čedem.
  • In 1941, Italy — with the other World War II Axis powers Germany and Japan — declared war on the United States.
  • In 1943, German troops occupied central and northern Italy.
  • In 1944, a socialist People’s Republic was established under the leadership of Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour.
  • In 1944, after the ousting of Horthy by Hitler and before the installation of the National-Socialist Arrow Cross Party, the Hungarian government readily aided Nazi Germany in the deportation of hundreds of thousands of Jews to concentration camps during the Holocaust, where most of them died.[citation needed]
  • in 1944, and by 1952 a church hall was under construction, including a temporary iconastas.
  • In 1944, Idris returned from exile in Cairo but declined to resume permanent residence in Cyrenaica until the removal of some aspects of foreign control in 1947.
  • In 1945, Austria was divided into zones of occupation like Germany.
  • In 1946, King Umberto II was forced to abdicate and Italy became a republic after a referendum.
  • In 1946, King Umberto II was forced to abdicate and Italy became a republic.
  • In 1947, Italy ceded most of the Julian March to Yugoslavia and Slovenia thus regained the Slovenian Littoral, including the access to the sea.
  • In 1947, Italy ceded most of the Julian March to Yugoslavia, and Slovenia thus regained the Slovenian Littoral.
  • In 1948 a commission led by representatives of the victorious Allied nations wanted to decide the Somalian question once and for all.
  • In 1949 a Dr.
  • In 1949 the United Nations (U.N.) General Assembly
    awarded Italy administrative control over southern Somalia as a trust
    territory for a ten-year period that would then lead to Somalia’s
  • In 1949, Dr.
  • In 1949, Panerai made a move to reformulate its glowing dial paint and trademarked its new luminescent chemistry as Luminor.
  • In 1950 the population was at 1,250,000.
  • In 1951, Dr.
  • In 1952, Eritrea was incorporated into Ethiopia.
  • In 1952, the original Italian Show Champion came to be .
  • In 1953, Libya concluded a twenty-year treaty of friendship and alliance with the United Kingdom under which the latter received military bases in exchange for financial and military assistance.
  • In 1955, the USSR recognized the Federal Republic.
  • In 1956, the breed was accepted into the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
  • In 1956, the breed was accepted into the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).
  • In 1957, Italy became a founding member of the European Economic Community.
  • In 1958, the Geneva Convention on the Law of
    the Sea gave the kingdom the rights to a 56,980 square kilometer (22,000
    square mile) area in the North Sea.
  • In 1962, a new constitution was adopted.
  • In 1963 Zahir Shah took full control of Afghanistan at the age of 49.
  • In 1967 religious institutions were abolished and Albania proclaimed itself the “first atheist state in the world.” Many Albanians maintained their religious beliefs in private.
  • In 1972, a value-added tax (VAT) system was introduced in Italy, and an equivalent tax was introduced also in San Marino, in accordance with the 1939 friendship treaty.
  • In 1973, when Zahir was in Italy for surgery, Daoud staged a coup d’état.
  • In 1974, the national team enjoyed one of their most famous victories when they beat Northern Ireland 1–0 in Nicosia.
  • In 1975, the AKC recognized the Bichon Frise Club of America.
  • In 1976, Professor Nicola Scopinaro of Italy introduced the BPD procedure, which involved the creation of a 200- to 500-mL proximal gastric pouch and removal of 60% to 75% of the stomach to reduce food capacity.
  • In 1977, the border between Montefeltro and Rimini was readjusted so that all of San Marino fell within the diocese of Montefeltro.
  • In 1978, Antony Lambton, Britain’s sixth Earl of Durham, and his partner, Claire Ward, bought the house and began restoring its faded grandeur.
  • In 1978, the Netherlands qualified for the World Cup in Argentina.
  • In 1979 the population reached 2,594,000; in 1983 it was 2,870,000; and in 1989 it was 3,185,000.
  • In 1979, an agreement with the European Union established a quota for exporting high-quality boneless beef.
