Border Terrier

Overview of Border Terriers

  • Border Terriers were originally shown in the 1870s and 1880s at the Bellinham show.  The dog was originally registered with the British Kennel Club in 1913.  It has been reported that 41 Border registrations were made between 1912 and 1919 and the breed gained official recognition in 1920.  The Border Terrier Club was also formed at this time and there were 121 members in the club.
  • The Border Terrier is generally a healthy breed, and and a responsible breeder will screen breeding stock for health conditions which include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, juvenile cataracts, seizures, heart problems, and allergies. a few Borders seem less tolerant of hot weather, so outdoor exercise should be kept to a minimum when the temperature gets above 85 degrees F.
  • The Border Terrier is believed to be related to Bedlington Terriers and Dandie Dinmont Terriers, which were from the same area. The breed was developed by farmers and shepherds from the border of England and Scotland to help reduce the fox population, capable predators who were hunting the farm animals.
  • Border Terriers became registered with the American Kennel Club in 1930. Border Terriers have appeared in several films and television series (There’s a fewthing About Mary, Anchorman, Return to Oz, It’s Always Sunny in Philadelphia).
  • The Border Terrier is quite easy to train and with regular and steady obedience training will result in a well-rounded dog.  Border Terriers enjoy family life and are energetic companions for young children.
  • Border Terriers are a fewtimes bought without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue groups, in need of adoption or fostering.
  • Border Terriers comprised 2841 (1.08%) of the overall 264,260 study dogs but showed a decreasing trend from over 1.4% of all puppies born in 2005 to less than 0.8% of puppies born in 2014.
  • Border terrier, Norfolk terrier, Norwich terrier, Parson/Jack Russell terrier, Welsh terrier, Glen of Imaal terrier, Dandie Dinmont terrier, Lakeland terrier, and wirehaired dachshund.
  • Border Terrier temperament, personality, training, behavior, pros and cons, advice, and information, by Michele Welton, Dog Trainer, Behavioral Consultant, Author of 15 Dog Books
  • A Border Terrier is curious and loves to check out hedges, undergrowth – or even the garden pond, since their past as former otter hunters makes them highly skilled in water.
  • Allergies

     The Border Terrier does not require frequent bathing.Border Terriers, if left alone for extended periods of time with little exercise, can become barkers.If left unsupervised in a yard, their instinct to dig can kick in.It is important to have a safe backyard because they can be escape artists.The Border Terrier does not require frequent bathing.The Border Terrier is a high energy dog that needs daily exercise and when provided with that, the breed can be happy living in an apartment or a house.The Border Terrier sheds little to none, so they make good pets for people with allergies.The Border Terrier’s coat needs weekly brushing.The outer coat will require hand-stripping a few times year to remove dead hair.There are fun hide and seek toys which can help the Border Terrier to not become bored.There are fun hide and seek toys which can help the Border Terrier to not become bored. Border Terriers, if left alone for extended periods of time with little exercise, can become barkers.They enjoy challenges in the form of both physical and mental activities.When you do bathe a Border Terrier it is recommended that you use a shampoo designed for a Terrier’s coat.When you do bathe a Border Terrier it is recommended that you use a shampoo designed for a Terrier’s coat. The Border Terrier is a high energy dog that needs daily exercise and when provided with that, the breed can be happy living in an apartment or a house.


    Defenseless animals like guinea pigs should be well protected from the Border Terrier.It may take several years for the dog to mature into the balanced, easy-going, well-behaved pets that they usually are as adults.The Border Terrier might be able to be trained to tolerate the pet cat, but they must be closely supervised.The Border Terrier puppy will likely demonstrate many normal, but often undesirable behaviours, such as chewing, barking, and digging.Training should begin early to ensure the pup learns what behaviours are appropriate.


    breeders will take the puppy back if you have a change of circumstances
    and can no longer look after the puppy correctly, but when you embark
    on the idea of purchasing any dog, you should be aware that it is a
    long term commitment for the lifetime of the dog, which in the case of
    Border Terriers can be upwards of 15 years. 


