Overview of Pugs

  • Pugs and beagles were first deliberately crossed and marketed as companion dogs in the US in the 1980s, although designer dog breeders began breeding them in large numbers from the 1990s when the portmanteau “puggle” was first used to market the cross.[2][4][5] The puggle has subsequently become one of the most popular designer dog crossbreeds in the United States, where it has attracted a number of celebrity owners, in 2005 it was named in the US media as the ‘Hottest dog of 2005’ whilst in 2006 puggle sales accounted for more than 50% of all crossbreed dog sales in that country.[2][4][5]
  • Pugs can suffer from necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME), also known as Pug dog encephalitis (PDE), an inflammation of the brain and meninges.[40] NME also occurs in other small dogs, which include the Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese, and Chihuahua.[40] There is no known cure for NME, which is believed to be an inherited disease.[41] Dogs usually die or have to be put to sleep within a number of months of onset, which, in those susceptible to this condition, is mostly between six months and three years of age.[42]
  • Pugs were brought from China to Europe in the sixteenth century and were popularized in Western Europe by the House of Orange of the Netherlands, and the House of Stuart.[2] In the United Kingdom, in the nineteenth century, Queen Victoria developed a passion for pugs which she passed on to other members of the Royal family.
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  • Pugs are generally willing little chaps who enjoy learning and respond very well to positive training methods, especially if plenty of treats are on offer.  Although there’s no height specified in the AKC’s breed standard, the pug grows to around 25 to 30 inches tall at the shoulder, weighing in at between 14 to 18 pounds.
  • Pug, pomeranian boo, labrador retriever, rottweiler, kangal, sibirya kurdu, cane corso, beagle, bulldogi ve maltese cinsleri The Canadian Kennel Club is a national, member-based non-profit organization, incorporated under the Animal Pedigree Act of Canada.
  • Pugs Fuel Oil Service is a local family-owned and operated business that has served the Commercial and Residential customers of Baltimore County, Baltimore City, Anne Arundel County and Harford County with integrity and superior service for fifty years.
  • Pug Nation volunteers provide care and compassion to our pugs, assist staff, introduce adoptable dogs to the public, help at community adoption events, and contribute in many other meaningful ways to support every aspect of our organization.
  • Pugs … Spitz (derived from the German word “spitz”, meaning “pointed”) is a type of domestic dog characterized by long, thick, and often white fur, and pointed ears and muzzles.The tail often curls over the dog’s back or droops.
  • Pug                                                                                                  
  • Allergies

    (Pugs suffer from poor ventilation.) Prone to skin problems.Dams usually have to have cesarean sections due to the size of the pups’ heads.Do not overfeed a Pug, as they will eat more than is good for them, quickly becoming obese and living much shorter lives.Eyes are prone to weeping and cherry eye.Prone to mast cell tumors.Prone to Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE), an inflammation of the brain that strikes adolescent Pugs usually between the ages of 2 and 3.Pugs catch colds easily and are stressed by hot and cold weather.The cause is unknown.There is a chance of Keratitis (inflammation of the cornea) and ulcers on the cornea.They are not the easiest whelpers.They are prone to allergies and the short muzzle contributes to chronic breathing problems, making the Pug tend to wheeze and snore.


    Afterward, the Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange.Click was bred many times, and now these three pugs are credited for the creation of the modern day Pug.Most notably, two Pugs named Lamb and Moss, who were bred to make Click.There’s even a story that a Pug saved the life of the Prince of Orange by barking at Spaniards that were approaching the castle.They brought many of these Pugs home with them.When the British overran the Chinese Empire, they found purer Chinese Pugs that were an all around better version of the European Pug.


    Other Pug health issues can also be in the form of swelling or bloat.Some male Pugs are prone to intussusception, which causes the dogs large or small intestine to slide into itself.


    “The exact origin of our breed is actually lost in antiquity,” Kolesar Stoltz said.“What we do know is that the Pug is of Chinese origin … he was known in the Orient as early as 700 BC … the breed was developed as one of three short faced dogs bred in China for the Imperial court … it’s believed that the Pug found his way to the western world via Dutch merchant traders … because when people from the Western world, at that time, would go to China and conquer, they would bring back presents for their Royals.And we still remain dignified loving and trusting of everybody.”In fact, Pug dogs were twice the most popular breed in Europe, in the late 1600s and during the Victorian era… the wonderful thing about Pugs being so popular in the Victorian era is we can visually follow our breed through history because it was very often the favorite subject depicted in many forms of art — early paintings, sculptures, porcelains, so we can follow his history … the breed has a wonderful temperament.Pugs were one of the presents that they brought back and they became the favored of monarchs throughout Europe.There is no doubt that the Royal patronage helped to establish the popularity of the breed.They make ideal companions.We are the largest of the toy breeds and we are one of the most mischievous, also the most fun.We were admitted to the American Kennel Club in 1885.