  • In 1980, Malta signed a neutrality agreement with Italy, under which Malta agreed not to enter into any alliance and Italy agreed to guarantee Malta’s neutrality.[83] Malta’s relations with Italy have been described as “generally excellent”.[84]
  • In 1981 they bred the first litter in the U.S.A producing 6 puppies.
  • In 1982, the Italian Academy of Cuisine (Accademia Italiana della Cucina), an organization dedicated to preserving the culinary heritage of Italy, recorded and deposited a recipe for “classic Bolognese ragù” with the Bologna Chamber of Commerce (La Camera di Commercio di Bologna).[10][11][12] A version of the academy’s recipe for American kitchens was also published.[6] The academy’s recipe confines the ingredients to beef cut from the plate section (cartella di manzo), fresh unsmoked pancetta (pancetta di maiale distesa), onions, carrot, celery, passata (or tomato purée), meat broth, dry white wine, milk, salt and pepper.
  • In 1982, the Italian Academy of Cuisine (Accademia Italiana della Cucina), an organization dedicated to preserving the culinary heritage of Italy, recorded and deposited a recipe for “classic Bolognese ragù” with the Bologna Chamber of Commerce (La Camera di Commercio di Bologna).[10][11][12] A version of the academy’s recipe for American kitchens was also published.[6] The academy’s recipe confines the ingredients to beef cut from the plate section (cartella di manzo), fresh unsmoked pancetta (pancetta di maiale distesa), onions, carrot, celery, passata (or tomato purée), meat broth, dry white wine, milk, salt and pepper.
  • In 1984, the International Hovawart Federation (IHF) was established, bringing together now 14 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Slovakia, Sweden, Hungary, Great Britain, Italy) as well as Canada and the USA.
  • In 1984, the US and the Holy See announced the establishment of diplomatic relations once again.
  • In 1989 the breed came to the UK.
  • In 1989 they drew 1–1 with France in the World Cup qualifying match.
  • In 1990, the first free and democratic elections were held and the DEMOS coalition defeated the former Communist parties.
  • IN 1991, breed-specific legislation (BSL) prohibited four different types of dog in the UK: pit bull terrier, Japanese tosa, Fila Braziliero and dogo Argentino.
  • In 1991, the Socialist Republic was dissolved and the Republic of Albania was established.
  • In 1992, Dr.
  • In 1992, Prof.
  • In 1993 it became obligatory in Italy for any of the breed competing for the Italian Championship to qualify first in a work trial and only subsequently be entered in the Working Class in championship shows; in 2001 FCI changed introduced the same rule for the International Championship.Cirneco work trials are organised quite frequently in Sicily and every year in March a trial and Breed Show is held in Northern Italy.
  • In 1993 Panerai unveiled its first three models available for the public to buy.
  • In 1993, the government introduced a new national currency, the Moldovan leu, to replace the temporary cupon.
  • In 1993-1994 there were 21,230.
  • In 1993-98, wine exports increased from US$129 million to US$500 million.
  • In 1994, Dr.
  • In 1996, a second anticholinergic, tolterodine tartrate, was introduced as an alternative to oxybutynin.
  • In 1996, Gae dell Albera joined the show arena along with Fauno and our three boys.
  • In 1996, it took in about $11 billion of imports in machinery and transport equipment, fuels, intermediate manufactured goods, and miscellaneous manufactured goods.
  • In 1996, it took in about $11 billion of imports in machinery and
    transport equipment, fuels, intermediate manufactured goods, and
    miscellaneous manufactured goods.
  • In 1997 the official estimate of population was 3,300,000 inhabitants.
  • In 1997, Portuguese accounted
    for 13 percent of the population, Italians 5 percent, French 4 percent,
    Belgians 3 percent, Germans 2 percent, citizens of other European Union
    countries 3 percent, and citizens of other countries 3 percent.
