South Africa


Overview of South Africa

  • South Africa went through a system of racial segregation from 1948 until 1994 called Apartheid (Afrikaans word meaning “separateness”) where race determined social, economic and political advantages or disadvantages.In 1994 South Africa elected its first democratic government which launched BBBEE (Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment) in 2003 as a racially selective program to empower previously disadvantages groups and enhance economy.The mandate of Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment is to increase the number of black people that own, manage, control and gain employment in South Africa’s economy.The Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (B-BBEE) Strategy was published as a precursor to the B-BBEE Act, No.
  • South Africa in its attempt to keep apartheid going, used the cold war and communist danger as an excuse to bypass UN sanctions and violently suppress civil disobedience within and on the former German colony of “South West Africa” (Namibia), invaded Angola, supported UDI Rhodesia and aided anti government armed insurrections in post colonial Mozambique and Angola.
  • South Africa is also rolling out self-testing on a wider scale.67 Initial trials have shown that 88% of those who refuse traditional testing accept the offer of HIV self-testing.68 A number of studies have found self-testing to be a preferable testing option among young people and people from key affected population groups, which include men who have sex with men.69 70
  • South Africa, India and a large number of WTO members are of the view that the IP waiver will allow drug makers in poor countries to start production of effective vaccines sooner without having to wait on an already congested global supply chain, thereby ensuring that vaccines are available to the most vulnerable and poor states in the world.
  • South Africa’s latitudinal stretch, its range of altitudes and the contrasting influences of its oceans means that the country has no less than 5 climatic zones: the Kalahari basin (semi-desert, desert), the fynbos (Mediterranean), the Highveld (semi-arid to savannah), the Karoo (elevated arid to semi-desert) and the Drakensberg (mountain).
  • South Africa’s most ecologically diverse province, KwaZulu-Natal is flanked by two vast and very alternative but equally important and alluring UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the lush subtropical Indian Ocean coastline protected within iSimangaliso Wetland Park and the lofty 3,000-plus metre peaks of the hiker-friendly uKhahlamba-Drakensberg.
  • South Africa’s remoteness—it lies thousands of miles distant from major African cities which include Lagos and Cairo and more than 6,000 miles (10,000 km) away from most of Europe, North America, and eastern Asia, where its major trading partners are located—helped reinforce the official system of apartheid for a large part of the 20th century.
  • South Africa's leaders were driven to develop weapons of mass destruction by border insecurity, strong distrust of neighboring countries, doubts about the true intentions of Western powers, and the country's increasing isolation from the international community because of apartheid and nuclear weapons aspirations.
  • South Africa went on to take the series comfortably 2–0 and claim the top spot in the rankings, a position they retained for over a full calendar year from 20 August 2012.[52] Eight days later, on 28 August 2012, South Africa became the first team to top the rankings in all three formats of the game.[53]
  • South African Boerboel, South African Mastiff : African Lion Dog, African Lion Hound : Tosa Inu, Tosa Ken, Tosa Tōken, Japanese Fighting Dog, Japanese Mastiff, Tosa Fighting Dog, Japanese Tosa : Breed Type : Purebred : Purebred : Cross Breed : AKC Group : Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2015 as a Working breed.
  • Continent

    Africa is currently and prospectively suffering from significant heat waves based on the nature of the continent amid the current environmental crisis.[15] South Africa contributes considerable CO2 emissions, being the 14th largest emitter of CO2.[12] Above the global average, South Africa had 9.5 tons of CO2 emissions per capita in 2015.[12] This is in large part due to its energy system relying heavily on coal and oil.[12] As part of its international commitments, South Africa has pledged to peak emissions between 2020 and 2025.[12]


    South Africa is also rolling out self-testing on a wider scale.67 Initial trials have shown that 88% of those who refuse traditional testing accept the offer of HIV self-testing.68 A number of studies have found self-testing to be a preferable testing option among young people and people from key affected population groups, such as men who have sex with men.69 70

    South Africa: Global deaths in comparison: how are deaths changing across the world?

    In our page on COVID-19 deaths, we provide maps and tables on how the number and change in deaths compare across the world.

    Can the World Learn From South Africa’s Vaccine Trials?

    Vaccine trials are often done in wealthier countries.Scientists say the South Africa experience proves the value of trials in the global south.

    MS: Why are partnerships with organizations like Global Citizen, and civil society engagement so critical for the South African government?

    AS: South Africa is a constitutional democracy, the state and government is required to create an environment in which all citizens can realize their maximum potential.Civil society formations are an integral element, and an important dynamic stakeholder in decision-making processes, who often articulate the concerns and interests of the people and often lead domestic and global discussions.South Africa encourages a healthy partnership with Civil Society as each compliment the other in addressing the needs and interests of people.Partnership with domestic and global organisations such as Global Citizen is essential in today’s globalised and interconnected world.It is through such partnerships that we can build an inclusive and equitable global society where no one is left behind.

    South Africa: Are countries testing enough to monitor their outbreak?

    To be able to properly monitor the spread of the virus, countries with more widespread outbreaks need to do more testing.

    South Africa: Daily confirmed deaths: how do they compare to other countries?

    This chart shows the daily confirmed deaths per million people of a country’s population.

    When to visit South Africa?

    Johannesburg and the highveld is warm and mild by day, cool at night and receives occasional rainfall often in the late afternoon.

    How have countries responded to the pandemic?

    Travel bans, stay-at-home restrictions, school closures – how have countries responded to the pandemic? Explore the data on all policy measures.

    South Africa: Cumulative confirmed deaths: how do they compare to other countries?

    This chart shows the cumulative number of confirmed deaths per million people.

    Why is data on testing important?