    All suspicious lumps should be tested and any questionable lump should be surgically removed as soon as possible.Many cancers are cured by surgically removing them, so early detection and removal is critical.Mast cell tumors are a particularly nasty type of skin cancer found more often in Pugs, and the sooner they are surgically removed the better.Trouble is, they often look just like other kinds of skin lumps and lesions, some of which are harmful, and others not.


    While the pugs that are depicted in eighteenth century prints tend to be long and lean,[2] modern breed preferences are for a square cobby body, a compact form, a deep chest, and well-developed muscle.[4] Their smooth and glossy coats can be fawn, apricot fawn, silver fawn, or black.[4][6] The markings are clearly defined and there is a trace of a black line extending from the occiput to the tail.[4] The tail normally curls tightly over the hip.[2]


    Like any other breed of dog, pugs can be trained to use the bathroom only while outside—but it takes more time and energy to train them to do so than other breeds of dog.

    Eye Problems

    Eye problems can still be a problem as both the Pug and the Cavalier have protruding eyes.

    Genetic Predispositions

    At the end of the article, we have also included a description of what you can do at home to keep your Pug looking and feeling her best.This guide contains general health information important to all canines as well as the most important genetic predispositions for Pugs.This information helps you and us together plan for your pet’s unique medical needs.You will know what to watch for, and we will all feel better knowing that we’re taking the best possible care of your pal.


    Nasal and labial folds can be cleaned easily with a pet-safe wipe like Earthbath Hypo-Allergenic Grooming Wipes.The main concern with Pug grooming is making sure the skin folds are clean and dry, and monitoring the skin and haircoat for signs of hair loss, redness or itching, which can be signs of infection.


    Anyone wanting to buy a pug puppy or who is thinking about breeding a pug, should seek to do so from dogs that exhibit as few of these issues as possible  – and in the case of genetic testing should be cleared by a Canine Genetic Health Certificate© from Paw Print Genetics.

    Heart Disease

    Mitral valve disease is more common in smaller dogs, like Pugs, so it’s helpful for pet parents to know the signs of this heart disease.Mitral valve problems can manifest as coughing and loss of energy.There are many treatment options your veterinarian can offer to manage this condition.


    Many of these infections are preventable through vaccination, which we will recommend based on the diseases we see in our area, her age, and other factors.Pugs are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections — the same ones that all dogs can get — such as parvo, rabies, and distemper.

    Life expectancy

    Both parent breeds for the Puggle are small-breed dogs so they have fairly long lifespans compared to larger breeds.Given this information, you can expect your Puggle to live somewhere between 12 and 14 years.In order to determine your Puggle’s life expectancy, you need to consider the lifespan of these two parent breeds.The average lifespan for the Pug is 12 to 14 years while the average for the Beagle is 13 to 16 years.The Puggle is a cross between two pure breeds, the Pug and the Beagle.


    Pugs that live a mostly sedentary life can be prone to obesity, though this is avoidable with regular exercise and a healthy diet.[26] The median life span of Pugs is 11 years, which is in line with other breeds of the same size.[27]


    Depending on their owner’s mood, they can be quiet and docile but also vivacious and teasing.[8] Pugs tend to be intuitive and sensitive to the moods of their owners and are usually eager to please them.[3] Pugs are playful and thrive on human companionship.Pugs are often called “shadows” because they follow their owners around and like to stay close to the action,[9] craving attention and affection from their owners.[10][11]
    The majority of the breed is very fond of children and sturdy enough to properly play with them.They also tend to have a snoozy nature and spend a lot of time napping.This breed is often described by the Latin phrase multum in parvo, or “much in little” or “a lot of dog in a small space”, alluding to the Pug’s remarkable and charming personality, despite its small size.[1] Pugs are strong willed but rarely aggressive, and are suitable for families with children.


    You’ll find your Pugalier easy to train as he is intelligent and then he becomes a splendid pet with training and socialization, being obedient and well mannered wherever he is.