  • In 1998, Sonatrach issued bonds for the first time, showing the regime’s loosening hold on the state-run enterprise.
  • In 1998, the first US Registered Bergamasco sired from Silver Pastori, Fauno and Gae dell Albera, was introduced to Canada.
  • In 1998, tourist revenues were high as Greece benefited from problems in neighboring countries and an economic recovery in the EU.
  • In 1999, a Papillon made history by being named the Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club.
  • In 1999, Italy—Algeria’s largest trade
  • In 1999, the economy experienced a currency and banking crisis, a default on public debt, and soaring inflation, which reached 60% for the end of the year.
  • In 1999, the total natural gas production of the
    kingdom was 80 billion cubic meters.
  • In 2000, Slovakia became the thirtieth member of the OECD.
  • In 2000, Slovakia received an invitation to join the OECD as its 30th member.
  • In 2000, the American Kennel Club recognized the all-purpose hunting dog from Italy.
  • In 2001 and 2002, the annual FDI inflow rose over 75% (to $1.33 billion and $1.28 billion, respectively), contrary to the worldwide trend of sharp decreases in inward FDI.
  • In 2001 real GDP growth increased to 5.2% (3.2% on a per capita basis) and the inflation rate moderated to 22.4%.
  • In 2001, Panerai re-opened its original boutique located in Florence’s historic Piazza San Giovanni.
  • In 2001, Sonatrach undertook a feasibility study on another natural gas pipeline under the Mediterranean to Sicily, the Italian mainland, and southern France; the project could come on-stream by 2008.
  • In 2001, the Bracco was accepted into the AKC Foundation Stock Service.
  • In 2002 San Marino replaced the Italian lira with the euro as its national currency.
  • In 2002, the first epidemic of a CoV infection also began in China, for which the clinical features included severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV [3], while another—currently ongoing in the Middle East—was first reported in 2012 [4] and is named Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV.
  • In 2003, rugby union was ranked the second most popular sport in the UK.
  • In 2003, the prosecutor's office in Naples named Đukanović as a linchpin in the illicit trade which used Montenegro as a transit point for smuggling millions of cigarettes across the Adriatic sea into Italy and into the hands of the Italian mafia for distribution across the EU.
  • In 2004, 3,730 Romanians applied for asylum in 10 countries, predominantly to Italy.
  • In 2004, Germany, France, and Italy each had more than 30,000 branches – more than double the 15,000 branches in the UK.[30]
  • In 2004, Mauritania’s principal export partners were: Japan (13.1%), France (11%), Spain (9.7%), Germany (9.7%), Italy (9.6%), Belgium (7.5%), China (6.1%), Russia (4.6%), and Côte d’Ivoire (4.1%).
  • In 2004, the bulk of exports went to the United States (14%), Japan (11.4%), China (9.9%), South Korea (5.5%), the Netherlands (5.1%), Brazil (4.3%), Italy (4.1%), Mexico (4%).
  • In 2004, the forestry sector generated exports of $3.4 billion, or 11% of Chilean exports.
  • In 2004, The Gambia’s primary export partners were: India (23.7%), the United Kingdom (15.2%), France (14.2%), Germany (9.6%), Italy (8.3%), Thailand (5.9%), and Malaysia (4.1%).
  • In 2004, the major exports were machinery (19.3% of all exports), food (17.1%), and transportation (13.7%, not including services).
  • In 2005 and 2006 Caritas Serbia organised fundraising campaigns in order to help people affected by floods and landslides in Serbia.
  • In 2005, exports reached $19 billion (FOB—Free on Board), while imports grew to $9 billion (FOB).
  • In 2005, exports reached $38 billion (FOB—Free on Board), while imports grew to $30 billion (FOB).
  • In 2005, it had an area of only 1.974 km2 (0.762 sq mi).
  • In 2005, the first national “Gathering” was held, and the Bracco Italiano Club of America was founded in 2007.
  • In 2005, the net migration rate was an estimated -0.13 migrants per 1,000 population.