    Even those “varieties” are not so much variations as various lengths of hair on the dogs.Once mature, most Border Terriers are wiry haired, and this is the preferred texture due to the work these dogs are bred to do.Some breeders will hand-strip their Terriers so that the smooth undercoat is viewable at dog shows, but the rough outer coat will grow back in time.There are obviously long-haired Border Terriers, and those that are short-haired, and many lengths between All Border Terriers are born with smooth coats and they stay that way until a year or so.There are smooth-haired ones too, and that happens when the fur fails to fully develop.While there is a great variety in the types of Border Terriers, it is primarily in the length of coat.


    Eye Problems

    With a life span of 12 to 15 years the Border Terrier is a fairly healthy breed but there are some issues it can be prone to such as epilepsy, hip dysplasia, Perthes, heart problems, eye problems, CECS, Malocclusions, Patellar luxation, Cryptorchidism and hypothyroidism.

    Genetic Predispositions

    At the end of the booklet, we have also included a description of what you can do at home to keep your Border looking and feeling her best.This guide contains general health information important to all canines as well as the most important genetic predispositions for Border Terriers.This information helps you and us together plan for your pet’s unique medical needs.You will know what to watch for, and we will all feel better knowing that we’re taking the best possible care of your pal.


    Border Terriers have a wiry outer coat and a thick undercoat, so it is necessary to keep a consistent grooming routine and brush your pup at least once a week.It is recommended to strip your pup’s coat at least twice a year to allow it to remain healthy.This breed is also known for their shedding.


    If you are thinking of buying a Border Terrier puppy, make sure the parents of your puppy have had the relevant health screening to reduce the chances of your puppy being affected by certain conditions.We’d recommend looking for a Kennel Club Assured Breeder as they meet extra requirements which will benefit your puppy’s health.

    Heart Disease

    Heart disease is a usual problem in the Border terrier.Therefore, it is necessary to take your dog to regular cardiac exams, to detect any issue and bring immediate treatment, because they can be potentially fatal, and overall, they diminish the quality of life of your dog.These are the most common hearth defects:


    Border Terriers are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections — the same ones that all dogs can get — such as parvo, rabies, and distemper.Many of these infections are preventable through vaccination, which we will recommend based on the diseases we see in our area, her age, and other factors.

    Life expectancy

    The Border Terrier ‘s life expectancy is between 12 and 15 years.The Border Terrier ‘s life expectancy is between 12 and 15 years.


    Instead, give her a hug, brush her fur or teeth, play a game with her, or perhaps take her for a walk.It is a serious disease that may cause or worsen joint problems, metabolic and digestive disorders, back pain and heart disease.Obesity can be a significant health problem in Border Terriers.She’ll feel better, and so will you!Though it’s tempting to give your pal food when she looks at you with those soulful eyes, you can “love her to death” with leftover people food and doggie treats.


    Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility.He’s intelligent, loyal, fearless, loving, and determined, and about as aggravating as any dog can be.The Border Terrier is a small dog with an alert gaze, a powerful drive to hunt and dig, the typical high terrier energy level, and a good-natured personality.Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don’t like, such as barking, chewing, and digging.


    Just like with all breeds, it’s important to socialise a Border Terrier from a young age so to give them the best start in life and to help them grow to be confident and outgoing dogs.


    Due to its temperament and quick learning skills, the Border terrier has made a name for itself in Hollywood, appearing in more than two dozen films and TV shows, including “102 Dalmatians,” “There’s Something About Mary,” “Lassie,” and ”Return to Oz.”


    “Border terriers are incredibly smart, and if you don’t keep them busy they will run rings around you.”“They are the kind of dog who says, ‘What's in it for me?’ They’ll easily learn to sit, stay, and do tricks, but they want to know where the cookie is at the end of it,” she says.“This isn’t a dog you can just keep in your backyard and hope they are a good dog,” Ott says.But even with all the treats in the world, owners will still need to put in the work to get them to do what you want them to.Ott says that border terriers are considered to be one of the most trainable of the terrier group, and are heavily food motivated—which can make training simple.

    Are They Noisy Dogs?

    This terrier breed are often inclined to bark and whine.They are vocal dogs, who have been bred to make noise when they find a prey animal underground.

    Are Border Terriers excessive barkers?

    They are not excessive barkers, but they will bark to alert you from something unusual.It is in their nature because they were bred to be foxes and vermin hunters.However, they can become nuisance barkers if you do not provide them with enough exercise and activity on a daily basis.