    Spay or Neuter

    Don’t ever buy a pug from a backyard breeder or pet store.Due to the head shape and body size of pugs, they’re notoriously tough to breed and professional breeders often have to resort to cesarean operations and stillbirths are common.It has to be said, but goes without saying–SPAY or NEUTER your pug.Pugs that are left in-tact face many health issues as well as behavioral issues.Stop the cycle by spaying or neutering your pet.We always recommend adopting and there a many great pug rescues to help you find your perfect pug.


    If you are able to find a breeder who understands that a Puggle is a mixed breed, however, the cost will probably be much lower.Some Puggle breeders market their puppies as “premium” or “designer dogs” and they price them accordingly, sometimes pricing them much higher than purebred puppies of either parent breed.When you start shopping around for a Puggle puppy you will probably find a wide range of prices for puppies.You should avoid buying a Puggle puppy from a breeder who makes specific claims in regard to the puppy’s size, appearance, or temperament because these things are nearly impossible to predict with a mixed-breed dog.


    We typically recommend basic obedience with all dogs, including rescues – and ongoing obedience training with their owners at home is always the best method to continue their learning and reinforce positive behaviors.  If you plan to train with a harness, you’ll want to get one that’s made for smaller dogs.  You can check out our favorite harnesses for pugs right here.

    After I attend the new volunteer orientation, can I drop in at the facility anytime I want to volunteer?

    Volunteers must sign up in advance on our online portal when they want to volunteer at the facility.We welcome a limited number of volunteers daily between 12pm and 4pm.Unless otherwise requested, we do not allow volunteers at the facility before 12pm or after 4pm.

    Are Pugs Easy to Train?

    Most Pug owners agree that Pugs are easy to train as long as you are consistent and firm with them.Pugs are highly motivated by treats and praise, so make sure to reward them when they are doing well.On the other hand, they don’t handle punishment very well.Instead of yelling at them, correct their mistake.For example, if your Pug is not allowed to sit on the couch and he jumps up, pick him up and move him onto his own dog bed.

    Are Pugs Good With Kids?

    Pugs and kids make a great combination.A Pug’s silly antics and tricks can make any kid smile.Pugs love playing with children, and unlike many toy breeds, they aren’t delicate, so your kid won’t insure them during playtime.However, it is still good to supervise their interactions.At the end of the day, Pugs are happy just to lay down and keep the child company.

    Are you a Veterinarian?

    Access our library of professional veterinarian resources.

    At least 2 cats test positive for coronavirus: What does it mean for your pets?

    While Winston may be the first dog in the U.S.known to have tested positive for the virus, a 17-year-old dog in Hong Kong with the coronavirus died last month, although the cause of death was unclear, as the owner refused an autopsy.

    Besides volunteering at the Gardena facility, are there other opportunities for which I can volunteer?

    Yes! We host regular adoption fairs at Tailwaggers in West Hollywood and also participate in many other community events throughout the year (see calendar for upcoming dates) where we especially need volunteer help.

    Can I bring a friend or family member with me when I volunteer at the facility?

    All volunteers must be signed up to be at the facility.Your friend or family member must also be a registered volunteer (submitted an application and attended orientation) and have signed up to be there as well.Please do not bring any guests with you.

    Can I fill out a paper application form?

    To ensure efficiency, we do not offer or process paper applications.We require all volunteer applications to be submitted electronically via our website.

    Did You Know?

    Pugs are known for their snoring.

    Do I need to download an app or pay a fee to use the online volunteer signup page once I’ve attended the new volunteer orientation?

    No.Using the desktop or mobile signup website is free.You do not need to download the pay-to-use mobile app.

    Do I need to have prior experience to volunteer at Pug Nation?

    You do not need to have any formal experience with another animal rescue or even have had a pug of your own, but we do make the assumption that you are comfortable being around dogs and have a general understanding of the pug breed.

    Do Retro Pugs Make Good Family Pets?

    The retro Pug will need a family who can spend a lot of time with him, and caring for him.Especially if he inherits the flat face of his Pug parent.

    Do you have an age requirement for volunteers?

    Yes.Due to the nature of the work and safety of our pugs, all volunteers must be at least 16 years old and able to work independently.

    How will I find out about volunteer needs or activities?

    We post all volunteer needs for the current month on our online signup page.We ask volunteers to regularly check the online volunteer portal and self-schedule into an open volunteer shift.