  • In 2006 it launched a series of watches in partnership with one of the sportiest car-makers of all time—Ferrari.
  • In 2006 Niger qualified for Millennium Challenge Account threshold status, raising the prospect of significant U.S.
  • In 2006 the breed was formally recognised by the United Kennel Club (UKC).
  • In 2008, a test was developed to determine if a dog is a carrier of CA.
  • In 2009, Italy abolished its breed-specific regulations, which applied to 17 breeds of dogs, in favor of legislation that holds individual dog owners responsible for their dog’s behavior.
  • In 2009, Khazri made his debut for the Tunisia national under-20 football team.[17] However, in November 2011, he was called up by Erick Mombaerts to the France national under-21 football team for a pair of 2013 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship qualifiers against Romania and Slovakia.[18] In February 2012, he played his first and only game for the French side, against Italy, before being substituted by Frédéric Bulot.[19]
  • In 2011 it was admitted into the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Service (AKC-FSS).
  • In 2011 three engineering contractors said they would bid for the engineering work on the two units.
  • In 2011, Dr.
  • In 2012, a Dog circovirus (DogCV) was discovered in the USA, which was followed by further descriptions of the virus in the USA, Italy and Germany.
  • In 2012, Claudio Tuniz at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, and colleagues were testing new state-of-the-art 3D imaging technology.
  • In 2012, Tavares was replaced by Cuban coach Israel Blake Cantero who led the national team through the 2012 Caribbean Championship.
  • In 2013 the African Union commemorated King Idris’ legacy as an African hero and the architect of Libya’s independence from Italy’s colonial rule in a public event.[14] In fact, Idris remains widely regarded as the father of an independent and unified Libya who led the country through its resistance to the colonial powers.
  • In 2013, Italy hosted an expert consultation on public health aspects of migration in collaboration with WHO/Europe.
  • In 2013, production in the forest sector contributed $19.
  • In 2013, the Little Italy Association of San Diego embarked on a restoration project of two of Little Italy San Diego’s most iconic landmarks: Piazza Basilone and the Little Italy Landmark Sign.
  • In 2014, 38.5% of the quantity EU soft drinks consumed was sold in reuse bottles, 32.9% was in glass reuse bottles, and 5.6% was in REF-PET bottles (Amarasinghe et al., 2015).
  • In 2014, the EU granted Moldova visa-free access.
  • In 2015, the American Kennel Club officially recognized the Cirneco Dell’etna.
  • In 2016 and 2017 the FDA issued Drug Safety Communication alerts concerning the adverse effect of anesthetics including N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists on the brain during rapid synaptogenesis, advising to defer elective surgery requiring general anesthesia until after 3 years age [15, 56].
  • In 2016, after a series of damaging earthquakes in Italy, Caritas Serbia organised another fundraising campaign, collecting €12,000 to help the affected population.
  • In 2016, the firm “Hacking Team” based out of Milan, Italy, was known for designing cyber-weapons for governments across the globe.
  • in 2017, mink were produced on more than 200 farms across Canada.
  • In 2018, Djibouti launched Africa’s biggest free-trade zone, which will be managed by Chinese companies.
  • In 2019, a court ordered Djibouti to compensate a Dubai-based company for unilaterally terminating the company’s lease to operate a container terminal.
  • In 2019, Sergey Lavrov, Russia’s foreign minister, visited San Marino without stopping in Italy.
  • In 2019, they made the farthest they ever had in the CONCACAF Gold Cup by going 3-0 in the group stages including a last-minute goal against Costa Rica and coming back from a 2-0 deficit against Canada in the Quarter-Finals, winning the game 3-2.
  • In 2020, it saw a drop in the ranking from 24th in 2019 to 28th in 2020 in the Global MBA ranking of Financial Times.