    No country knows the total number of people infected with COVID-19.All we know is the infection status of those who have been tested.All those who have a lab-confirmed infection are counted as confirmed cases.

    What is counted as a test?

    The number of tests does not refer to the same thing in each country – one difference is that some countries report the number of people tested, while others report the number of tests (which can be higher if the same person is tested more than once).And other countries report their testing data in a way that leaves it unclear what the test count refers to exactly.

    What can I do to avoid bed bugs?

    Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance.See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them.For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.

    How dangerous are the new COVID variants?

    Dr Khan explains what we know about variants from Brazil, South Africa and the UK, plus a possible new one in Nigeria.

    What does the data on deaths and cases tell us about the mortality risk of COVID-19?

    To understand the risks and respond appropriately we would also want to know the mortality risk of COVID-19 – the likelihood that someone who is infected with the disease will die from it.

    Pigeons: Nuisance Animals, or Expert Accomplices in Diamond Smuggling?

    In “Flight of the Diamond Smugglers,” Matthew Gavin Frank details the surprising role pigeons play in South African diamond smuggling.

    Why adjust for the size of the population?

    Differences in the population size between countries are often large, and the COVID-19 death count in more populous countries tends to be higher.Because of this it can be insightful to know how the number of confirmed deaths in a country compares to the number of people who live there, especially when comparing across countries.

    Should vaccine makers give away patents to speed up rollout?

    Vaccination is crucial to get a quarter of a billion people who lost their jobs during the pandemic back into work.

    South Africa: How many tests are performed each day?

    This chart shows the number of daily tests per thousand people.Because the number of tests is often volatile from day to day, we show the figures as a seven-day rolling average.

    South Africa: Global vaccinations in comparison: which countries are vaccinating most rapidly?

    In our page on COVID-19 vaccinations, we provide maps and charts on how the number of people vaccinated compares across the world.

    South Africa: Cumulative confirmed cases: how do they compare to other countries?

    This chart shows the cumulative number of confirmed cases per million people.

    South Africa: How did confirmed deaths and cases change over time?

    So far we’ve focused on confirmed deaths and on confirmed cases.

    Why is it useful to look at biweekly changes in deaths?

    For all global data sources on the pandemic, daily data does not necessarily refer to deaths on that day – but to the deaths reported on that day.

    Is it Safe to Travel to South Africa?

    Being born and bred South African, the most difficult question I get asked by new friends while traveling is “is it safe to travel to South Africa?”.

    South Africa: Daily confirmed cases: how do they compare to other countries?

    Differences in the population size between different countries are often large.To compare countries, it is insightful to look at the number of confirmed cases per million people – this is what the chart shows.

    What type of traveller are you?

    All visitors must present a passport upon arrival at their port of entry.This must be valid until at least 30 days after the end of their intended stay, and must have at least one blank page to accommodate entry and exit stamps.

    Why does CDC recommend packing these health-related items?

    It’s best to be prepared to prevent and treat common illnesses and injuries.Some supplies and medicines may be difficult to find at your destination, may have different names, or may have different ingredients than what you normally use.

    South Africa: Global cases in comparison: how are cases changing across the world?

    In our page on COVID-19 cases, we provide maps and tables on how the number and change in cases compare across the world.

    What is important to note about these case figures?

    → We provide more detail on these points in our page on Cases of COVID-19.

    Why is it useful to look at biweekly changes in confirmed cases?

    For all global data sources on the pandemic, daily data does not necessarily refer to the number of new confirmed cases on that day – but to the cases reported on that day.

    Why South Africa?

    No other country in Africa, and few anywhere else in the world, offer a diversity of attractions to rival South Africa.South Africa is one of the continent’s finest Big Five destinations.The likes of the Kruger National Park and Hluhluwe-Imfolozi Game Reserve have all the amenities and attractions one would come to expect from world-class wildlife destinations.While adjoining private reserves such as Sabi Sand and Phinda rank among the world’s most luxurious venues for all-inclusive guided safaris.Importantly, when it comes to families with young children, South Africa is unique in that several of its most alluring Big Five reserves – for instance Madikwe, Pilanesberg and Addo Elephant National Park – lie within regions that are 100% free of malaria.