    When do the signs first appear?

    Border Terriers usually start showing signs of PGSD while young, often experiencing their first episode by two years of age.In some dogs the episodes can be triggered by excitement, a sudden burst of energy or something that startles them, but others appear have episodes without any apparent trigger.

    Is this dog breed prone to many health problems?

    They are a healthy breed generally, but they have a predisposition to suffering heart problems, hip defects, and minor health issues.However, if you buy your puppy from a top bloodline from a reputable breeder, the chances of developing such issues will be minimal, especially since your dog will be free from genetic defects.

    Conclusion: Why the Border Terrier?

    The intelligent Border Terrier temperament can make him both a joy and a pain to own.While he may be easy to train because he’s so smart, he can also be difficult to train because of his ability to go off and do his own thing.It all depends on the day.

    Are Border Terriers good companion dogs?

    It is an
    excellent companion dog thanks to its
    friendly and affectionate nature, and in addition, they are not aggressive.Furthermore, they get along well with other dogs in the same house, and in
    consequence, they are ideal for living with other pets and large families.

    What Are Borders Like to Groom?

    Borders are fairly rugged and therefore their coat doesn’t need a lot of special attention.

    What can mimic PGSD?

    When managing Border Terriers presenting with paroxysmal episodes it is important to characterize what the episodes most likely represent.PGSD is most commonly mistaken for epileptic seizures by veterinarians and owners alike.However, certain features can be assessed that allow a correct diagnosis of paroxysmal dyskinesia to be achieved 1, as shown in Table 1.

    How do I diagnose PGSD?

    Videos remain an integral way for the clinician to make a diagnosis.The consulting room is rarely the correct environment to diagnose dogs with such obviously intermittent episodes, as they are inevitably normal by the time they present to the veterinary practice.Therefore it is always advisable to request that the owner captures an episode on video to allow the clinician to scrutinize the recording for signs compatible with paroxysmal dyskinesia.One study noted that many dogs diagnosed with paroxysmal dyskinesia have undergone thorough neurological testing and in each case all results were found to be normal 11.However, standard neurological tests are important to ensure other conditions are not present that may cause life-threatening problems.

    Are They Hypoallergenic?

    Some sites claim that Border Terriers are hypoallergenic, and there may be some truth to this.But the reality is that no dog is ever 100% hypoallergenic, it’s just that some dogs are more suitable than others for people who suffer from dog related allergies.

    What causes PGSD?

    Since the early reports of PGSD, owners and breeders have become aware that affected Border Terriers responded to specific diets.A recent study involving an owner-based questionnaire identified that around 50% of respondents had Border Terriers that improved when fed a hypoallergenic or gluten-free diet 6.Careful analysis of some of these diets suggested that all responder dogs had in fact been on a gluten-free diet.

    Are Border Terriers Good With Kids?

    Border Terriers are generally good with children but as with all breeds, interaction with very young children should be supervised.

    How much is the average price of a Border Terrier Puppy?

    The average price for a Border terrier puppy oscillates can be as low as $750 USD or as high as $5,000 USD.However, the current average price is $1,050 USD.The price will depend on what you are looking for because there are different factors that can increase or decrease the price: documentation, bloodline, the reputation of the breeder and health of the puppy.

    How can I monitor PGSD?

    It is recommended that once a positive test for gluten anti-bodies has been obtained and a gluten-free diet is initiated, antibody concentrations should be checked every three months to ensure the values are returning to a normal level.It is also important for the owner to keep a diary of episodes to ensure they are reducing in frequency once the diet has been commenced.If the antibody concentrations are not decreasing and the dog continues to have episodes then it is very important to ensure dietary compliance and check that the dog has not been scavenging or inadvertently receiving other foods.

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    What does dyskinesia look like?

