Overview of Mozambique

  • Mozambique (/ˌmoʊzæmˈbiːk/), officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Moçambique or República de Moçambique, Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ ðɨ musɐ̃ˈbikɨ]; Chichewa: Mozambiki; Swahili: Msumbiji; Tsonga: Muzambhiki), is a country located in Southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest.
  • Mozambique is also one of the main beneficiaries of the Tripartite transport and transit facilitation programme (TTTFP) funded by the regional indicative programme (RIP) for Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, and the Indian Ocean (EA-SA-IO), in terms of technical assistance and capacity building.
  • Mozambique is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Southern African Development Community, and is an observer at La Francophonie.
  • Mozambique peaked in 1965, when Izquierdo took a group to the Olympics in Paris, then was quickly discarded.[4] Despite its short time in the spotlight, first Izquierdo, and later his son, have kept the mozambique alive through recordings and live performances.
  • Mozambique was the first new genre of post-revolution Cuba, and the first popular band music to systemically use rumba clave.[5] The mozambique began a new trajectory in band rhythms, which can be heard in its descendants—songo and timba.[6]
  • Mozambique's Ministry of Economy and Finance estimated in 2018 that a 20% cost overrun and 18 month delay on two key areas of the LNG projects could slash government revenue by around 6% — almost $2.5 billion — over a 25-year project lifeline.
  • Mozambique is also 1 of the 8 African countries benefitting from the EU-UN joint ‘Spotlight’ initiative, which aims to end sexual gender-based violence and protect women’s and girls’ sexual and reproductive health and rights.
  • Mozambique had pinned its economic hopes on the colossal natural gas deposits discovered a decade ago — but an escalating Islamist insurgency threatens to pull the rug from beneath a surge in private investment.
  • Mozambique's Cabo Delgado province, where they operate, is more than 1,600 km (990 miles) away from the capital Maputo but it contains the largest and richest Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) project in Africa.
  • Mozambique’s Ansar al-Sunna has been responsible for dozens of terror attacks in recent years, killing more than 1,300 civilians since October 2017, the statement noted.
  • Continent

    As well as some of the best colonial era architecture and relics to be found on the continent, Mozambique has also preserved its African cultural heritage, which can be experienced through art, music and food.From the 2,436 m Monte Binga peak to the stunning beaches along the coast, Mozambique is a country of contrasts.


    Immediately inland of the Swahili area, Makonde is used, separated farther inland by a small strip of Makhuwa-speaking territory from an area where Yao or ChiYao is used.Makonde and Yao belong to a different group, Yao[109] being very close to the Mwera language of the Rondo Plateau area in Tanzania.[110]
    Portuguese is the official and most widely spoken language of the nation, spoken by 50.3% of the population.[107]
    The Bantu-group languages of Mozambique that are indigenous to the country vary greatly in their groupings and in some cases are rather poorly appreciated and documented.[108] Apart from its lingua franca uses in the north of the country, Swahili is spoken in a small area of the coast next to the Tanzanian border; south of this, towards Moçambique Island, Kimwani, regarded as a dialect of Swahili, is used.


    During Portuguese colonial rule, a large minority of people of Portuguese descent lived permanently in almost all areas of the country,[98] and Mozambicans with Portuguese heritage at the time of independence numbered about 360,000.[99] Many of these left the country after independence from Portugal in 1975.[100] There are various estimates for the size of Mozambique’s Chinese community, ranging from 7,000 to 12,000 as of 2007[update].[101][102]

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    What do we know of the rescue?

    One contractor told the BBC many who escaped the hotel via convoy hid at the beach overnight on Friday and were evacuated by boat on Saturday morning.

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    Who are the insurgents?

    They call themselves al-Shabab, an Arabic word for "the young men" or "the lads".This is misleading as they are not the same group as Somalia's al Qaeda-linked insurgents who also go by that name.Instead, this group pledged allegiance in 2019 to the rival IS group, based in Iraq and Syria.They have adopted the title of Islamic State Central Africa Province (ISCAP), which again is misleading since Mozambique is not part of Central Africa.

    Is ISIL gaining a foothold in southern Africa?

    Leaders in southern Africa are considering possible troop deployment to northern Mozambique amid a rise in attacks.