    History of South Africa

  • In the 1980’s, a serious search started again for the original farm dog commonly known as the Boerboel, and the first Breed Society in South Africa formed to recognize the Boerboel as a breed.
  • In 1948, South Africa established the Atomic Energy Board, the precursor to the Atomic Energy Corporation, to oversee the development of the nation's uranium mining and trade industry.
  • In 1977, the Atomic Energy Board completed manufacture of South Africa's first full-scale nuclear explosive device based on a gun-type design.
  • In 1464 King Matthias I owned this breed.
  • In 1488, Bartolomeu Dias, a Portuguese navigator, became the first European to round the Cape of Good Hope (so named by King John II of Portugal).
  • In 1652, a large, mastiff-type dog known as “Bullenbijter” (bull baiting dog) was brought to South Africa.
  • In 1689 about 200 Huguenot refugees from Europe arrived; they established a wine industry and intermarried with the earlier Dutch settlers.
  • In 1833 slavery was abolished in the British Empire, an act that angered South African slaveowners, but the freed slaves remained oppressed and continued to be exploited by white landowners.
  • In 1835, large numbers of Boers started out on the Groot Trek (the great migration) into the interior after becoming dissatisfied with the British rule.
  • In 1862, an annual fixture “Mother Country v Colonial Born” was staged for the first time in Cape Town.
  • In 1867, diamonds were discovered in the Kimberley region of South Africa.
  • In 1871, the town was described as a poor place, with narrow streets, fairly good flat-roofed houses, grass huts, decayed forts, and a rusty cannon, enclosed by a recently erected wall 1.8 metres (6 ft) high and protected by bastions at intervals.
  • In 1876, Port Elizabeth presented the “Champion Bat” for competition between South African towns.
  • In 1884, Cecil Rhodes’s British South African Company received a charter to develop the country.
  • In 1884, the territory became a Crown colony by the name of Basutoland, with Maseru as its capital.
  • In 1886, gold was discovered in Transvaal.
  • In 1888, Cecil Rhodes, spearheading British commercial and political interests in Central Africa, obtained a mineral rights concessions from local chiefs.
  • In 1888, Northern and Southern Rhodesia (now Zambia and Zimbabwe) were proclaimed a British sphere of influence.
  • In 1888, Sir Donald Currie sponsored the first English team to tour South Africa.
  • In 1888, the British South Africa Company (BSA Company), led by Cecil Rhodes, obtained mineral rights from the Litunga of the Lozi people, the Paramount Chief of the Lozi (Ba-rotse) for the area which later became Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia.[50]
  • In 1889, South Africa became the third test-playing nation when it played against England at Port Elizabeth,[12] captained by Owen Robert Dunell.[13] Soon after, a 2nd test was played at Cape Town.
  • In 1890 the site of the present town was claimed for the German government.
  • In 1890, Cecil J.
  • In 1894, a convention placed Swaziland under the South African Republic as a protectorate.
  • In 1895, the opening of the NZASM railroad to Pretoria, South Africa, caused the city’s population to grow.
  • In 1896, the Transvaal and the Orange Free State formed an alliance, and in 1899 they declared war on Great Britain.
  • In 1898, ‘Southern Rhodesia’ became the official denotation for the region south of the Zambezi,[26] which later became Zimbabwe.
  • In 1898, the name Southern Rhodesia was adopted.[22] In 1888, Rhodes obtained a concession for mining rights from King Lobengula of the Ndebele peoples.[23] Cecil Rhodes presented this concession to persuade the British government to grant a royal charter to his British South Africa Company over Matabeleland, and its subject states such as Mashonaland.
  • In 1903, after the British victory in the Second Boer War, Swaziland became a British protectorate known as the Swaziland Protectorate.
  • In 1904, South Africa was invited by the Marylebone Cricket Club for a tour of England to play a series of first-class matches, the team not being regarded as sufficiently high standard to play-official Tests.
  • In 1905, a railway line was built to connect Maseru to the railway network of South Africa.
  • In 1906, England made a reciprocal tour to South Africa, which this time consisted of a 5-match official Test series.
  • In 1910 the Union of South Africa, with dominion status, was established by the British; it included Cape of Good Hope, Natal, the Orange Free State, and the Transvaal as provinces.
  • In 1910, one author remarked on the popularity of theatre amongst Southern Rhodesia’s White population: “the local population must have spent a considerable amount on theatre seats.
  • In 1910, the Union of South Africa formed out of the region’s British colonies.
  • In 1912, J.
  • In 1915 South African forces occupied Windhoek and initiated their claim for the country, then known as South West Africa.
  • In 1915, during World War I, Namibian territory was taken over by South African forces.
  • In 1915, during World War I, South Africa launched a military campaign and occupied the German colony of South West Africa.
  • In 1915, South African forces captured South West Africa (present-day Namibia) from the Germans, and after the war the territory was placed under the Union as a League of Nations mandate.
  • In 1918 South Africa was beset with the “Great Flu’.
  • In 1919, Botha was succeeded as prime minister by his close associate J.
  • In 1921 the South Africans were given a mandate over Namibia from the League of Nations.
  • In 1921–22 skilled white mine workers on the Witwatersrand, fearful of losing their jobs to lower-paid nonwhites, staged a major strike, which Smuts ended only with a use of force that cost about 230 lives.
  • In 1921, it became a mandated territory of the League of Nations, under the administration of South Africa.
  • In 1923, European settlers voted to become the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia.
  • In 1924 Bullmastiffs began to be judged.
  • In 1925, a military coup by Reza Shah established a new “Pahlavi” dynasty, named for the most ancient Persian dynasty around 500 BC.
  • In 1928 enormous copper deposits were discovered in the region which then became known as the Copperbelt, transforming Northern Rhodesia from a prospective land of colonization for white farmers to a copper exporter.
  • In 1928, Antonio Nores Martinez, a medical doctor, professor and surgeon, set out to breed a big game hunting dog that was also capable of being a loyal pet and guard dog.
  • In 1928, the diamond mining company De Beers imported Bullmastiffs to South Africa to guard the mines.
  • In 1928, the diamond mining company De Beers imported Bullmastiffs to South Africa to guard the mines.[9]
  • In 1928, the diamond mining company De Beers imported Bullmastiffs to South Africa to guard the mines.[9]
  • In 1928, the infamous De Beers diamond cartel imported several of the dogs to South Africa to protect their mining interests.
  • In 1928, they guarded the diamond mines run by De Beers, who imported the dogs to South Africa. 
  • In 1930, Hans Fischer, a Nobel laureate,
    described heme as the crypt that makes blood red and grass
  • In 1935 are bred by breeders who have Drever puppies for sale listings to find a list of located!