    During an episode of dyskinesia a dog will remain fully alert.This is a key factor to consider, because any loss of consciousness or awareness during an episode would rule out this condition as a differential diagnosis.Affected dogs will exhibit involuntary movements of one or more limbs during the event.These abnormal movements can sometimes be brief and fairly mild, with the dog showing just a little bit of unsteadiness or incoordination of a single limb.However other dogs may have very severe episodes, resulting in collapse and involving the entire body – despite being fully aware – and these can be very distressing to both the dog and the owner.During these extreme episodes very severe muscle contractions may occur.While some mild episodes may be fairly short, the severe episodes can last well over an hour.Once an episode is over, recovery is immediate – a dog will get to its feet and almost instantly revert back to normal, in contrast to a prolonged epileptic seizure in which a period of disorientation is usually observed following the abnormal activity.There is no “aura” before a dyskinesia episode or post-ictal signs following an episode.Dogs are completely normal between episodes and show no problems at all until the next episode occurs.Frequency, severity, and episode length can vary dramatically between dogs but also within individuals.Importantly, paroxysmal dyskinesia is not thought to be life-threatening or to influence life expectancy, with affected dogs often living long, full lives.A video of a typical example of PGSD can be found on line*.

    What is it?

    The term “dyskinesia” is a Greek word literally meaning “bad movement” with the term “paroxysmal” used to depict the intermittent nature of the problem.Paroxysmal dyskinesias or movement disorders are a group of conditions characterized by episodes of abnormal movement in dogs and cats; these events are self-limiting, and there are long periods of normality between the episodes.

    they child friendly?

    Yes, Border Terriers are child-friendly as they love kids and can match their energy levels all day long but are rambunctious with children under the age of 6 years.

    How do I treat PGSD?

    It is important to emphasize that PGSD (and indeed any form of paroxysmal dyskinesia) is not life-threatening (Figure 5).Although episodes may be very disturbing to observe, there are no reports of any deaths related to a dyskinesia episode.However, such episodes clearly impinge on a dog’s quality of life and so any treatment that can be offered is worth pursuing.

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    kind of Temeprament do Border Terriers have?

    Border Terriers are pretty good tempered , affectionate, obedient, and easy to train.They are highly intelligent and quickly learn the cues that signal you are going outside for a walk, when it is meal time and what you  like and don’t like.

    What is the prognosis for PGSD?

    As mentioned above, a dog with paroxysmal dyskinesia or PGSD is a happy dog other than when episodes are seen.Life expectancy is not reduced and therefore the institution of a gluten-free diet – after a diagnosis has been made through serological testing – should result in a good long-term remission from this condition.

    it feels to live with Border Terriers?

    temperament and personality of Border Terriers make them good family dogs.They
    are family
    dogs and should live indoors with their people not tied out in the backyard.Just make sure the fence is high and secure because these dogs are expert
    escape artists.

    What happens in PGSD?

    As is the case with most paroxysmal dyskinesias, PGSD is believed to result from a dysfunction in the area of the brain known as the basal ganglia.However, much has yet to be learned about how and why paroxysmal dyskinesias occur, and PGSD is no exception.

    History of Border Terriers

  • In 1920, formal recognition was finally attained.
  • In 1920, the Border Terrier breed was first recognized by The Kennel Club in the United Kingdom, and is classified by all kennel clubs in the Terrier class.
  • In 1920, the Kennel Club officially recognised the breed.
  • In 1920, the Kennel Club officially recognized the Border Terrier breed in the UK.
  • In 1920, the Kennel Club officially recognized the Border Terrier breed in the UK.The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club just ten years later.
  • In 1930 the first Border Terrier was registered in the US and was recognized by the AKC.
  • In 2006, the Border Terrier ranked 81st in number of registrations by the AKC, while it ranked tenth in the United Kingdom.In 2008, the Border Terrier ranked eighth in number of registrations by the UK Kennel Club.
  • In 2006, the Border Terrier ranked 81st in number of registrations by the AKC,[2] while it ranked tenth in the United Kingdom.[3]
  • In 2006, the Border Terrier ranked 81st in number of registrations by the AKC,[2] while it ranked 10th in the United Kingdom.[3]
  • In 2006, the Border Terrier ranked 81st in number of registrations by the AKC,[2] while it ranked tenth in the United Kingdom.[3]
  • In 2008, the Border Terrier ranked 8th in number of registrations by the UK Kennel Club.
  • In 2008, the Border Terrier ranked eighth in number of registrations by the UK Kennel Club.
  • In the 1800’s the breed became known by the name Border Terrier because of their association with the Border Hunt in Northumberland.
  • In the 1920s, the Border Terrier was recognised by the Kennel Club and are found across the UK, and in other parts of the world.