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    What is happening in Mozambique?

    In addition to supporting the emergency response to these natural disasters, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) continued to run regular projects providing care for HIV and tuberculosis (TB), a dual epidemic affecting a large proportion of the population: an estimated 2.2 million Mozambicans are living with HIV, and 34,000 of them are co-infected with tuberculosis (TB).Learn how you can best help in Mozambique and other countries.

    Why Mozambique?

    Extending over 1,500 miles—the distance between Miami and Maine, Spain to Denmark—Mozambique’s coastline sustains millions of people and an economy heavily dependent on fisheries for jobs and protein.Half of Mozambicans live along Africa’s fourth largest coastline, and its small-scale fishers catch 85% of the country’s fish.Mozambique also holds extraordinary biodiversity, thought by many experts to be the second most biodiverse area in the world after the Coral Triangle.

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    What will it take to defeat them?

    A great deal more effort than has been made so far is the answer.

    Já ouviu falar sobre o CORONAVÍRUS?

    Os coronavírus são uma grande família de vírus que podem causar doenças em animais ou seres humanos.Vários coronavírus são conhecidos por causarem infecções respiratórias em seres humanos,
    que variam de constipação normal a doenças mais graves,
    como a Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio (MERS) e a
    Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave (SARS).O coronavírus
    descoberto muito recentemente causa uma doença chamada de coronavírus COVID-19.

    Who are the insurgents?

    The insurgents are primarily Muslims from the coastal zone of Cabo Delgado, recruited by local fundamentalist preachers with a basically socialist message – that Sharia, or Islamic law, would bring equality and everyone would share in the coming resource wealth.

    What’s Happening Right Now in Mozambique?

    Horrifying scenes of murder and grief are unfolding in the Mozambique province of Cabo Delgado.Brutal ongoing conflict and an escalation of attacks on villages is leading to the tragic beheadings of children as young as 11-years old."We tried to escape to the woods, but they took my eldest son and beheaded him," said Elsa*, who was hiding with her other three children."We couldn’t do anything because we would be killed too.

    What's the situation now in Palma?

    The exact number of casualties in Palma, a town of about 75,000 people in Cabo Delgado province, is unclear.Many are still unaccounted for.