  • In 1937, Waldenström in Sweden published his findings
    on one specific type of porphyria, acute intermittent
    porphyria (AIP).
  • In 1938, the diamond mining company De Beers imported Bullmastiffs to guard their South African mines, and these dogs were subsequently integrated into the Boerboel gene pool.
  • In 1944, the USA and UK requested forecasts from South Africa on its potential to supply mineable uranium.
  • In 1947, the larger variety of these dogs was given the name Drever, and it was soon recognized as a Swedish breed.
  • In 1948 the petroleum concession was given to the Mozambique Gulf Oil Company.
  • In 1948, the National Party came to power.
  • In 1948, the South African government instituted apartheid, which involved policies of racial segregation and white domination over the black majority and other non-white groups.
  • In 1950 the number of Jews in Greece was about 8,000; in 1958 it was 5,209; and in 1967 about 6,500 Jews were scattered among 18 communities; 2,800 in Athens, 1,000 in Salonika (a number which rose to 1,300 by 1968), and 450 Jews in Larissa.
  • In 1951, a company was formed to exploit the uranium-rich slurries from gold mining and in 1967 this function was taken over by Nuclear Fuels Corporation of South Africa (Nufcor), which in 1998 became a subsidiary of AngloGold Ltd, now Anglo Gold Ashanti.
  • In 1951, it became an overseas province.
  • In 1952, the Anjouanese
    fisherman in the picture above, received the reward from Dr.
  • In 1953 Southern Rhodesia was joined with the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the Central African Federation, but this dissolved in 1963, and Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland became independent as Zambia and Malawi in 1964.
  • In 1956, the Drever was recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club.
  • In 1959 a new constitution gave Basutoland its 1st elected legislature.
  • In 1959, research, development and utilisation of nuclear technology was added to AEB's remit.
  • In 1959, the colonial forces in Windhoek sought to remove black residents further away from the white area of town.
  • In 1959, the government approved the creation of a domestic nuclear industry and planning began the next year on building a research reactor, in cooperation with the US Atoms for Peace programme.
  • In 1959–60, Mozambique’s major exports included cotton, cashew nuts, tea, sugar, copra and sisal.
  • In 1960 the British granted Basutoland a new constitution that paved the way to internal self-government.
  • In 1960, 70 black protesters were killed during a peaceful demonstration in Sharpesville.
  • In 1960, a breakaway group of former ANC members formed the Pan Africanist Congress under the leadership of Robert Sobukwe, who attempted to organize protests against the hated pass laws.
  • In 1960, television was introduced into the then Southern Rhodesia.
  • In 1961, South Africa left the Commonwealth of Nations (whose members were strongly critical of South Africa’s apartheid policies) and became a republic.
  • In 1961, the Republic of South Africa under the apartheid regime, was formed and SA exited the Commonwealth.
  • In 1961, the Republic of South Africa was formed and SA exited the Commonwealth.
  • In 1963, a police raid at a farm in Rivonia enabled the government to seize enough evidence to arrest and convict a large number of ANC and MK leaders (including Nelson Mandela) in 1964, at what was later known as the “Rivonia Trial.”
  • In 1964 the American Kennel Club (AKC) accepted the Black Mouth Cur.
  • In 1964 the Three Chiefs went back to the UK and told the Queen that they did not need the protection any more.
  • In 1965 Smith issued a Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the UK.
  • In 1966 the UN Security Council imposed mandatory economic sanctions on Rhodesia.
  • In 1966, Prime Minister Verwoerd was assassinated by a discontented white government employee.
  • In 1966, South West Africa People’s Organisation’s (SWAPO) military wing, the People’s Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN) began guerrilla attacks on South African forces, infiltrating the territory from bases in Zambia.
  • In 1966, the UN called for South Africa’s withdrawal from the territory, and officially renamed it Namibia in 1968.
  • In 1967, a 601-carat (120.2 g) diamond (Lesotho Brown) was discovered in the mountains by a Mosotho woman.
  • In 1968 the country was placed under British protection.
  • In 1969 DeBeers created a partnership with the Botswana government to create the company Debswana.
  • In 1970, the Uranium Enrichment Corporation (UCOR) was established, initiating an extensive fuel cycle programme.
  • In 1971, South African musicians Clive Calder and Ralph Simon began a publishing and management company.
  • In 1975, South Africa sponsored the Turnhalle Constitutional Conference, which sought an “internal settlement” to Namibia.
  • In 1975, the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), an anti-communist group sponsored by the Rhodesian Intelligence Service, the apartheid government in South Africa and the United States after Zimbabwe’s independence, was founded and launched a series of attacks on transport routes, schools and health clinics, and the country descended into civil war.
  • In 1975, the Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO), an anti-communist group sponsored by the Rhodesian Intelligence Service, the apartheid government in South Africa and the United States after Zimbabwe’s independence, was founded and launched a series of attacks on transport routes, schools and health clinics, and the country descended into civil war; see also 20th-century South Africa.
  • In 1976, an uprising in the black township of Soweto spread to other black townships and left 600 dead.
  • In 1976, Iran paid one billion dollars for a ten percent stake in Eurodif's Tricastin uranium enrichment plant in France and a fifteen percent stake in the RTZ uranium mine in Rossing, Namibia.
  • In 1976, open rebellion erupted in the black township of Soweto near Johannesburg as a protest against the requirement of the use of Afrikaans as the medium of instruction in black schools.
  • In 1976, the Soviet Union apparently became sufficiently alarmed at the progress of the South African nuclear program to discuss it with the United States.
  • In 1977 Soilih’s government changed the French names of the four islands (Grande-Comore, Mohéli, Mayotte, and Anjouan) to Ngazidja, Mwali, Mahore, and Nzwani.
  • In 1977, attacks from Rhodesian and South African forces led to the Botswana Defense Force being created.
  • In 1977, the death of black leader Steve Biko in police custody (and under suspicious circumstances) prompted protests and sanctions.
  • In 1977, the Western Contact Group (WCG) was formed including Canada, France, West Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • In 1978, Denard returned and overthrew President Soilih by force and re-instated Abdallah with the support of the French and South African governments.
  • In 1981, the country experienced a failed coup attempt by Mike Hoare and a team of South African-backed mercenaries.
  • In 1981, Zomba formed Jive Records, whose operations began with the release of British dance and pop music such as Q-Feel, A Flock of Seagulls, and Tight Fit.[1] Its name was inspired by township Jive, a type of music that originated in South Africa.[3] Davis had hoped that Zomba’s connection with Mutt Lange would help alleviate the difficulties Arista was having finding potentially successful rock acts.