    Is the Pug Breed Popular?

    Pugs are a fairly popular pet.The American Kennel Club ranked them the 32nd most popular breed in the U.S.

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    What about a Pug?

    Pugs have been called the clowns of the dog world and were bred for one purpose, to be companion animals to humans.  A Pug loves a good meal, a soft lap, and a soft pillow.  They adore their owners and will often follow them from room to room.  While they play with other Pugs, their true allegiance is to their human companions.  They snort, snore, sneeze, and make lovely Pug sounds so you always know they are near.

    What Does a Pug Look Like?

    The first thing you notice about the Pug dog breed is their pushed-in face and Pug nose.Pugs are brachycephalic, which essentially means flat-faced, like Pekingese and Bulldogs.They have large, round heads and dark, prominent eyes.Their small ears are folded over and feel as soft as velvet.

    What is Pug Dog Encephalitis?

    Pug dog encephalitis is the colloquial name for Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis (NME), a severe and incurable condition that causes inflammation and death of the brain tissue.

    What’s in a Name?

    No one is certain where the name Pug originated.Some think it comes from the Latin pugnus, meaning “fist,” because the Pug’s sweet, smooshed profile resembles a human fist.Another theory is that Pugs were named after “pug monkeys,” a term of endearment used for marmosets – they were frequently kept as pets in the 18th century and have a similar facial structure.Still others speculate that the name evolved from Puck, the mischievous fairy from “A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

    Where do you host your new volunteer orientations?

    Volunteer orientations are held at our facility in Gardena, CA, on a Sunday afternoon and last approximately 90 minutes.We typically schedule one orientation session each month.

    Where Does The Name Come From?

    Although Pugs are called Pugs in English, the Dutch, Germans and Belgians call them “Mops”.How come? “Pug” comes from the Latin “pugnus”, which means “fist” (like the shape of their heads).The word “Mops” came from the Dutch “moppern”, which means “to whine”.

    Why do we find them so adorable?

    One popular explanation for our instinctual reaction to flat-faced breeds of dogs is that selective breeding has designed their features to better resemble a human face (specifically, a baby’s face) which plays with our neural circuits and makes us squirm with happiness and love.