    History of Mozambique

  • In 1698, the Imam of Oman invaded Zanzibar and drove the Portuguese away from the island.
  • In 2011 the entire EEZ of Mayotte was designated as a Marine Protected Area, though zoning is yet to be established.
  • In 1480 the Maravi Empire was founded by the Kalonga (paramount chief of the Maravi) from the Phiri clan one of the main clans with the others being Banda, Mwale and Nkhoma.
  • In 1480 the Maravi Empire was founded by the kalonga (paramount chief of the Maravi) from the Phiri clan, one of the main clans, with the others being Banda, Mwale and Nkhoma.
  • In 1500, the Portuguese established a string of forts and posts up and down the coast, starting with present day Ilha de Moçambique or Mozambique Island (at that time simply known as Mozambique and where the country gets its modern name), where the Portuguese plied the spice and slave routes from Mozambique up until 1891.
  • In 1500, the Portuguese established a string of forts and posts up and down the coast, starting with present day Ilha de Mozambique (at that time simply known as Mozambique and where the country gets its modern name), where the Portuguese plied the spice and slave routes from Mozambique up until 1891.
  • In 1514, Duarte Barbosa noted that the town had a Muslim population and that they spoke the same Swahili dialect as Angoche.[1]
  • In 1581, Philip II of Spain invaded Portugal and held it for 60 years, precipitating a catastrophic decline in Portuguese commerce.
  • In 1616 the Portuguese trader Gaspar Bocarro journeyed through what is now Malawi, producing the first European account of the country and its people.[5][6] The Portuguese were also responsible for the introduction of maize to the region.
  • In 1796 the French settlers broke away from French control when the government in Paris attempted to abolish slavery.[11]During the French rule slaves were brought from parts of Africa such as Mozambique and Zanzibar.
  • In 1859 it is recorded that he discovered the mass of water which was called by Yao people as Nyasa in Chiyao.
  • In 1861 under Bishop Charles Mackenzie missionaries of the Universities’ Mission to Central Africa (U.M.C.A) were sent to open a mission in Magomero where the Yao were already Muslims.
  • In 1871, the town was described as a poor place, with narrow streets, fairly good flat-roofed houses, grass huts, decayed forts, and a rusty cannon, enclosed by a recently erected wall 1.8 metres (6 ft) high and protected by bastions at intervals.
  • In 1888, Northern and Southern Rhodesia (now Zambia and Zimbabwe) were proclaimed a British sphere of influence.
  • In 1895, the opening of the NZASM railroad to Pretoria, South Africa, caused the city’s population to grow.
  • In 1898, the colony of Portuguese Mozambique relocated its capital there.
  • In 1900, the part of modern Mozambique northwest of the Zambezi and Shire Rivers was called Moçambique; the rest of it was Lourenço Marques.
  • In 1914 they became a colony attached to Madagascar administratively and were made a French overseas territory in 1947.
  • In 1948 the petroleum concession was given to the Mozambique Gulf Oil Company.
  • In 1948, the National Party came to power.
  • In 1951, it became an overseas province.
  • In 1951, the Portuguese overseas colonies in Africa were rebranded as Overseas Provinces of Portugal.[21][22][23]
  • In 1951, the Portuguese overseas colonies in Africa were rebranded as Overseas Provinces of Portugal.[4][5][6]
  • In 1953 Southern Rhodesia was joined with the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the Central African Federation, but this dissolved in 1963, and Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland became independent as Zambia and Malawi in 1964.
  • In 1956, there were 292,199 African students enrolled in first grade.
  • In 1959–60, Mozambique’s major exports included cotton, cashew nuts, tea, sugar, copra and sisal.
  • In 1962, several anti-colonial political groups formed the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO), which initiated an armed campaign against Portuguese colonial rule.
  • In 1965 Smith issued a Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the UK.
  • In 1966 the UN Security Council imposed mandatory economic sanctions on Rhodesia.
  • In 1967, Mozambique also sent seven delegates to the National Assembly in Lisbon.
  • In 1971 construction work of the Massingir Dam began.
  • In 1974 and 1975, Portugal granted independence to its overseas provinces in Africa (Mozambique, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde and São Tomé and Príncipe).
  • In 1977 Soilih’s government changed the French names of the four islands (Grande-Comore, Mohéli, Mayotte, and Anjouan) to Ngazidja, Mwali, Mahore, and Nzwani.
  • In 1977, the Western Contact Group (WCG) was formed including Canada, France, West Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • In 1982, Zimbabwe was chosen by the Organization of African Unity to hold one of the nonpermanent seats in the UN Security Council, and in 1986, Zimbabwe was the site of the Nonaligned Movement summit meeting, and Mr.
  • In 1983, the estimated gross national product (GNP) was US$2.7 billion, and per capita income was US$220.
  • In 1984 Africa Cup of Nations the team hosted the tournament by finishing in the group stage.
  • In 1984, a number of African resistance movements united to form the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique, and in 1975, following a decade of sporadic warfare, Mozambique won its independence and established a 1-party socialist government.
  • In 1984, Mozambique negotiated the Nkomati Accord with P.
  • In 1986, Mozambican President Samora Machel died in an air crash in South African territory.
  • In 1986, the population totaled 7 million with an annual growth rate of 3.7%.