  • In 1982, the AEB was re-established as the Nuclear Development Corporation of South Africa (NUCOR) under a new controlling body – the Atomic Energy Corporation of South Africa (AEC).
  • In 1982, Zimbabwe was chosen by the Organization of African Unity to hold one of the nonpermanent seats in the UN Security Council, and in 1986, Zimbabwe was the site of the Nonaligned Movement summit meeting, and Mr.
  • In 1983, Johan de Jager from the Natal province, a Boerboel breeder since 1960, took the initiative to found the South African Boerboel Breeders Association (SABBA).
  • In 1983, the estimated gross national product (GNP) was US$2.7 billion, and per capita income was US$220.
  • In 1984, a number of African resistance movements united to form the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique, and in 1975, following a decade of sporadic warfare, Mozambique won its independence and established a 1-party socialist government.
  • In 1984, Mozambique negotiated the Nkomati Accord with P.
  • In 1985, UCOR was incorporated into the AEC.
  • In 1986, Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu, a black South African leader, addressed the United Nations and urged further sanctions against South Africa.
  • In 1986, Mozambican President Samora Machel died in an air crash in South African territory.
  • In 1986, the infant mortality rate was 111/1000.
  • In 1986, the islands were transferred to the South Africa Johannesburg Mission.
  • In 1986, the population totaled 7 million with an annual growth rate of 3.7%.
  • In 1988, as apartheid started to wind down, Lesotho hosted some 4,000 refugees from South Africa, while there were 7,000 in Swaziland and several thousands in Botswana.
  • In 1989, President Botha fell ill and was succeeded, first as party leader, then as president, by F.
  • In 1990 the Boerboel breed, according to the AKC, was in danger of being lost and a group of fanciers (later to become the South African Boerboel Breeders’ Association or SABT) started scouring South Africa for eligible dogs to use as a breeding base.
  • In 1990, the release of South Africa’s Nelson Mandela signalled the end of apartheid and changed the face of the region, allowing thousands of South African exiles to return home in safety.
  • In 1990, with apartheid crumbling in South Africa, and support for RENAMO drying up in South Africa and in the United States, the first direct talks between the FRELIMO government and Renamo were held.
  • In 1991 at the age of 25, Gamache defeated South Africa’s Jerry Ngobeni to win the WBA’s super featherweight championship in what was his greatest victory.
  • In 1991 the Dogo Argentino was banned in Britain under the Dangerous Dog Act.
  • In 1991, a blanket amnesty was granted to all exiles and refugees.
  • In 1991, a multiracial forum led by de Klerk and Mandela, the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA), began working on a new constitution.
  • In 1991, after international pressure and when a change of government was imminent, South African Ambassador to the United States Harry Schwarz signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
  • In 1991, the team was sponsored by soft drink brand 7 Up, but despite the team’s moderately successful first season and Eddie Jordan saying the team had “more than fulfilled our part of the bargain”,[11] the sponsorship was replaced by South African energy company Sasol until 1994, with Barclay supplementing until 1993.
  • In 1992, 73% of the eligible white population voted in a referendum to have the apartheid system abolished.
  • In 1992, Banda faced violent protests.
  • In 1992, The People’s Republic of China and France acceded to the NPT, the last of the five nuclear powers recognized by the treaty to do so.
  • In 1993, 38 percent of world production of REEs was in China, 33 percent was in the United States, 12 percent was in Australia, and five percent each was in Malaysia and India.
  • In 1993, a 7-year-old female Jindo named Baekgu (백구; 白狗; translated as a White Dog), raised by Park Bok-dan (박복단), an 83-year-old woman on Jindo Island, was sold to a new owner in the city of Daejeon which is located about 300 km (180 mi) away from the island.
  • In 1993, an interim constitution was passed, which dismantled apartheid and provided for a multiracial democracy with majority rule.
  • In 1993, de Klerk announced that six nuclear weapons and a seventh uncompleted one had been dismantled.
  • In 1993, the then president Frederik Willem de Klerk openly admitted that the country had developed a limited nuclear weapon capability.
  • In 1994, the IAEA completed its work and declared that the country had fully dismantled its nuclear weapons program.
  • In 1995, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was able to declare that it was satisfied all materials were accounted for and the weapons programme had been terminated and dismantled.
  • In 1995, the U.S.-South African Binational Commission was launched to support the rebuilding of South Africa, and U.S.
  • In 1996 they were eliminated in the quarter-finals despite being one of the fancied teams and having qualified first in their group.
  • In 1996, Algeria returned to African Cup of Nations, but were eliminated by hosts South Africa in the quarter-finals.
  • In 1996, Pierre Buyoya (Tutsi) again took power through a coup d’état.
  • In 1996, South Africa signed the African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone Treaty – also called the Pelindaba Treaty.
  • In 1996, the interim constitution was replaced with South Africa’s current constitution.
  • In 1997 (the latest year for which data was available), 83,000 passengers traveled on international and domestic flights.
  • In 1997, Mokhehle remained prime minister as he broke from the BCP and founded the Lesotho Congress for Democracy party (LCD), reducing the BCP to the opposition.
  • In 1997, the score was adapted into a Broadway musical version which won the Tony Award for Best Musical in 1998.[27][28]
    As of April 2012[update], the musical version of The Lion King is the highest grossing Broadway show of all time, having grossed $853.8 million.[29]
  • In 1998, Namibia lost to Ivory Coast 4–3 and drew Angola 3–3 before losing to South Africa 4–1.
  • In 1998, the first US Registered Bergamasco sired from Silver Pastori, Fauno and Gae dell Albera, was introduced to Canada.
  • In 1999 South Africa lost in the semi-final to eventual champions Australia.
  • In 1999, imports were valued at $48 million.
  • In 2001, FDI inflow was at a near average level of $5.5 billion.
  • In 2002, Mosisili was reelected under a revised political system that gave opposition parties a larger role in Parliament.
  • In 2002, the country signed the Additional Protocol in relation to its safeguards agreements with the IAEA.
  • In 2002, the lead areas for FDI were transportation, telecommunications, and mining.
  • In 2002, there were 188 hotel rooms with a total of 376 beds.
  • In 2003 the South African government introduced the Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment Act 53 of 2003 (the BEE Act) in an attempt to address the inequalities suffered by black South African citizens as a result of the apartheid regime. 