  • In 2020, the majority of luxury eyewear sales in Canada remained via non-grocery specialists such as independent or mass optical retailers, specialist retailers such as Sunglass Hut, and luxury department stores such as Nordstrom and Saks Fifth Avenue, despite their temporary closure during the lockdown period.
  • In the 1400s, France invaded Italy, took its artists and pets with them.
  • In the 1600s the Italian Greyhound arrived in England, where, as in Italy, it found many fans among the nobility.
  • In the 1700s, the Bracco Italiano was created by Egyptian hound and Mastiff dog.
  • In the 1800s there were two dominant breeding lines in England, one of them being the Morrisson line, which was apparently founded on Queen Charlotte’s royal dogs, and the other was founded on dogs that were imported from Hungary and Russia, and started by Lord and Lady Willoughby de Eresby.
  • In the 1800s, the breed became more common and was used to perform tricks.
  • In the 1830s, Giuseppe Mazzini, a brilliant liberal nationalist, organized the Risorgimento (Resurrection), which laid the foundation for Italian unity.
  • In the 1920’s the breed standard
    was developed.
  • In the 1920s the breed standard was developed.
  • In the 1920s the search for element 61 was intense.
  • In the 1920s, it was decided to unify the two variations of the breed in order to preserve genetic diversity.First, the Piedmontese Pointer was a dog of lighter construction and color, and it originated in the Piedmont region of Italy, as its name suggests.
  • In the 1950s and early-1960s, Italy experienced a period of rapid economic growth and industrial production, called “il boom”, which saw the country’s rise from a poor and weak nation, to a powerful one.
  • In the 1950s, breeders began a concerted effort to reconstruct the spinone Italiano.
  • In the 1950s, breeders in other European countries also became aware of the German breed.
  • In the 1950s, Italy became a member of NATO and allied itself with the United States.
  • In the 1950s, Italy became a member of NATO.
  • In the 1950s, they were officially recognized as the same breed (Maremmano-Abruzzese).
  • In the 1960s, workers migrated to European countries as well as to Libya to escape poor economic conditions and to fill other countries’ need for low-skilled labor in construction and manufacturing.
  • In the 1970’s a group of breeders, veterinarians, and fans of the Lagotto Romagnolo breed worked together to develop a genetic reconstruction program to prevent the little dogs from dwindling out of existence altogether.
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, further Hovawart associations were formed in Austria, Britain, France, Italy and the USA.
  • In the 1970s they began to be widely used for transporting waste.[18]
  • In the 1980s Italy was one of the most notable first adopters of American Football in Europe, though corruption in the national federation and scandals have greatly reduced interest in this sport since.
  • In the 1980s they began to be bred in the UK, and in 1994 the Kennel Club granted the Spinone Championship status, meaning it was no longer a rare breed.
  • In the 1990s the numbers were unified and nowadays, when calling Italian phones you should always dial the full number.
  • In the 1990s, more clubs emerged in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia.
  • In the 1990s, trade increasingly focused on European Union countries, with the major partners being Germany, Italy, France, and Britain, followed by the United States.
  • In the 2000s, the Jasenovac Memorial Site started working on a list of all the inmates who were killed or died at the camp, using existing name-by-name lists, documents, confirmations of deaths and verifications by relatives.
  • On 1 January 1958 the breeds were unified by the ENCI, the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiano, the national dog association of Italy.
  • On 1 March 1941, Bulgaria formally signed the Tripartite Pact, becoming an ally of Nazi Germany, the Empire of Japan, and the Kingdom of Italy.
  • On 2 January 1992, Moldova introduced a market economy, liberalizing prices, which resulted in rapid inflation.
  • On 5 September 2009, Montenegro took an early lead against Bulgaria in Sofia with Stevan Jovetić putting them 1–0 up, only for Bulgaria to recover and win 4–1.
  • On 6 September 2008, Montenegro played their first World Cup qualifier against Bulgaria at the Podgorica City Stadium.
  • On 9 October 1676, van Leeuwenhoek reported the discovery of micro-organisms.[15]