  • In 1990, with apartheid crumbling in South Africa, and support for RENAMO drying up in South Africa and in the United States, the first direct talks between the FRELIMO government and Renamo were held.
  • In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections, and has since remained a relatively stable presidential republic, although it still faces a low-intensity insurgency.[11]
  • In 1994, the government became a full member of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, in part to broaden its base of international support but also to please the country’s sizeable Muslim population.
  • In 1995, Mozambique joined the Commonwealth of Nations, becoming, at the time, the only member nation that had never been part of the British Empire.
  • In 1995, Mozambique joined the Commonwealth of Nations, becoming, at the time, the only member nation that had never been part of the British Empire.[39]
  • In 2005, as part of a torch relay program to mark 30 years of independence, President Armando Guebuza noted that the torch’s flame was a symbol of Mozambique’s history and would light the people’s path “to the consolidation of independence and construction of their well-being.” As the torch was passed to a Mozambican born in the year that the country gained its independence, Guebuza remarked
  • In 2007 Julio Mercader, of the University of Calgary, recovered dozens of 100,000-year-old stone tools from a deep limestone cave (Ngalue) near Lake Niassa in Mozambique showing that wild sorghum, the ancestor of the chief cereal consumed today in sub-Saharan Africa for flours, bread, porridges, and alcoholic beverages, was being consumed by Homo sapiens along with African wine palm, the false banana, pigeon peas, wild oranges, and the African “potato.” This is the earliest direct evidence of humans using pre-domesticated cereals anywhere in the world.[1]
  • In 2007 the government has defined a strategy for water supply
    and sanitation in rural areas, where 62% of the population lives.
  • In 2007, one million children still did not go to school, most of them from poor rural families, and almost half of all teachers in Mozambique were still unqualified.
  • In 2010, South Africa hosted the first Football World Cup to be held on the African continent.
  • In 2010, the dredging works in the channel were finished and the Port of Maputo can now handle larger vessels – such as the Panamax vessels – with more cargo.
  • In 2010–2011, Anadarko Petroleum and Eni discovered the Mamba South gas field, recoverable reserves of 4,200 billion cubic metres (150 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas in the Rovuma Basin, off the coast of northern Cabo Delgado Province.
  • In 2011 the health authorities estimated about 1.7 million Mozambicans were HIV-positive, of whom 600,000 were in need of anti-retroviral treatment.
  • In 2011, Zambia was due to host the tenth All-Africa Games, for which three stadiums were to be built in Lusaka, Ndola, and Livingstone.[150] The Lusaka stadium would have a capacity of 70,000 spectators while the other two stadiums would hold 50,000 people each.
  • In 2012 the entire EEZ of Glorieuses was also established as a Marine Protected Area, excluding fisheries.
  • In 2012, it also created the largest coastal/marine reserve in Africa with the Primeiras and Segundas Archipelago Environmental Protection Area, an archipelago chain of ten islands that feature some of Africa’s most flourishing marine life and coral reefs.
  • In 2012, large natural gas reserves were found, which could have a huge impact on the economy.
  • In 2013, a BBC article reported that starting in 2009, Portuguese had been returning to Mozambique because of the growing economy in Mozambique and the poor economic situation in Portugal.[77]
  • In 2017, a group calling itself Ansar al-Sunna (translation: supporters of the tradition) started carrying out attacks on government and civilian targets in Cabo Delgado, a province rich in rubies and oil and with a population that is 54% Muslim – whereas most of Mozambique is Christian.
  • In 2019 Mozambique suffered floods and destruction from the devastating cyclones Idai and Kenneth.
  • In 2019, criminal law enforcement agencies in Mozambique took actions to combat child labor (Table 7).
  • In 2019, labor law enforcement agencies in Mozambique took actions to combat child labor (Table 6).
  • In 2019, Mozambique GDP was an estimated $15.1 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 2.2%; and the population was 31 million.
  • In 2019, Mozambique made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.
  • In 2019, Mozambique suffered from a lack of rainfall, extreme rains, cyclones, floods, pests, and insecurity in the northern areas.
  • In 2019, Mozambique was hit by two tropical cyclones, Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth, in the same season for the first time in recorded history.
  • In 2019, numerous trainings were conducted throughout the country, including the training of border police officers, and other stakeholders involved in assisting human trafficking victims, on the South African border.
  • In the 1950s, the Portuguese overseas colony was rebranded an overseas province of Portugal, and by the early 1970s, it was officially upgraded to the status of Portuguese non-sovereign state, by which it would remain a Portuguese territory but with a wider administrative autonomy.
  • On 3 February 2003, the African Union authorized an African Mission in Burundi (AMIB), which fielded troops from South Africa, Ethiopia, and Mozambique to safeguard cantonment areas and to provide technical assistance to the disarmament and demobilization process.
  • On 4 October 1992, the Rome General Peace Accords, negotiated by the Community of Sant’Egidio with the support of the United Nations, were signed in Rome between President Chissano and RENAMO leader Afonso Dhlakama, which formally took effect on the October 15, 1992.