    The aim of BEE is to increase the participation of black people in the management, ownership and control of South Africa’s economy by measuring the economic involvement of black people over a range of specified BEE elements. 

    These elements are introduced through the BEE Act by the issuance of the Generic Codes of Good Practice.

  • In 2003, the Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (B-BBEE) Strategy was published as a precursor to the B-BBEE Act, No.
  • In 2003, the Broad-based Black Economic Empowerment Act was promulgated, legislating a new way of measuring economic transformation for South Africa.
  • In 2004, Botswana’s agricultural imports (primarily cereals) exceeded agricultural exports by $102.5 million.
  • In 2005 an agreement was signed which led to the return of many of the rebels to the Zimbabwe side.[24] However, results failed to improve as in March Zimbabwe lost both their Tests on tour against South Africa by an innings.
  • In 2006 the government of South Africa announced that it was considering building a further conventional nuclear plant, possibly at Koeberg, to boost supplies in the Cape province.
  • In 2006, 60 international scientists called the government’s policies ?disastrous and pseudo-scientific.?
  • In 2006, at the age of 23, he wrote his first play, Performers’ Travel Guide, staged at the Intimate Theatre.
  • In 2006, BNFL's 15% stake was transferred to its Westinghouse subsidiary, which was later sold to Toshiba. 
  • In 2008, Arthur became the first South African coach to guide his team to a test win in Australia.
  • In 2008, Namibia lost to Morocco 5–1 and to Ghana 1–0 but drew Guinea 1–1 in their last match.
  • In 2008, with assistance from the U.S.
  • In 2009 in South Africa it became illegal for anyone other than a dentist or dental hygienist to whiten (bleach) your teeth, regardless of whether the product contains peroxide or not.
  • In 2009, Samoa announced their departure from the Pacific Islands Rugby Alliance, leaving just Fiji and Tonga in the union.
  • In 2009, South African journalist and FIFA archivist Mark Gleeson wrote that it was undermining the integrity of African football.[15]
  • In 2009, the Cavalier was the fourth most popular breed in Australia with 3,196 registrations behind only Labrador Retrievers, German Shepherd Dogs and Staffordshire Bull Terriers.
  • In 2009, the government is scheduled to set up a Truth and Reconciliation Commission, with the assistance of South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu, to “address people’s traumatic experiences during the five-year ethnic conflict on Guadalcanal”.[7][8]
  • In 2010 a request was made by the IRBA to be given authority to accredit their members.
  • In 2010 it was fully recognized by the AKC.
  • In 2010, a South African surgeon warned that the “boerboel” was presenting an alarming new danger to children:
  • In 2010, almost 80% of the cotton planted in Burkina Faso was grown from genetically modified seeds.
  • In 2010, research emerged from sub-Saharan Africa suggesting that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) can reduce the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission by up to 60%.89 This led the South African government to rapidly roll out a national VMMC programme, which aimed to reach 80% of HIV-negative men (4.3 million) by 2016.
  • In 2010, South Africa hosted the first Association Football World Cup to be held on the African continent.
  • In 2010, South Africa hosted the first Football World Cup to be held on the African continent.
  • In 2011, Statistics South Africa counted 2.1 million foreigners in total.[5] However, reports[specify] suggest that is an underestimation.
  • In 2011, Swaziland suffered an economic crisis, due to reduced SACU receipts.
  • In 2012 Lynn & Connie were awarded the AKC Working Dog Breeders of the Year.
  • In 2012, about 180 National Football League players wore dreadlocks.
  • In 2012, CIC Energy was acquired by India’s Jindal Steel and Power.
  • In 2013, a little more than 3 percent of South African weapons exports went to these two states.
  • In 2013, approximately 208,000 foreign citizens were naturalised as British citizens, the highest number since records began in 1962.
  • In 2013, Pakistan played bilateral series against South Africa, India, West Indies, Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka and they also participated in Champions Trophy.
  • In 2013, production in the forest sector contributed $19.
  • In 2014 it signed an agreement with Shine Medical Technologies in the USA for future supplies of Mo-99.
  • In 2014 the South African-Dutch-Equatorial Guinean drama film Where the Road Runs Out was shot in the country.
  • In 2014, the eight countries covered by the report – Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritius, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa and Tunisia – reported tax revenues as a percentage of GDP ranging from 16.1% to 31.3%.
  • In 2015 and 2016, this was up to 42.1 and 48.9 percent, respectively.
  • In 2015, 29.3% of the people were children under the age of 15, 65.7% were between 15 and 64 years of age, and 5.0% were 65 or older.[21] All population estimates are rounded to the nearest thousand.
  • In 2015, Americans spent over $11 billion on teeth whitening, including over $1.
  • In 2015, an initial trial of PrEP was conducted amongst South African women.
  • In 2015, as the 2011-2015 strategic plan came to an end, Zimbabwe held a national consultation to explore how the country’s prevention responses can be revitalised.
  • In 2015, the AKC admitted the boerboel into the working dog category, which helped raise the breed’s profile in North America. 
  • In 2015, they were admitted to the American Kennel Club in the ‘Working Group’ category.
  • In 2015, Wisconsin became the first state to introduce a bill to make blaze pink a legal hunting color.