    History of Pugs

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  • In 1572, a pug saved the life of the Prince of Holland’s House of Orange by alerting him to the presence of Spanish invaders and has been the official breed of the House of Orange ever since.
  • In 1572, a pug sounded the alarm that saved Prince William from the approaching Spanish soldiers, and the breed forever after was tied to the royal House of Orange.
  • In 1572, a Pug was credited with saving the life of Holland’s William, Prince of Orange, when his dog warned him of the approach of hostile Spaniards.
  • In 1781, the Chow was described in a British book, Natural History and Antiquities of Selbourne, by naturalist Gilbert White.
  • In 1785, Goya also portrayed Pugs in his paintings.
  • In 1789, author Hester Piozzi wrote in her journal, “The little Pug dog or Dutch mastiff has quitted London for Padua, I perceive.
  • In 1855, confused and angry over the Tansy Point treaties, the people refused a treaty offered by Territorial Governor Isaac Stevens.
  • In 1860 when the British took over the Chinese Imperial Palace, they discovered several Pugs and Pekingese, and the dogs were brought back to England with them.
  • In 1860, British and French troops captured the palace where the elderly aunt the…
  • In 1864, the lands from the unratified treaties were taken by decree and the Chinook were asked to move to one of two small reservations in Chehalis and Shoalwater Bay.
  • In 1886, the American Kennel Club officially recognized English Toy Spaniel as a distinct breed.
  • In 1891, an official Belgian Shepherd Dog Club began in Brussels.
  • In 1904, the AKC recognized Chihuahua in the Toy category.
  • In 1922 Boston University adopted Boston Terrier character RHETT as their official mascot.
  • In 1922, the French breed club, the Club des Amis Du Beauceron, was founded.
  • In 1926, a wealthy American named Roswell Eldridge visited England in search of the original little long-nosed Spaniel, often seen in King Charles portraits, but found none, so he offered cash prizes for whoever brought the male and female specimens more similar to the original animals.
  • In 1928, Miss Mostyn Walker presented a dog named Ann’s Son for evaluation and was awarded the 25-pound prize.
  • In 1931, the government of Japan declared the Akita breed to be a national monument in addition to one of Japan’s national treasures.
  • In 1931, the Pug Dog Club of America was established.
  • In 1949, the People’s Republic of China was established.
  • In 1971 the country was glued to TV sets, watching as a pair of pugs descended from a spaceship to leave their paw prints on the face of the moon, or at least a low-budget copy of them.
  • In 1971, the Tibetan Spaniel Club of America was founded with 14 charter members.
  • In 1978 the Guinness Book of Records listed it … 323 results for mini shar pei.
  • In 1981, the Pug Dhandys Favorite Woodchuck won the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in the United States, the only Pug to have won there since the show began in 1877.[22] The World Champion, or Best in Show at the 2004 World Dog Show held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was a Pug named Double D Cinoblu’s Masterpiece.[5]
  • In 1984, the Tibetan Spaniel was officially recognized by the AKC.
  • In 1984, the Tibetan Spaniel was officially recognized by the AKC. 
  • In 1985, the American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed, and the breed was eventually recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995.
  • In 1993, a 7-year-old female Jindo named Baekgu (백구; 白狗; translated as a White Dog), raised by Park Bok-dan (박복단), an 83-year-old woman on Jindo Island, was sold to a new owner in the city of Daejeon which is located about 300 km (180 mi) away from the island.
  • In 1999, German shepherd dogs were third on the American Kennel Club’s list of the Top 50 Breeds.
  • In 1999, the International Silken Windhound Society was chartered.
  • In 2002 my annual begging and the weak conference market convinced Ed to give IFPUG a break so we could afford him.
  • In 2007 the New York Times reported that one in every four litters the American Canine Hybrid Club registered that year was a litter of Puggles.
  • In 2008, an investigative documentary carried out by the BBC found significant inbreeding between pedigree dogs, with a study by Imperial College, London, showing that the 10,000 Pugs in the UK were so inbred that their gene pool was the equivalent of only 50 individuals.[39]
  • In 2010, 15.8 percent of dogs seen in Banfield hospitals were diagnosed with otitis externa.
  • In 2013, a veterinary care study was conducted on 1,009 Pugs.
  • In 2015, Wisconsin became the first state to introduce a bill to make blaze pink a legal hunting color.
  • In 2016, an important genetic study of the Bulldog was published.
  • In 2017, the Bulldog was the sixth most common breed registered by the Kennel Club [8].
  • In 2019, the American Kennel Club (AKC) ranked the Beagle as the 6th most popular most popular breed in America.
  • In 2020, the sequencing of ancient dog genomes indicates that in two Mexican breeds the Chihuahua retains 4% and the Xoloitzcuintli 3% pre-colonial ancestry.
  • In the 1500s, as Dutch and Chinese traders intermingled, the Pug made its way to the Netherlands.
  • In the 1500s, Dutch traders brought pugs to Europe.
  • In the 1500s, Dutch traders brought the Pug from China to England and Holland and these pups became a popular dog among aristocracy and royalty.
  • In the 1500s, it made its way to Europe on Dutch trading ships, and famously saved the life of the Prince of Orange by barking to alert him to the danger of an incoming attack.
  • In the 1600s, both King Charles I and King Charles II adored the breed, and it was from the latter that they were eventually named the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.
  • In the 1800’s these dogs were employed extensively throughout France and were trained to bait bulls and jaguars, to hunt boar, to protect property, and even to herd cattle.
  • In the 1800s in Southern Georgia Alapaha River region of Rebecca, Georgia, USA in the 1970 s!
  • In the 1800s there were two dominant breeding lines in England, one of them being the Morrisson line, which was apparently founded on Queen Charlotte’s royal dogs, and the other was founded on dogs that were imported from Hungary and Russia, and started by Lord and Lady Willoughby de Eresby.
  • In the 1800s, Basque sheepherders arrived in the United States from a long stay in Australia, with their herding dogs in tow.
  • In the 1890s, the Tibetan Spaniel appeared in England but was not bred until the 1920s.
  • In the 1920’s the breed standard
    was developed.
  • In the 1930s, technological advancements in fishing nearly caused the extinction of Portuguese Water Dogs.
  • in the 1940s.
  • In the 1960s dogs ’ Nails Instead of Clipping them [ Video ] is too good to resist person…
  • In the 1960s, the Tibetan Spaniel arrived in the United States.
  • On 1 January 1958 the breeds were unified by the ENCI, the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiano, the national dog association of Italy.
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