  • In 2016, ownership of the industry by Historically Disadvantaged South Africans (HDSAs) stood at 39%, a notable increase over the targeted 26%.
  • In 2016, South Africa implemented the ‘test and treat’ strategy, making everyone with a positive diagnosis eligible for treatment regardless of how advanced HIV is in their body.
  • In 2016, the South African government launched a progressive new National Sex Worker HIV Plan, outlining a peer-led approach to providing HIV services that had been tailored to meet the specific needs of sex workers.31
  • In 2016, the team beat Fiji at the Singapore Sevens finals, making Kenya the second African nation after South Africa to win a World Series championship.[227][228][229] Kenya was once also a regional powerhouse in football.
  • In 2017 a new civil society forum was created to provide a platform for civil society and government to work together in the HIV response.
  • In 2017 and 2018, a series of cease-fires were negotiated and subsequently violated between the two sides and other factions.
  • In 2017 ICC Champions Trophy pool game against India, the kit changed to the mostly yellow colored shirt with stripes of blue and usual blue trousers.
  • In 2017 there were 193,000 new cases of TB among people living with HIV and 56,000 people living with HIV died due to a TB-related illness.121
  • In 2017, 26% of women were estimated to be living with HIV, compared to around 15% of men.9
  • in 2017, mink were produced on more than 200 farms across Canada.
  • In 2017, production was: HFR in the Netherlands (40%), BR-2 in Belgium (20%), Maria in Poland (5%), Safari-1 in South Africa (15%), Opal in Australia (15% increasing to 24% from mid-2018) and LWR-15 in the Czech Republic (5%).
  • In 2017, South Africa reached the first of the 90-90-90 targets, with 90% of people living with HIV aware of their status, up from 85% in 2015.57
  • In 2017, the South Africa Reserve Bank implemented a “sandbox approach,” testing draft bitcoin and cryptocurrency regulation with a selected handful of startups.
  • In 2017, the South African government promulgated an amended preferential procurement regulations, which included specifically legislative requirements for the development of specific designated groups, within the black economic empowerment/historically disadvantaged groups.
  • In 2017, the South African government released a national LGBT HIV strategy for the first time, recognising that these groups have specific needs that have been overlooked in the past.39 Among the recommendations made in this strategy are increasing the availability of lubricants for men who have sex with men and providing them with (PrEP) to protect them from infection.40
  • In 2018 a surfacing argument is that BBBEE should be changed from a race-based policy to a policy that favours poverty regardless of skin colour.
  • In 2018 more than 572,000 circumcisions were performed, compared to 485,500 in 2015.91 Across the country the VMMC programme has mostly been well received with 78% of women preferring their partner to be circumcised, according to the 2011 youth sex survey.92
  • In 2018, 90% of people living with HIV were aware of their status, of which 68% were on treatment.
  • In 2018, a widely respected anticorruption commission began hearing testimony about high-level corruption allegations.
  • In 2018, an estimated 260,000 children (aged 0 to 14) were living with HIV in South Africa, 63% of whom were on treatment.50
  • In 2018, the company invested 27,000 square meters of factory area in Longyou County, Quzhou City, and established Zhejiang Guanghe New Material Co.
  • In 2018, the government released a draft of the National Climate Change Response White Paper which sets out the different ways in which climate change considerations can be integrated within all sectors, including health.
  • In 2018, UNAIDS reported that 4.8 million people were receiving treatment in South Africa.
  • In 2019 a male Belgian Malinois Conan was used during the Barisha raid to chase Abu Bakr al Baghdadi.
  • In 2019, it was estimated that between 23,000 and 24,000 people were using PrEP in ongoing and planned projects across South Africa.93 The 2017-2022 National Strategic Plan aims to expand this to begin 85,858 people from groups most affected by HIV on PrEP by 2022.94
  • In 2019, numerous trainings were conducted throughout the country, including the training of border police officers, and other stakeholders involved in assisting human trafficking victims, on the South African border.
  • In 2019, South Africa GDP was an estimated $358.8 billion (current market exchange rates); real GDP was up by an estimated 0.2%; and the population was 59 million.
  • In 2019, the team went to South Africa in order to carry out high-speed testing of the land speed record car using its jet engine, and reached speeds of 628mph, corroborating the predictions made by computer modelling prior to the test — and in doing so, proving that the car has record-breaking capability.
  • In 2019, they lost all their group games scoring only a single goal.
  • In 2020, despite years of poor performance, the government pledged to continue subsidizing the state-owned Eskom electricity utility for a total amount of nearly 5 percent of GDP over the next 10 years.
  • In 2020, Finance Minister Moeketsi Majoro replaced Prime Minister Thomas Thabane, who resigned after being implicated in the murder of his ex-wife.
  • In 2020, it saw a drop in the ranking from 24th in 2019 to 28th in 2020 in the Global MBA ranking of Financial Times.
  • In 2020, temporary measures to relieve bank capital requirements were taken to support banking-sector liquidity.
  • In 2020, the majority of luxury eyewear sales in Canada remained via non-grocery specialists such as independent or mass optical retailers, specialist retailers such as Sunglass Hut, and luxury department stores such as Nordstrom and Saks Fifth Avenue, despite their temporary closure during the lockdown period.
  • In the 1600s a Jan van Riebeeck brought with him a large dog ‘bullenbijter’ to the Cape.
  • In the 1800s they were the result of a cross between toy bulldogs imported from … Your email address will not be published.
  • In the 1800s, a number of dog breeds were brought to South Africa to help guard the military posts found scattered throughout the territory.
  • In the 1880s, British diamond magnate Cecil Rhodes’ British South Africa Company (BSAC) started to make inroads into the region.
  • In the 1880s, the British South Africa Company began its activities in the region, leading to the colonial era in Southern Rhodesia.
  • In the 1920s a diamond mining compnay called De Beers brought in Bullmastiffs to South Africa to guard their mines.
  • In the 1930’s, Bullmastiffs were brought to South Africa by the De
    Beers diamond company to help guard their mines.
  • In the 1950s and early 60s there were various protests against the National party’s policies, involving passive resistance and the burning of passbooks; in 1960 a peaceful protest against the pass laws organized by the Pan-Africanist Congress (an offshoot of the ANC) at Sharpeville (near Johannesburg) ended when police opened fire, massacring 70 protesters and wounding about 190 others.
  • In the 1950s, apartheid policies championed by the Nationalist party in South Africa were introduced in Namibia.
  • In the 1950s, South Africa became the leading producer from rare earth bearing monazite deposits.
  • In the 1950s, South
    Africa became the leading producer from rare earth bearing monazite deposits.
  • In the 1960s most leaders (including ANC leader Nelson Mandela) of the opposition to apartheid were either in jail or were living in exile, and the government proceeded with its plans to segregate blacks on a more permanent basis.
  • In the 1960s there were international attempts to wrest South West Africa from South Africa’s control, but South Africa tenaciously maintained its hold on the territory.
  • In the 1960s, bullets and bombs began to fly between SWAPO’s armed wing and the SADF.
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, and particularly after the 1976 Soweto Youth uprising, the small kingdom – along with Botswana and Swaziland – became a safe haven for political opponents, some of them later joining the African National Congress (ANC) leadership in exile, in Tanzania or Zambia.
  • In the 1970s and 80s the MPLA government received large amounts of aid from Cuba and the Soviet Union, while the United States supported first the FNLA and then UNITA.
  • in the 1970s and later, Canada, South Africa and South America.
  • In the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices, one party democracy under Kenneth Kaunda and a prolonged drought hurt the economy.
  • In the 1970s, the Campbell family reportedly had various business interests, as well as large landholdings in Salisbury and the Chikomba area of the Mashonaland East Province.[68] With the exception of the Pomona Stone Quarry, virtually all of their assets were seized[69] on Alpes Road in Southern Harare, together with their holding company listing.[70] Some family members have reportedly moved to the United Kingdom or South Africa.
  • In the 1980’s, a serious search started again for the original farm dog commonly known as the Boerboel, and the first Breed Society in South Africa formed to recognize the Boerboel as a breed.
  • In the 1980s, aware of the predicament faced by the breed, enthusiasts revived and preserved the Boerboel.
  • In the 1980s, however, a group of breed enthusiasts sought to begin breeding pure Boerboels again.
  • In the 1980s, South Africa constructed six gun-type nuclear weapons and had started building a seventh.
  • In the 1980s, South African dog lovers set out to establish a standard for the breed.
  • In the 1980s, South African musician Miriam Makeba relocated to Abidjan when she was not allowed back into the country, as did the Congolese singer Tshala Muana.
  • In the 1990s, activists transposed this phenomenon onto Myanmar policy.
  • On 1 March 1994, the coastal enclave of Walvis Bay and 12 offshore islands were transferred to Namibia by South Africa.
  • On 3 February 2003, the African Union authorized an African Mission in Burundi (AMIB), which fielded troops from South Africa, Ethiopia, and Mozambique to safeguard cantonment areas and to provide technical assistance to the disarmament and demobilization process.
  • On 4 February 2021, many of the developed countries and industrialised nations including the US, Britain, the European Union, Brazil, Japan and others rejected further moratoriums on the intellectual property on vaccines. 
  • On 4 October 1992, the Rome General Peace Accords, negotiated by the Community of Sant’Egidio with the support of the United Nations, were signed in Rome between President Chissano and RENAMO leader Afonso Dhlakama, which formally took effect on the October 15, 1992.
  • On 5 March 2020, the South African government reported its first case.
  • On 5 November 2016, Elgar scored 127 during the first Test against Australia at Perth.[7] The partnership of 250 by himself and JP Duminy in the match was recorded as South Africa’s highest partnership in Perth, the third highest overall in Perth, and their second highest against Australia.[8][9]
  • On 6 January 2021, during the second Test in South African series, Karunaratne scored his 10th test century in a stiff situation.
  • On 6 July 2018, FAZ announced the appointment of Sven Vandenbroeck as their new coach.
  • On 7 June, they lost a home friendly 2–1 to Mauritius.
  • On 9 March, 2021 Swedish Prime Minister, Löfven, and Spanish Prime Minister, Sanchez, hosted a meeting with the Heads of State and Governments of Costa Rica, Ethiopia, New Zealand, South Africa, representative from Bangladesh, Canada, Jordan, South Korea and Tunisia together with United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres.